DELHI BERRIA – India, Japan and other remote-world countries are becoming more realistic: Earth's orbit has become a dangerous place to compete in the U.S., China and Russia to control the final limit.
Because the satellites threaten new satellites with new space spaces or sophisticated hacking, governments do not think of their space programs as a scientific one, but as a worrying security in national security.
China has a sophisticated military space space, "said Rajeswari Pillai Rajagopalan, Head of the Nervous and Political Science Initiative, at the Observer Research Foundation, an independent Indian thinker. Thus, countries like India and Japan, who have pushed space development into a "peaceful and peaceful perspective", are increasingly developing military features.
This explains the latest decision in India and Japan in March to launch an Space Dialogue. Countries want to collaborate on lake exploration and security, including sharing of surveillance.
New Delhi is nervous, China's desire for the influence of the Indian Ocean has not been secured. It created a Chinese Navy Base in Djibouti, in the African Horn Ad Portal. The Guantánamo port in Sri Lanka achieved a 99-year warranty. Maldiv participates in development projects.
Beijing sets out its "potential future use", said Rajagopalan. India said it had "participated in the space defense race", if it improves its capabilities, "they will face disadvantages in the conflicts".
India has been established as a budget satellite business. Source Marsen placed in orbit during 2014, which cost US $ 76 million. But China's capacity for monitoring activities continues to improve, and is part of Japan's cooperation.
It became an indigenous force in the Defense of the Expedition in 19th, the country launched its third military communications satellite, GSAT-7A. The satellites will be connected to ground-based radars, bases and military aircraft, as well as drone control networks.
Japan, meanwhile, took into account in December the publication of national defense policies. Takeshi Iwaya, Minister of Defense, said the expedition, the cybernetic and electromagnetic pulse or EMPi attacks were the main concerns in a security environment that is developing "tremendous speed".
All this is to increase the technological competition between the United States and China.
A distant craftman on the moon succeeded in landing on China last Thursday. At the end of December, China also achieved its global coverage with BeiDou Marine Navigation System. Only U.S., Russia and the European Union had the capability.
China launched a Mars explorer in 2020 and completed the entire space station that orbit Earth around 2022.
These are seemingly peaceful, and Beijing promotes international cooperation. Eventually, he announced that it would open its space station to all the members of the United Nations.
"China's space station is now only in China and in the world," Shi Zhongjun, the Chinese Ambassador, said in the Xinhua News Agency in the United States.
But China's breakthroughs include clear geopolitical and military implications, experts say.
Dean Cheng, senior researcher of the United States Heritage Foundation, called the Moon mission "tremendous scientific achievement." Still, he warned, "China has always seen their space program as a political message," said Cheng.
"Developing an advanced space capability," he said, "will be used for political and military purposes."
Japanese and Japanese civil servants will be able to test the backdrop of an amazing Chinese test carried out in 2007. Beijing destroyed its satellite weather with a weapon, which was the third country after the Soviet Union. In the US
"The devastating Russian and Chinese ASAT (anti-satellite weapons) will probably have initial operational capabilities in the coming years," announced U.S. Intelligence Community World Assessment of the 2018 Amenity.
The United States, meanwhile, is becoming more voiced in space as a new battle and changing its military structure. In December, President Donald Trump ordered the Department of Defense to create the Space Command as the forerunner of the Space Force.
While Vice President Mike Pence announced in August a vision of the Pentagon's space strength, he said: "As these actions clearly show, our enemies have transformed the domain of war-fighting, and the United States does not diminish this challenge."
To find out how to defend the satellites and other space assets, it can be the greatest challenge for everyone. Yasuhito Fukushima, a Japanese National Institute of Defense Institute, said: "What is complicated in space is that it is a serious offense over the defense".
1,957 satellite satellites were active in Earth after 30 years, according to Scientists worried by the Union, a nonprofit United States awareness group. It was the most far away in America, 849 or 43%. China was number 2, 284, and 152 after Russia.
Japan and India joined 132-75 for the first and 57 for the second.
What can be done to protect satellites?
Japan, India and other countries increasingly emphasize the concept of space awareness, or SSA. The term refers to systems that keep the conditions and threats of space in space – waste from satellites killers using radar and sensors on the ground.
India plans to set 5 large dock stations and more than 500 small facilities in five countries: Bhutan, Nepal, Maldives, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.
They are also broader diplomatic problems, which impose world powers on the rule of law or on the non-conduct code of the space. However, they do not see the eye.
The European Union tried to promote "soft law" around international space activities, gaining support from the United States, Japan, Australia and elsewhere. China and Russia refused, and at the beginning of India it also opposed the emergence of developing countries' norms against European standards.
"China and Russia have consistently held their own anti-trust proposals to develop their satellite weapons"
Dean Cheng, senior senior researcher
China and Russia have their own proposal to prohibit space weapons under the Geneva Convention of Disarmament. The U.S. opposes the possibility of directing weapons that are not being discussed against the proposal and making space assets impossible.
"China and Russia are continuously presenting self-service proposals that will not limit their development of satellite weapons," said Cheng.
Rajagopalan said that India did not accept a voluntary covenant between China and Russia, partly because of "so much ambiguity." But India wanted to have an active role. "If the Indian does not sit down and become an active part, [it] they do not have their upper hand ".
In every way, the agreement of superpowers will always be difficult. It leaves Japan and India to find its strategies and solutions.
Asked about Indian and Japanese conversation, Cheng said the two countries "are clearly inadequate in Chinese strategic development."
"Cooperation and widespread defense and foreign policy cooperation that we already see will be the most important context of Asian security in the next decade."
Nikkei employee writer Yuji Kuronuma in New Delhi and Nikkei Asia's politician and economics news editor Yujin Yanas in Tokio's local report.