Wednesday , January 20 2021

Budgies's bug fixes more on Mates




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Budgerigars is a direct observation of the ability to solve male problems that increases the attractiveness of women, which favors better cognitive abilities under these skills.

Adult type of male wild type budgerigar, Melopsittacus undulatusNear the farmhouse near the Corner in Cameron, Queensland. This species is known as "budgie" or "parakeet"; It's wrong, because there are many perceptive species in American commerce.
(Credit: Benjamin444 / GFDL 1.2)Benjamint444 through the Creative Commons license

More recently, I analyzed hundreds of genes, many new scientists, who revealed that they were involved in aging and knowledge parrot (Here more). Although this research was not how Cognitive improvement skills were actually evolving in gardens, scientists believe that women are encouraging stronger intelligence (Pretty), as well as many other features. In essence, the evolution of the choice of friends' cognitive abilities allows women to have more "clever" members.

But how did you try this idea? Today, a prestigious studio has been published Science Chinese and Dutch scientists demonstrate that an international collaboration demonstrates that some Buddhist women who choose a male will change their minds to less successful male men to solve a toy toy. This study also found that women's preferences were not controlled by food control control experiments, where men have access to free access and did not affect social preferences, "point-holders" have successfully resolved the same toys toy. . Student thinking studies suggest that problem-solving skills directly increase male attractiveness and contribute to the evolution of cognitive abilities.

How did the researchers investigate?

Dr. Jiani Chen, at the Animal Ecology and Conservation Biology Laboratory Laboratory, in the Chinese Science Laboratory, designed a simple but elegant series of experiments, where they tested the text of the two children of women who preferred, then proved that female changes may detect men less masculine They had been prefering men to prove their skills to solve difficult problems.

Twenty-four men (17 pairs) and 17 women participated in the first experiment. Parrots were solved in a group (18 men and 9 women) and a control group (16 men and 8 women). The first two women's tests in both groups were held in the first thesis, because two female actors put two cages in the two budgerigars to choose from. The male nominee for each female candidate was better chosen (Figure 2).

Figure 2 Minimum time spent on female preference and minimum particulars (mean & plusmn; SEM). Near timeA) males (experiment 1) and (B) females (experiment 2). The less obvious choice of male players as a result of the opening of cash machines is to give priority to these men. No significant preference was found in the control group or in the female-female group. P, preferred; LP, less preferred.
(Doi:10,1126 / science.aau8181)doi: 10,1126 / science.aau8181

Does the presence of food affect women's preferences? It was a new attempts to observe two male men to check if there was more food than the man was, but men who were less than men did not have the chance to enter regular food containers, they did not have a favorite man. However, female tests have still spent more time with their favorite male (image 2A).

Here's the malicious piece of research. Men with less than male females were trained (outside of women's sight) to open two different toy toys. One puzzle toy was a petri dish and the other was a three-step box (Figure 1). Men did not want to receive this training.

Each female test was once again observed and selected among her male men, now it was a troublesome issue that could be able to open two puzzle boxes for food (1B image) and her favorite male to open these pictures (1C image).

Image 1 Design of the observation phase. (A) Problems resolution devices: Petri dish and three-step box. (B) The axis that looks at a man who has prepared a petri dish. (C) Looking at a female focal point, watching a male without a dish without success.
(Doi:10,1126 / science.aau8181)doi: 10,1126 / science.aau8181

He often preferred access to his men (but nowadays, the solution to the problems), while men did not prefer, the majority of women in the trial changed their minds and solved more problems (Figure 2).

In order to try out the preferences of individuals to solve the problem of women, increasing social growth, but before sexual intercourse, there was a second experiment with problem solving issues to overcome their priority. This experiment was the same as the first one, except that the test was for both women females – There are two distinct problems that resolve the problem and those who do not have one, and two females have been evaluated for each type of improvement (Figure 2). In this situation, virtually no female practitioners do not change their minds with those who want their origin.

Why budgerigars women prefer clear men?

"A very interesting study," said Alex Kacelnik, a professor of behavioral ecology Oxford University, who did not participate in the study.

"As stated by the authors, there is a well-established hypothesis between sexual selection and cognitive evolution (for example, male systems with the most select sexual characteristics are better suited to the creation of novels[[[[Pretty]), "Kacelnik instructed by email."[B]Here they show that women have increased their preferences to make better use of men's preferences, but not just women. "

But this research raises some interesting points. First, women did not actively resolve the problem resolution how to learn puzzle toys to solve food: they have only seen men who have trouble solving problems.

"It would be interesting if the female feels the ability to find new solutions, that is, the transition to an unknown employer," said Professor Kacelnik.

At this time, scientists are unaware of the general abilities to solve male levels, so researchers have not been able to solve problems in general, whether men are clearer or not. There are also different types of cleverness.

"Some men may be better at work that requires haphazard exploration [active exploration of the puzzle toys] and others [may excel] In the role of visual discrimination, "Professor Kacelnik has been working on the email." It may be good to control impulsiveness and others find new solutions quickly. "

"The theoretical conclusions of the research are rich and it is worth a thorough analysis."

