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15 outstanding achievements and 15 unique spaces



concludes to produce aerospace industry throughout the year and space agencies around the world Many planets were planned on our Solar System, as well as our Sun.

The touristic space company made its first orbital flight, and the strongest rocket rocket also came from legendary Saturn V, along with the moon, and introduced a maneuver's astronaut and sports center into orbit. Martian

1) Saocom: Argentina's Argentinian satellite began to build only Japan

3 tonnes in weight and all over the country, SAOCOM, the latest satellite in Argentina began in October. Satellite is a satellite satellite device that will create early warning floods, develop risk maps for crop diseases, monitor ocean-going marine Argentina, and also help manage environmental emergencies.

An internationally well-known landmark is that Argentina's experience was not the construction of a polarimetric-radar L-band with a 35-meter high antenna and high sensitivity in its welded integration.

The SAOCOM 1A (satellite satellite microwave) was developed and built by the National Space Activities Committee (CONAE) together with the National Strategic Plan (INVAP), VENG and the National Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA). ), with the participation of 80 technological and technological companies from the scientific-technological system in the country, and the Italian Space Agency (ASI).

2) NASA's InSight spacecraft in Marsen

The final mission of NASA's mission was Curiosity Riding, landed in 2012 and is still active in Mount Sharp. The space agency wants to send another vehicle in 2020. The arrival of InSight was celebrated by scientists, due to the leakage of the seismometer of the ship, which had to go by two years, as planned in 2016.

3) Start the Soyuz crew abortion

The Soyuz spacecraft was taken to Kazakhstan but the International Space Station never arrived

Both men made an emergency landing in Kazakhstan in a safe and healthy way. Hagako and Ovchinin created a good physical appearance and ordered another attempt at space flight.
Roscosmos (Russian Spatial Space) quickly investigated and established a solution to maintain a permanent space station.

Thus, it was launched at Expedition 58, three weeks before (December 3), at which time the orbiting team arrived at home. The space station activity will continue with ordinary rotation, but for now, the crew will have three main people, instead of six. Hagako and Ovchinin will fly on February 28, 2019.

4) Parker Solar Probe launches "touch" in the sun

One of the mysteries of our star's key is that the crown is very hot. Temperatures range from 1 million to 3 million Celsius. Scientists suspect that the convection of the sun and the magnetic fields contribute to the high temperature of the crown, but they need observations for the theory.

The pioneering astrophysicist of the solar system Eugene Parker pays tribute to the 1950s. He announced the wind of the sun (continuous flow of particles) in the 1950s. Parker started the rocket in 91. The first person is alive to have a NASA mission named after him.

5) The SpaceX Falcon Heavy and its incredible debut

Private SpaceX has launched the largest rocket in space, with intelligent public relations attracted by people around the world.

Falcon Heavy set off on February 6, 2018, and was quick to broadcast live broadcasts: the main charge was "Starman", a manikin run by Tesla X Roadster, one of which is SpaceX, Elon Musk. The high-rise stage of the rocket, the car and the passenger in deep spaces, entered Mars's orbit.

It started up all over the world, and it was expected that a fairly short trips to the heavy market, which is a very successful winner, including military satellites and the launch of scientific vehicles to other planets.

SpaceX and Musk Mars are great advocates of exploration, so in the next few decades they are developing a new and giant nuclear combination to attract settlers.

6) TESS, looking for exoplanet

NASA gained another Earth's evolution on April 18 when Exoplanet Satellite Transit (TESS) satellites opened its way to space.

Unlike previous satellites, TESS is designed to look for the planets nearest to our surroundings. Some of the planet's approach to the ground offer some advantages, among other things, being able to find out more about telescopes in the world's composition. TESS will also act as a pioneer observatory for space telescope at NASA's NASA Web site in a scientific mission launched in 2021 between exoplanet studies.

TESS is a single and very elliptical 11.7-day orbit approaching near Earth (108,000 kilometers) to carry out scientific observations to send data back to 373,000 km home. During a two-year primary mission, he will look at the whole sky, although scientists may be more stable in the orbit, although it may be longer. The discovery of the discovery of the first planet was announced on September 19: super-steam earth.

7) China started on the other side of the moon

China, the robotic role of the 2013 lunar robot is fascinated by the world, is trying to get another milestone landing on the other side. Changing the spacecraft aircraft on December 7 forced a vehicle vehicle and stationary vehicle to be picked up at the beginning of January. Its destination was Von Kármán Crater, with a width of 115 km (186 km). The crater is one of the largest composition of the South Pole Grandfathers basin, with a huge limit of 1,600 miles (2,500 km).

The moonlight is far from the Earth, and, in fact, it was not a surprise that the satellite first shook the moon in the seventies. Landing presents another challenge, without transmitting satellite information from the Earth. So, China sent a satellite called Queqiao in May, which is a landmark point called Earth and Moon in Lagrange Point 2. In this place, beyond the moon, the satellite sends information on Chang & # 39; e 4 and Earth mission control.

8) Guardian Kepler and Dawn

NASA announced on October 30 that Kepler would predict that the planet's hunting would be a wonderful telescope, with a long life of its original scientific mission. The trip was incredible, creating up to 70% of the world's up to now confirmed 3,800 alcohol.

Kepler spent the first four years in space (from 2009 to 2013), observing the skull of the Cygnus constellation, confirmed the 2327 eruption to exoplanet until today.

