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INSIGHT-Smog war accident: Chinese coal city has a high pollution load. | Energy and oil



* Jincheng under pressure under water smog targets failed

* Coal-based economy breaks in the winter campaign

* Dozens of mines, plants closed after crackdowns

David Stanway and Joseph Campbell

JINCHENG, China, Nov, 2012 (Reuters) – People living in rugged and high-ranking North China's northern North China city of Jincheng have eased dozens of contamination and chemical plants in polluting reductions.

"Everything is dusty and is now cleaner," said a 44-year-old Zhang Haibin, a farmer out of the desert, attracting migrant workers across the country.

But Jincheng paid a heavy price, Zhang said.

The factories and coal mines have shut down through the local economy. Migrants have been excluded and the works are even harder for locals.

Air is still not clear enough, reducing the government's goal of pollution. This means that another road to punishing a new anti-pollution campaign is taking place in the winter of winter in the northern Chinese winter, winter pressure will be further in Jincheng.

The experience of the city shows the challenges of the Chinese government in an effort to recover pollution in the economy that continues to worsen the consequences of a war in the United States as a result of a war trade.

In the north of China, the city is trying to keep a balance in the decades ahead of environmental decay in the decade of growth.

Jincheng has done a particularly wrong, according to the central government.

The vast and mountainous administrative district in the south of Shanxi province, Jincheng is still equipped with charcoal. Even though the shuttered enclosures have closed, the hidden scenery has been spotting decades of painstaking abuses.

Residents say air quality has improved, but sulfur waters surround industrial areas, and smoke can be seen from factory fireplaces.

The 28-year-old Jincheng imposed special pollution measures, according to data from the Ministry of Ecology and the Environment.

The purpose of concentrating PM2.5 harmful lung particles is not achieved, 10% in the last winter, and 1,819 contamination, with 28 major cities.

Beijing summoned Beijing in April to explain the performance of urban poverty, the mayor, Liu Feng, said 9 percent of domestic gross domestic product and the investment of fixed assets fell 41 percent as a result of cuts in the first quarter.

Feng said the officials, when Reuters participated, wanted to seek "to be ashamed" and "to learn the painful voices" so he would not meet this year.

Feng said city inspectors were "passive" and did not expect to build smogs or oversee industry. However, it also affected bad weather conditions and the "industrial structure" of the city, with contaminating plants, steel mills and cement factories.

The economic recovery rebounded after the winter legs rose, with a GDP growth of 4.9% year-on-year in the first three quarters of 2018, according to the city statistics office, although fixed asset investment fell by 1.9% year-on-year.

However, the negative contamination against winter pollution caused by Jincheng (like many Shanxi cities) will rejoin once again with its industrial structures to unify the official targets for pollution.

Shanxi "is a very complex situation, with little resources and its supervisory skills are very weak, it has many types of challenges," said Ma Jun, Director of Public Administration and Environmental Affairs (IPE). Government controlling pollution.

"Shanxi has many cities in the smallest country where the environment comes with law enforcement and disclosure of information," said Ma.

Shanxi produces about one million tonnes of coal annually, about a quarter of a total nationwide, and despite promising promotion of energy purity, the production of fossil fuels has increased in the first three quarters of 2018.

DO NOT LENIENCY

Last winter, the smog crackdown criticized "full size measures". Indeed, regardless of the local condition, hundreds of factories were closed to set off contamination controls.

Beijing has led this year to a more marketable campaign to reduce emissions reduction targets and to respect environmentally friendly companies.

But after the previous mistake, Jincheng has not dealt with a war against pollution, because Xi Jinping is the president's signature policy.

On Monday, the auditors said 19 Jincheng companies did not follow the rules they were making to deceive fraud last week, due to the many problems that have been uncovered in recent years.

City coal districts are in the current siege because the inspectors violate mines, coal processing facilities, chemical facilities and warehouse warehouses.

In the winter, Jincheng wants to cut coal chemical production by 30 percent, imposing 50% exit limits in certain neighborhoods. In addition, it will establish a "non-coal area" of 95 kilometers per kilometer, a domestic carbon combustion ban and 9,000 household gas.

Shanxi Lanhua High-Tech's director, coal, chemical and real estate conglomerate conglomerate, said the city was under greater pressure.

It will close some greenhouse companies in the winter and expects profits in the winter of 450 million yuan (64.84 million dollars).

"This year the intensity will be stronger," said the director, asking for anonymity, because he did not have the right to speak to the media.

FOR DISTRIBUTION

According to the IPE, the contaminating cities like Jincheng have long taken advantage of the system. Unfair rules did not mean that they could respect rivals, and China had to create a "level playing field" except for exempt retailers.

But in a meeting of the Chinese parliament in March, Jincheng's representative said the city needed more financial assistance from Beijing to diversify and regenerate its economy.

After years of mixing, Jincheng continues to grow coal, while the mining industry has approved the closure of small rivals, the related businesses (including commercial premises) are increasing the cost of forecasts and their competitiveness.

Gas has been a bright side to the city, with seals with coal methane, which has replaced coal for many surrounding villages, but development still takes time.

"The growth of the GDP that Jincheng wants … will be for today's gas, historically coal," said Greater Randeep Grewal, a G3 exploration unit, with over 4,500 investigators drilled. Methane puddles in Jincheng.

"We are in a transition mode and, clearly, in the transition, you're getting a bit of pain, but the transition is irreversible."

Meanwhile, the coal heritage is also felt by the neighbors of Jincheng, Zhang, as a farmer.

Its smallest housing is confused with dangerous cracks – those that cause subsidies for mining – but it has not been sufficiently state-funded.

"Cow farms have also been abandoned here, because environmental policies and farmers work a lot," he said. "The government knows how to make the money, but it does not know how to solve ordinary people."

Special Muyu Xu reports in Beijing and Shanghai
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