It is the first spacecraft to examine the heart of Mars. And on Monday at 19:53 they will start on the red planet.
Mission InSight It has a tool that allows you to drill on the surface of the surface, never reach it and measure the seismic movements of the red planet.
InSight, with the NASA project, will be part of the European partners The first mission to place seismographs in the Martian soil.
- "Mart had water and it was hot for a long time to stay on Earth"
He went to the ship on May 5, and if the earth happened on Monday, it would be made according to the plan spectacular achievement.
It's so difficult for Mars to land Two thirds of the attempts failed.
Why is it so hard on Mars?
The probe that weighs six meters long and 700 pounds is a land in the region called Elyseum PlanitiaNASA describes the "Mart's Most Large Park".
To go down in the right spot, InSight March must enter the atmosphere in a 24 km radius of 10 km.
The maneuvering down the surface and the surface area are very complex.
Sonda Martian's atmosphere comes at a speed Six times higher speed bullet and it has to be significantly reduced, he explained Jonathan AmosBBC science correspondent.
The final European attempt in 2016 ended with a surge in the surface.
The InSight Martian atmosphere will fit into 19,800 kilometers per hour and reduce its speed to 8 km / h. That extreme deceleration should occur in less than seven minutes.
- A magnificent discovery of the first lake of Mars Water
However, Mars's atmosphere is only 1% of the Earth's atmosphere density, there is little friction to reduce the speed of the ships.
NASA expects the combination of its instruments: it will withstand hot capsules, laxs and retro-rockets.
When a US space agency enters the Martian environment, the capsule temperature must be about 1,500 degrees.
"We have done everything we need to achieve," he said. Julie Wertz Chen, one of the mission scientists.
"But it really is very difficult to place the planet in another land."
"We do not say we dare to get it easy, you never know what Mars may surprise you."
InSight will make one first Detailed x-ray of Mars and 728 days will be left on the red planet, Martian year or two around the Earth.
The name of the estate is an internal exploration acronym for seismic research, geodesy and heat transport (seismic analysis, geodesy and heat transport exploration).
The seismometers of the ship, British and French, will catch up Martian earthquakes caused by tectonic movements or meteorites.
And to analyze the seismic vibrations, the underground layers of Mars are located between the Earth's surface, mantle and nuclear.
"An earthquake is like a flash of a lamp," explained the mission's chief scientist, Bruce Banerdt.
"Seismic islands illuminate the planet. The seismometer is a camera that combines these images with a wave. Pixel pixels reconstruct the 3D representation of the planet's interior ".
Another instrument will penetrate Martian Earthquake five meters deep to measure the amount that escapes the interior of the planet.
In addition, fiber develops a device developed by Spanish scientists from Twins to measure the wind speed and temperature and measure the variations in planetary variation.
Mars and Earth
"Scientists know the Earth's internal structure and have models that explain the beginning of the Solar System over 4,500 million years ago," he explained. Jonathan AmosBBC Science Correspondent, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), English, California acronym, landing of the controlling operation center.
"But the Earth's history is just a window, and Mars will better understand how many amazing planets are going to be made for many years," Amos added.
InSight will help astronomers understand why Mars and Earth's evolution was so different and what elements were essential to live our planet.
two miniature space ship Mars Cube One calls together, either framework, InSight was able to take off at a good start, and took part in NASA's other experiments in Mars.
MarCO is the first mission in the CubeSats space, a class of ships that uses miniature technology.
If MARCO arrives successfully with Martor, InSight will convey the atmosphere of Martian to the atmosphere and land, and NASA can live straight through the television.
If the experiment is carried out, it may be the beginning of a new type of data communication in the Earth's space mission, depending on the space agency.
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