But why would a woman want a male light, even though it was not originally the best option? Two main scientific explanations can be used here.

"Women can prefer men because they prefer direct benefits (ie, men are getting better access to female nutrition) or have inheritable traits that overcome their children," Professor Kacelnik answered in email.

"The first alternative does not have to be genetically better for humans: it's better to be a factor of development today for women," said Professor Kacelnik. "But if men are not genetically differentiated, female selectivity is not developing a cognitive evolution."

The second alternative, known as the gene's hypothesis, suggests choosing a selection of women's qualities as an honest indicator of male abilities and overcoming survival or reproduction of their children. But this explanation allows sexual selection, which is known as the paradox of the place. In a relocation system, almost all of the female males choose only one or several men, that is, it can be a serious problem, especially for thousands of generations: despite the fact that some men have a strong gender profile, men maintain their genetic variants?

"If the evolutionary genetic variant is stable, cognitive benefit must be compensated for other costs, so that men's lights are not worthwhile, [stupid] Those who favor paying the cost of being clever, "explained Professor Kacelnik." If the variance of the mind is not more stable, the more intelligent men are better for getting food and getting friends. Next, we must observe the transient phase of evolution, to be clearly running, in the case of men inequalities [in cognitive abilities] and not for the benefit of female selectivity. "

Source:

Jiani Chen, Yuqi Zou, Yue-Hua Sun and Carel has Cate (2019). Troubleshooting men are attracting more attractive women, Science, printed online on January 10, 2019 before printing | doi:10,1126 / science.aau8181

Read more about the plot intelligence about Forbes:

GrrlScientist. "Parrot Genome Provides Insight for Efficiency and Cognition Evolution", Forbes, December 21, 2018. (Link).

GrrlScientist. "& # 39; Walnut Test & # 39; Flower Shrewd Indicates Investors", Forbes, August 27, 2018. (Link).

GrrlScientist. "Brainier Birds Live On Islands" Forbes, July 31, 2018 (Link).

GrrlScientist. "What makes Loras so intelligent?" Forbes, July 12, 2018. (Link).

GrrlScientist. Like "Cockatoos Are Crafty As Crows" Forbes, September 2017. (Link).

GrrlScientist. "The economic contribution of Cockatoos can be better", Forbes, July 12, 2016. (Link).

GrrlScientist. "Can a new trick to learn an old parrot?", Forbes, January 2, 2016. (Link).

Troubleshooting Budgies Make More Attractive Mates | @GrrScientist

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Budgerigars is a direct observation of the ability to solve male problems that increases the attractiveness of women, which favors better cognitive abilities under these skills.

Adult type of male wild type budgerigar, Melopsittacus undulatusNear the farmhouse near the Corner in Cameron, Queensland. This species is known as "budgie" or "parakeet"; It's wrong, because there are many perceptive species in American commerce.
(Credit: Benjamint444 / GFDL 1.2)Benjamint444 through the Creative Commons license

Recently, I've published a study of hundreds of genes, many scientists, that participate in aging and cognition in parks (here again). Although this research was not how Better cognitive abilities have evolved in gardens, most scientists believe that women may have the power to drive better (refuted) intelligence, as well as other features. In essence, the evolution of the choice of friends' cognitive abilities allows women to have more "clever" members.

But how did you try this idea? Today, a prestigious studio has been published Science Chinese and Dutch scientists demonstrate that an international collaboration demonstrates that some Buddhist women who choose a male will change their minds to less successful male men to solve a toy toy. This study also found that women's preferences were not controlled by food control control experiments, where men have access to free access and did not affect social preferences, "point-holders" have successfully resolved the same toys toy. . Student thinking studies suggest that problem-solving skills directly increase male attractiveness and contribute to the evolution of cognitive abilities.

How did the researchers investigate?

Dr. Jiani Chen, at the Animal Ecology and Conservation Biology Laboratory Laboratory, in the Chinese Science Laboratory, designed a simple but elegant series of experiments, where they tested the text of the two children of women who preferred, then proved that female changes may detect men less masculine They had been prefering men to prove their skills to solve difficult problems.

Twenty-four men (17 pairs) and 17 women participated in the first experiment. Parrots were solved in a group (18 men and 9 women) and a control group (16 men and 8 women). The first two women's tests in both groups were held in the first thesis, because two female actors put two cages in the two budgerigars to choose from. The male nominee for each female candidate was better chosen (Figure 2).

Figure 2 Minimum and minimum minimum (average ± SEM) for the minimum time spent by female focal points. Near timeA) males (experiment 1) and (B) females (experiment 2). The less obvious choice of male players as a result of the opening of cash machines is to give priority to these men. No significant preference was found in the control group or in the female-female group. P, preferred; LP, less preferred.
(Doi: 10,1126 / science.aau8181)doi: 10,1126 / science.aau8181

Does the presence of food affect women's preferences? It was a new attempts to observe two male men to check if there was more food than the man was, but men who were less than men did not have the chance to enter regular food containers, they did not have a favorite man. However, female tests have still spent more time with their favorite male (image 2A).

