When Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin arrived in the moon, in 1969, the forces that guided them were above the politics. Years before, in 1957, with the launch of the Sputnik 1 Soviet satellite, the spatial race was launched and the Apollo program accelerated. Now, NASA astronauts are preparing to get out of the Earth's orbit, starting with the Moon and finally reaching Mars. But at this moment it is not a competition, and at the moment it does not help. The Orion, an American ship that revitalizes the manned missions in the wider space, is in charge of the European Space Agency (ESA), responsible for the construction of half. There is no need to try all the ingredients together, Orion is less than two years old and three or four years old from the first armed crew.
"The competition accelerates the projects, but it allows cooperation," said Johann-Dietrich Wörner, CEO of ESA, from a Kennedy Space Center (USA). In just a few meters, the metal cylinder is five meters in diameter and has a long length on the scaffold. The new Orion ship's new service module, arrived in Bremen (Germany) last week in the United States. It is the headquarters of the Air Defense and Space, the distribution of the Airbus Group, responsible for the construction of the device and the paid trip from El Pais Florida. Philippe Deloo, director of the Orion project in Europe, says that the cylinder is full of tools, "one of the best ESA engineering works".
The service module provides air, electricity and boat propulsion, among other key functions, and is one of the two main components of Orion. The other is a crew cab, the only reusable item, with a capacity of 20 cubic meters and six astronauts, which are the same as Lockheed Martin and the American agency. "Historically, the United States has been suspected of representing critical elements of mission in other countries," said Jim Bridenstine, NASA Administrator, on a conference call at the Space Center (flight from Washington DC to Florida due to bad weather). "We have now decided to contribute to the great projects that can be done in a single agency, which I think is a very positive change," he added.
This week, the installation of a Kennedy Space Center, a service module and a crew module, was created at the center of the Kennedy Space Center, a spacecraft for launching a space exploration space in deep space. The United States is not the first country to make the flag of the solar system as the next planet, but to develop a "sustainable" scientific exploration and long-term scientific research. A program that will give a little look at the others, "according to Guillermo Gonzalez, responsible for the control of the ESA mission crew, and one year ago, head of the Orion project in Europe.
The new spacecraft is the heart of this plan. Thus, the current generation of astronauts will travel to the orbit of Moon, which will be able to control the surface of the satellite. This technology is being tested with machines that move on Earth's surface under the control of astronauts at the International Space Station. Everyone, the space exploration approaching age is approaching, the moment to get out of the land control room and start operations in space.
Orion does not take parts of the international space station as loading space like space operators, but has powerful Earth-drawn motors in the Earth. In the future, Moon will be able to save the components of a space station that has an orbit, and the mission of this "lunar portal" will continue. "The Americans wanted to go to Martha," says Guillermo Gonzalez. "They realized they can not go past 10 or 15 years, they will work on the moon and go to Mars," he explained.
A few meters from the Hangar, a vehicle created by Orion Earth, a powerful rocket called Space Launching System (SLS), is one of the most expensive buildings in the world. It is 100 meters high and has a load capacity between 70 and 130 tonnes. Apollo is more powerful than any spacecraft in Saturn V rockets. In the summer of 2020, SLS will launch its first non-crew mission to Orion, about a three-week trip around the dark side of the Moon. When returning to the ground, the cabin (without maneuvers) will be recovered, but the service module will be consumed at the entrance. ESA and Airbus are preparing a newly prepared replacement for the planned 2022 mission.
Thanks to the agreements between NASA and ESA, the Orion construction for 2011 made it possible for Europe to expand the International Space Station for the coming years. If agreed by European Member States, it is possible to manufacture cooperation service modules with more than one mission. "In the future, we will require a large number of modules, for example four times," said Oliver Juckenhöfel, responsible for the services of the orbit and Airbus exploration. "It's not going to be doing it one by one," he says.
NASA's new deep space exploration programs have endured a lot of delays, but there is little doubt that there will be a stop for the Moon in the next decade, and if it is planned to arrive on Mars in the next decade. "You can see it, you can try it, you can touch it. We were going out!" The narrator's voice seemed to be in a NASA promotional video, at the Space Center hangers.
Source: El País