CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. – It was designed to launch a NASA spacecraft on Mars on Tuesday, shining in dark planets on Monday, after a superb and supersonic red blind, waiting for suspicious pendants to recover the opinion of scientists. 100 million miles in space.
NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena (California) aircraft controllers, chairs, screaming, dancing and embrace were released, because InSight reached Marsen, a cemetery for many previous missions.
"Touchdown confirmed!" The flight controller called the name was called before 3 hours. The EST disengaged the anxiety that caught the control room, it fell six minutes later.
Due to the distance between Earth and Mars, it took eight minutes to retrieve the output, six months, 300 million miles (482 million kilometers) across the journey through a couple of InSight satellite satellites.
The two satellites did not transmit real news in real-time, they sent InSight to Mars's first photo after 4 ½ minutes after the earth.
The image was ripped off with dust, the dust cover was still on the crust's camera, but at first glance it saw the land look smooth and sandy, as scientists waited. More photos are expected in the next days.
NASA, in fact, in the case of humanity, was launching the eighth best-known attraction, the Viking Pros of 1976, and six years earlier. NASA's curiosities, which arrived in 2012, continues in March.
"Flawless," said the chief engineer of JPL, Rob Manning. "This is to wait and imagine our hope," he added. "Sometimes things are in your favor".
NASA's Administration Jim Bridenstine said that his first landing Mars was head of the space agency, "What a wonderful day in our country."
InSight, part of a million million international mission, is led by a German mechanical mole, which will immerse it in 16 meters (5 meters) to gauge the planet's heat. Nothing ever drilled more deeply than Mars inches. Earth also has a seismometer made of French, to measure quake, in a geologically quieter neighbor.
Another experiment will calculate Mars & # 39; wobble to make the makeup of the planet's core appear.
"In the coming months and years, history books will be explored again in Mars," said JPL director Michael Watkins.
In the United States, Russian and other space-based startups Mars-bound spacecraft have been lost or destroyed in years, a success rate of about 40%, not counting InSight.
NASA made its old and fair view of this time when paragliders and braking engines set off InSight speed at 12.3 mph (19,800 km / h) when it crossed the Martian atmosphere, with 114 km (77 km) and 5 mph (8 km / h) touchdown at. It was risky to burn or bounce in the atmosphere in space.
The three-legged InSight Elysium Planitia was located on the west, NASA invented the plain. The director of Tom Hoffman said the spacecraft was approaching the bull, but NASA did not make the final calculations.
He told me it was difficult to say that there was any nearby slope in the first photo, but when he appeared he got a "parking lot".
Museums, planets and libraries of the United States, for audiences, to see events that are open in JPL. NASA television coverage also appeared on the big screen in Times Square in New York, when people covered umbrellas in the rain.
InSight is a stable, stable, 800-kilogram (360 kilogram) stack for the next two years. His first work was a quick picture. The next task was to expand the solar panels. NASA wanted to wait for 16 minutes to save dust; Monday night waited as he went.
Months will be set up and set up. Bruce Banerdt, the senior scientist, said he did not expect a stream of solid data until late spring to come, and he can take full missions to get goods.
"It will be awesome. I can not wait to see marsquakes," said Hoffman.
The well-preserved interior of Mars, 5 million years ago, looks like Earth's appearance, according to Banerdt. While the earth is seismically active, when Mars decided to "rest in his laurels", he said.
Analyzing Mart's interior surveys and maps, scientists expect why the rocks in the solar system on our solar system were so different and why it became a shelter for Earth living.
However, there are no inSight boat detectors. NASA's next mission, the Mars 2020 coach, will be based on rocks that may prove to be an ancient lifestyle.
The Mars's past is a wet and water-filled life that asks NASA to continue driving the fourth rock of the sun.