Here's the malicious piece of research. Men with less than male females were trained (outside of women's sight) to open two different toy toys. One puzzle toy was a petri dish and the other was a three-step box (Figure 1). Men did not want to receive this training.

Each female test was once again observed and selected among her male men, now it was a troublesome issue that could be able to open two puzzle boxes for food (1B image) and her favorite male to open these pictures (1C image).

Image 1 Design of the observation phase. (A) Problems resolution devices: Petri dish and three-step box. (B) The axis that looks at a man who has prepared a petri dish. (C) Looking at a female focal point, watching a male without a dish without success.
(Doi: 10,1126 / science.aau8181)doi: 10,1126 / science.aau8181

He often preferred access to his men (but nowadays, the solution to the problems), while men did not prefer, the majority of women in the trial changed their minds and solved more problems (Figure 2).

In order to try out the preferences of individuals to solve the problem of women, increasing social growth, but before sexual intercourse, there was a second experiment with problem solving issues to overcome their priority. This experiment was the same as the first one, except that the test was for both women females – There are two distinct problems that resolve the problem and those who do not have one, and two females have been evaluated for each type of improvement (Figure 2). In this situation, virtually no female practitioners do not change their minds with those who want their origin.

Why budgerigars women prefer clear men?

"A very interesting study," said Alex Kacelnik, professor of behavioral ecology at the University of Oxford, did not participate in the study.

"As stated by the authors, there is a well-established hypothesis between sexual selection and cognitive evolution (for example, male systems with the most select sexual characteristics are better suited to the creation of novels [ref]), "Kacelnik instructed by email."[B]Here they show that women have increased their preferences to make better use of men's preferences, but not just women. "

But this research raises some interesting points. First, women did not actively resolve the problem resolution how to learn puzzle toys to solve food: they have only seen men who have trouble solving problems.

"It would be interesting if the female feels the ability to find new solutions, that is, the transition to an unknown employer," said Professor Kacelnik.

At this time, scientists are unaware of the general abilities to solve male levels, so researchers have not been able to solve problems in general, whether men are clearer or not. There are also different types of cleverness.

"Some men may be better at work that requires haphazard exploration [active exploration of the puzzle toys] and others [may excel] In the role of visual discrimination, "Professor Kacelnik has been working on the email." It may be good to control impulsiveness and others find new solutions quickly. "

"The theoretical conclusions of the research are rich and it is worth a thorough analysis."

But why would a woman want a male light, even though it was not originally the best option? Two main scientific explanations can be used here.

"Women can prefer men because they prefer direct benefits (ie, men are getting better access to female nutrition) or have inheritable traits that overcome their children," Professor Kacelnik answered in email.

"The first alternative does not have to be genetically better for humans: it's better to be a factor of development today for women," said Professor Kacelnik. "But if men are not genetically differentiated, female selectivity is not developing a cognitive evolution."

The second alternative, known as the gene's hypothesis, suggests choosing a selection of women's qualities as an honest indicator of male abilities and overcoming survival or reproduction of their children. But this explanation allows sexual selection, which is known as the paradox of the place. In a relocation system, almost all of the female males choose only one or several men, that is, it can be a serious problem, especially for thousands of generations: despite the fact that some men have a strong gender profile, men maintain their genetic variants?

"If the evolutionary genetic variant is stable, cognitive benefit must be compensated for other costs, so that men's lights are not worthwhile, [stupid] Those who favor paying the cost of being clever, "explained Professor Kacelnik." If the variance of the mind is not more stable, the more intelligent men are better for getting food and getting friends. Next, we must observe the transient phase of evolution, to be clearly running, in the case of men inequalities [in cognitive abilities] and not for the benefit of female selectivity. "

Source:

Jiani Chen, Yuqi Zou, Yue-Hua Sun and Carel has Cate (2019). Troubleshooting men are attracting more attractive women, Science, printed online on January 10, 2019 before printing | doi: 10,1126 / science.aau8181

Read more about the plot intelligence about Forbes:

GrrlScientist. "Parrot Genome Provides Insight for Efficiency and Cognition Evolution", Forbes, December 21, 2018. (Link.)

GrrlScientist. "& # 39; Walnut Test & # 39; Flower Shrewd Indicates Investors", Forbes, August 27, 2018 (link).

GrrlScientist. "Brainier Birds Live On Islands" Forbes, July 31, 2018. (Link.)

GrrlScientist. "What makes Loras so intelligent?" Forbes, July 12, 2018. (Link.)

GrrlScientist. Like "Cockatoos Are Crafty As Crows" Forbes, September 2017. (Link.)

GrrlScientist. "The economic contribution of Cockatoos can be better", Forbes, July 12, 2016. (Link.)

GrrlScientist. "Can a new trick to learn an old parrot?", Forbes, 2016 2016. (Link.)

Troubleshooting Budgies Make More Attractive Mates | @GrrScientist


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