The Coast / AFP-NA
A Chinese researcher has said that it has genetic fertilization with insulin, the twin twins of the AIDS virus and the ad-hoc criticism of a "dangerous" and "irresponsible" action.
He Jiankui, a professor at the University of Shenzhen, South China, posted a video on YouTube for two weeks in YouTube for two births to change the way the dead virus is. Father determined that HIV was positive.
Stanford is a researcher trained in the United States and a specialist in the Shenzhen Genome Laboratory, explained that he used the Crispr-Cas9 technique, called "genetic assurances", by removing and replacing unwanted parts of the genome. fix the bug in your computer.
The children, called "Lula" and "Nana", were created as part of an embryonic in vitro fertilization in the mother's womb.
"After entering the egg field, an embryologist injects a Crispr-Cas9 protein from a future HIV infection by changing a gene protecting the girl," explains Jianku.
Genetically changing DNA may be used to prevent illness, but this practice is a serious problem, as new generations will have genetic mutation.
MIT Technology Review recalls that "technology has an ethical responsibility".
The prediction of this medical experiment was made on the eve of the beginning of the Hong Kong World Genome Speech Conference, the Chinese researcher must present the results in detail.
However, after the critics received, the genetic conference is not guaranteed.
The self-proclaimed medical experiment was not independently verified. The Chinese team has not published its results in the scientific journal.
Experiment "very problematic"
After the announcement, many Chinese scientists and organizations criticized this experiment.
From February to February, he warned the university that he was receiving his salary and the transformation that we considered was "the violation of the academic and ethical criteria of its norm".
"This research was excluded from the university environment," the Southern Science and Technology University said on Monday in a statement.
One hundred Chinese scientists have also criticized the experiment and called for the in vitro fertilization legislation to be modified.
In addition, the international critics criticized the announcement on a YouTube video.
"These results predict videos on YouTube are very practical scientific problems," said Nicholas Evans, a professor of philosophy at Lowell University in Massachusetts, in the United States, working on bioethical issues.
"This eliminates the process of control over many scientific advances, such as peer evaluation," he added, because AFP questioned it.
If it is reported, the issue creates "serious ethical concerns", said Sarah Chan, from the University of Edinburgh, referred to by the Science Media Center.
"Talking about these claims seems to be most fraudulent (…) deliberately fraudulent," he added.
He did not immediately answer questions from AFP.