After failing the second signal signal, NASA invented an innovative way for Kepler to launch; The pressure of the sun in the ship was stable in space and, over time, it looked at the different sky sectors. This new K2 mission (when it lasted four years) revealed more exoplanets, but a study of comet, asteroid, supernova, and other phenomena was performed.

Dawn began in September 2007 and Vesta arrived in July 2011. He spent 14 months looking at the surface of the asteroid; Among its many discoveries, it found that liquid water (meteorite effects) emerged on the surface. Dawn's second and final destination was Ceres. In it, the place found bright places: after the underground crust, the salts left the Ceres surface and evaporated into space. Dawn will continue to orbit around Ceres for at least 20 years.

9) From Japan, Hayabusa2 arrives to Ryugu

After a trip to a space of more than three years, the Japanese Hayabusa2 boat Ryugu arrived on an asteroid on June 27 and began working quickly. The purpose of Hayabusa2 is to translate the sample from an asteroid to the Earth, just like the original Hayabusa spacecraft just like a decade ago. But first of all, Hayabusa2 Ryugu fell to two millers and to the ground, sending images of a strange surface.

At the end of September, Hayabusa expanded three small solar energy asteroids called HIBOU and OWL. ("Hibou" is also an owl in French.) OWL is the abbreviation for "Intelligent Wheels Locomotive Observation Unit". This will make the story and composition of Ryugu a lot more information together. Hayabusa2 still has an aircraft next year.

10) Asteroid NASIR OSIRIS-REx reaches Bennu

OSIRIS-REx (known as Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security, Regolith Explorer) reached an asteroid destination on December 3: Bennu space was expanded to 500 meters wide. In the end, the OSIRIS-REx Bennu surface will be dropped to collect the sample from the Earth. But first of all, scientists discovered the asteroid and district before land was chosen by a land.

The spacecraft has a complete mission in the coming months, with the first important milestone to enter into a safe orbit on December 31. In recent weeks, mission managers are not examining the tempting goal of Bennu, but how to prepare the spacecraft's orbit. OSIRIS-REX undertook three studies at Bennu in mid-December, with about 30% of the surface of the asteroid.

11) A hole in the International Space Station

On August 29, the monitoring mission of the International Space Station saw a slight decline in atmospheric pressure, which is rapidly penetrating the two-millimeter hole into the Soyuz space attached to a complex orbit. Leak never was a real danger, but when the cosmonaut Sergey Prokopyev (after consulting with the US mission and missionary drivers) connected the epoxy problem quickly with epoxy, it seemed to be a good solution. problem

Certainly, on December 11th, two Russian cosmonauts (Prokopyev and Oleg Kononenko) would venture on the Soyuz outer layers using knives and scissors to investigate the solution for further study of epoxy samples. .

The space was not part of the space used to enter the hole, so there was no danger of returning the Expedition 56 astronauts.

The cause of the hole is not fully clarified, although reports suggest that it was a production error during the construction of the Russian Soyuz. The full investigation and report must be completed by 2019.

12) Voyager 2 reaches the universal space

One of NASA's most prestigious nuclear spaces reached a cosmic circuit on November 5, when Voyager 2 overcame the boundary of the sterling space, the sun's impact on other stars has paved the way. NASA's first space was not made; The Voyager 1 twins arrived in starred space in 2012. That's why Voyager 2 informs about the transition between spacecraft heliopex (Sun's neighborhood) and space stars. .

It was the only final milestone in the long-lived Nuclear space in 1977, when it launched into a "great tour" on the outer planet. NASA's only four nuclear space, four large planets, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune, and their discoveries are four. The plutonic supply of nuclear will begin in just a few years and will force the tools that close to 2025, as members of the mission group said.

13) Galactic of the Virgin Mary reaches space

The market of the tourist space on December 13 saw the arrival of Virgin Galactic landmark for fifteen years and a half. In the end, two riders had 82.7 kilometers of crew. After the United States Air Force space demarcation line.

Hundreds of people have made money to escape to the suborbital space of Virgin Galactic. The final price of the card was $ 250,000. Virgin continues in the space flight plans with a lot of delays in development, and when a previous vehicle accident accident, VSS Enterprise made changes to design during rocket flight tests.

14) BepiColombo has launched mercury

Mercury has spent a few years sending a new space mission. The mission of the BepiColombo Association was taken by Europeans and Japan on October 19. The Nuclear will travel for 7 years around the Solar System, increasing the planet's over planet Earth and Venus, before entering Mercury's orbit in 2025. Mercurio has only had one Messenger mission so far. NASA, therefore, will bring BepiColombo closer to the nearest Sunlight.

Without a doubt, in the next seven years still scientists will occupy. For example, BepiColombo will take specific measurements of Earth or Mercury's orbit measurement to determine where the general relativity theory fails. Additionally, two BepiColombo spacecraft will have many overlays (six of Mercury, two of Venus and a Earth) that allow you to set up many tools and search for new or more interesting surfaces on the planet.

15) Cubesats makes space exploration breaks

The start of the Rocket Lab space flight started in 2018, its first operational mission was launched on November 10 and the second on December 16. In this last flight, the Rocket Lab's electron test set up 13 small satellites, reaching a 500-km orbit of the Earth at NASA. In it, the satellites carried out several missions to analyze the availability of 3D rocket printers for the measurement of radiation.

The California company aims to penetrate the space to place frequent and economically small cubes and small satellites into orbit. But the cubes are making waves above the Earth. The InSight mission began in May this year, leaving the Earth's orbit behind the first two cores. Since WALL-E and EVE (when two spaces with illness were named as nickname) when InSight transmitted local data, the vehicle landed in Martian.


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