Friday , May 20 2022

More and more people are getting "dry eye" syndrome


Leicemic Syndrome 3 people with about 10 people can influence the weather and environmental pollution and their ability to perform in daily activities.

There are increasingly more cases of dry eye syndrome in the visitor's consultations, especially as large cities have environmental pollution, a closed environmentally-friendly air conditioning and exposure to the screen.

In addition, women are more prone to over 40 years of age.

"Dry eye" is called the tear production, such as eye irritation and the use of itching and discomfort.

In addition, experts have stressed that treatment can not cause serious consequences.

"It's always a constant friction with the eye and the friction can cause damage. We can graphically say that your eyes work like a washing machine like a car wash machine – if you turn on dry glass, it will break it and it will deteriorate, what happens with the body and the cornea: without lubrication, eyelid It hurts, "explains Alejandro Aguilar, an ophthalmologist specializing in ocular surface disease, the founder and former President of the Ocular Surface Association of Argentina.

"It is a multifactorial syndrome that can affect up to 30% of the population. In some cases, more exposure to the screen is increasingly identified, artificial and natural environmental changes and improved diagnostic methods have been improved," said Aguilar.

Exposure to dry weather and wind, as well as smoke and air conditioning, will facilitate tear evaporation, thus preventing the contact of these irritating conditions to develop dry eyes or relief. They suffer

Alejandro Berra, the chief investigator of Conicet and the president of the SASO, said "the symptoms increase in dry eyes and live in large cities, such as Buenos Aires," and states that "the dry eye of an infected environment will be a" worsening " .

"A few years ago, we worked with the heads of the Los Glaciares National Park, where the tears of 8 to 11 hours were distributed between 14-20 seconds, with a tear that lasts for 10 seconds in average, and that does not have a dry eye. In the case of a person living in the area, it is divided into 7-8 seconds.

This means that, with less pollution, tears improve interference between the particles in the air and visual quality. In any case, it does not mean that those living in uninfected areas will not develop dry eyes, as they are other conditions that develop, "explains Berra.

Additionally, with more than 5 hours of the day, this situation should appear with the PC, mobile phone or TV screen view.

However, Mexican investigations found that 86.4% of those who participated in the ophthalmic consultation were compatible with dry eye symptoms.
"Those who have more time in front of the screen, fewer gestures, and so the tears evaporate faster, often the devices are not ergonomically located, nor the proper distance, even though the brightness of the device can also be calibrated," it's called Berra.

Those who can not rule out work-related daily quotas, recommend experts to periodic advice on the computer, even if they are reading or doing other tasks that require visual concentration.

Some other recommendations that work during more than four hours before a computer are: the annual consultant of the ophthalmologist (if there is no pathological eye of the head); If you are wearing glasses, review once a year or twice a year; Use eye lubricants for 6 or 8 hours during work; 30-minute outer, away from the screen and neck and body movements.

Fonts between 11 and 12 points may also be useful, limiting the use of video games for a day or two hours.

More frequent syndrome in older women

Even though the age range of dry eye syndrome appears variable, symptoms of ophthalmologists are visited in people over 40 years of age and in women, when the syndrome is very common in climate.

In fact, menopause-related hormonal changes are one of the main causes that affects women with dry eyes.
This is because hormonal changes become an alteration to produce tears. And they are only hormonal changes that occur in menopause. The different conditions that affect the functioning of the trimming gland or its tubing, such as autoimmune diseases such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis, reduce the secretion of tears and, consequently, develop dry eye syndrome.

Treatment and preventive measures

Due to the severity of dry eye syndrome and its symptoms, traditional treatment is pharmacological and local, using artificial lubricants, drops, gels or lotions.

In more severe cases, such as autologous serological tumors or immunodulatory drugs, eyedrops are often used to prevent teary tears from implants.

In any case, the main purpose of the treatment is to recover the stability of the ocular surface and the tear film, breaking the circle of condition.
The general measurements of glasses with sunlight and parabolen use are also very useful depending on the environmental conditions.

Other useful measures are: no smoke or indirect smoke, direct wind and air conditioning; use a humidifier, especially in the winter; allergies and cold medications reduce the dryness of the ocular surface and reduce the symptoms; It often makes a little gesture and your eyes break from time to time; Lasers regularly clean and heat compresses.

The appropriate and appropriate treatment of dry eye syndrome allows the progression of its progression, due to the corneal damage, may cause ulcers, although, in advanced cases, it may need a cornea transplant.

This transplant is a surgery intervention through which corneal injuries, infections, corneal deformities or degenerations represent a healthy cornea. (NA)


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