This afternoon, NASA will develop its latest spacecraft – an InSight vehicle, to sit on the planet's surface and listen to earthquakes in the next two years – Marsen. But first of all, it is necessary to overcome the decline in the ground. NASA wants to use nuclear space around Mars to confirm the InSight lands in its entirety.
When the Earth exceeds the Earth's upper reaches, it will perform a complex multistep landing routine that lasts six to seven minutes. In the first phase, InSight will release it to the atmosphere using the heat shield of the atmosphere, surrounding airspace into a spacecraft and 2,700 degrees of heat will be warmed up. Earth is going to reduce the atmosphere dramatically, but InSight will have to expand the supersonic paraport even more. In the end, the lander will turn onboard impulse to lower the vehicle to the ground.
All these steps need to be made at the right time so that InSight can activate gently touching the surface. If successful, the plot will start at speeds of over 12,000 kilometers per hour to reach an area of 5 kilometers per hour. If everything goes well, we must confirm landing from now on, but it will be a few hours before the spacecraft is fully healthy and its mission is to start.
During the descent, InSight will send data on the important step of its landing process, with fewer antennas in its ship. Scientists will try to receive these Earth signs, but they are also listening to the spacecraft in two. Both probes are the Marco nuclear space, launched by InSight in March and then traveling from Mars. The MarCO probes are a type of satellite class called Cube Sat, which includes 10-centimeter cubes. Cube Sats have become crucial tools for collecting data on orbit around the Earth, but MarCO satellites are sent to the first depth space.
The MarCO satellite travels with Mars, separated from InSight, but they get straight to the ground. They will be within 2,175 kilometers of the planet, and when they do it, InSight will try to collect signals of ultra-high frequency (UHF) signals for landing. MarCO pairs decrypt all data and sends information to the Earth. NASA would provide real-time maintenance of InSight landings. They would be able to send InSight's image once in a while.
Technically, MarCO probes are considered as experimental, so NASA works as expected. If not able to decrypt the InSight data, the NASA event's knowledge will be less reliable at the earliest. The Earth's antenna may still receive signs sent by InSight, but the MarCo probes did not make an interpretation, scientists would not say much.
"We have UHF signals that come directly from the Earth, but they do not extend information, because it is a long distance distance that is able to decrypt this information," said Tom Hoffman, Director of InSight Project, NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory The Virgin. In most cases, NASA may use these signals to determine whether InSight changes at high speeds, such as when the paraglider is deployed. But that's it.
MarCo probes will not be the only spacecraft to observe landing. NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, which has been in orbit around the world in 2006, includes data from other lands. Unlike the MarCO probes, MRO does not send this information in real time. It picks up data over the spacecraft horizontally, cutting it off from the Earth's perspective. When MRO returns around Mars, three hours later, they will send all the data we will return to the plans.
Once InSight is on the ground, it will send a quick signal, and it will turn on a much stronger antenna. After seven minutes to the ground, this antenna will send a great signal to the Earth, confirming that InSight made it in a single piece. "We're very happy when we hear it," says Hoffman.
But the InSight team is not going to take a moment. After landing, InSight's latest big step will be for solar panels. These array memos are essential to start up the Earth, and if they do not spread properly, InSight can not complete its task. Unfortunately, NASA scientists should wait a few hours before confirming the expansion of the solar panels. Shortly afterwards, after InSight, the spacecraft will be out of the Earth and will not be able to plan the signals directly to our planet for a moment. Fortunately, Mars Odyssey, a space that Mars has begun since 2001, will open the panels. The information on the Earth will be crucial to the Earth after about 5 hours and a half.
"To be honest, I will not be completely relaxed, make sure we have expanded our solar arrays," says Hoffman.
InSight landing is planned before 3PM ET. However, NASA will not receive a landing word, until it's actually eight minutes. The distance between Earth and Mars means that a signal of light takes eight minutes and seven seconds between the two planets. But everything goes according to the plan, NASA should receive a strong signal post-landing at 3:01 PM ET.
NASA will provide direct flight coverage from 2PM ET. Check out the space agency in Martian to get a successful touch.