The Provincial Council of the Ministry of Health affirmed. What is and how does the disease prevent it?
The Ministry of Health of Misiones confirmed this week that in 2018 cases of leprosy were in 36 cases in the province. This chronic infectious disease affects about 10,000 inhabitants two decades ago, and its effects are known, but nowadays it is much smaller and can be a success.
"Leprosy is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium Leprae or Hansen Bacillus, a bacillus that was discovered in the 19th century, treated with antibiotics and healed. Since 1985, Argentina has approved the scheme of the World Health Organization (WHO) with three high levels of efficacy three drugs at the same time, "explained Dermatologist, Raul Valdez, in PERFIL interview.
The specialist added that "until 20 years ago, the cause of leprosy was due to a public health problem, with a patient of 10,000, but in 1983, Argentina's law of leprosy changed, which is a mandatory and free treatment. The compulsory admission was no longer necessary.
Characteristics of leprosy:
– It mainly affects the skin and peripheral nerves
– Cold, heat and / or pain usually appear as sensitivity without stains
-Garage transmission is a direct and long-lasting contact
– Registered area where most provinces are in the North and Northeast: Misiones, Chaco, Formosa, Corrientes.
-It's usually cold, hot, and pain appear as unpredictable spots.
– Cold, heat and / or pain usually appear as sensitivity without stains.
In this context, the Australian University Hospital specialist details how to change the concept of the disease over the last few years: "Dr. Luis María Baliña says that leprologia is a change in the law proposed in 1983, and it is mandatory and free treatment, and it is not & # 39; hospitalization & # 39; because it's more effective than an antibiotic than limiting a person, which makes history of leprosy change. "
"There has been a significant drop in Argentina since 1985. In 2016 only 300 cases of leprosy were confirmed," he added.
"The treatment against leprosy is effective and effective," says Dr. Raúl Valdez
"Today, the diagnosis becomes easy: with a clinical study, a biopsy is performed, a bacteriological study is carried out and on that day the patient begins treatment. It is important to be effective and effective, after two weeks of taking, the patient continues to be infectious and this relieves the family "explained the expert.
The specialist indicates the stages of the illness:
-Incubation If a patient goes out and I suspect that this is a leper, the diagnosis can be done in 24 hours. However, this person can incubate the disease, knowing it 1 or 2 years without.
all symptoms The doctor's best ally is if you hurt pain, go to the professional. Leprosy affects not only the skin but also the peripheral nervous system, the patient does not feel it. When it's an egg or nail in your footwear, you do not feel it and that's striking, being part of your body or stain. The reason for the query & # 39; I'm not feeling & # 39; da.
-Contagio. Pollution occurs from one person to another and has a closed relationship, that is, relatives. Neighbors have homes and homes with the same roof, that is, our risk group. Contamination occurs primarily in the mouth, but only for touching the skin, but this is not the case. It takes a long and intimate contact.
-Follow. The efficacy of leprosy treatment is 95%, much in medicine. We offer a two year pharmacological discharge given to the patient of the leprosy, that is to say, that it does not take more medications and it has not been ratified for five years. That is to say, the partial discharge is granted.
Leprosarium. "In 1929, Pedro Baliña (father Luis), dermatologist and leprosy, proposed the law of hospitalization, the leprosy in Argentina, one of them San Francisco de Cheñar (Córdoba) and another Baldomero Sommer (Buenos Aires), now operating as a general hospital those who are ", recalled Valdez.
"Many of the liposuctors confirmed that the antibiotics did not respond at that time, the only solution to society was to isolate the infectious diseases, the same thing happened with those who had tuberculosis," said the expert.
"In 1983, when Luis Baliña continued to change the law, all patients with leprosy were required to provide compulsory treatment of the State and not a mandatory hospitalization, given the most effective antibiotics. More effective and less costly, for example, leprosolators were opened as centers of health "he concluded.