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Nancy Roman, an astronomer celebrated as the "mother" of Hubble



Roman has contributed greatly to developing, financing and promoting technology to help scientists see clearer Earth's atmosphere.

"Astronomers have long wanted to watch over the atmosphere, looking around for a bit of an antique and stained piece," Roman said American voice In 2011 "Glass has flaws, so the image blurs."

NASA revealed that the agency was named "the first astronomical mission," in 1962 it was placed on the Orbiting Solar Observatory-1 to measure the electromagnetic radiation of the sun, among other things.

Scientists and engineers also coordinated the market for geodetic satellites, land measurement and mapping, and some astronomical orbital observatories offering discoveries that provide observation technology over the veil of the atmosphere.

But perhaps the Hubble space station was first associated with the first telescope, the first major telescope to collect and photograph the universe. Hubble is widely known as the most significant astronomical observation since the Galileo telescope began in the early 1600s.

Hubble's design and startup was full of scientific, financial and bureaucratic difficulties that were solved by the Romans. Hubble's initial outlook for lobbies, when the price tag reached $ 1,500 million, reminded America once more that it cost a film ticket to ensure years of scientific discoveries.

The Hubble space telescope ended in 1989 before the last payment was made.

The Hubble space telescope ended in 1989 before the last payment was made.Credit:SMH

"At the beginning of the 1960s and early 1970s, no one had anything to do with NASA to fund and complete the first designs and concepts of Hubble," wrote Robert Zimmerman, historian of the space. The Universe in a MirrorHubble's creation account. "It was more important [Dr. Roman] beyond the Spanish astronomer, the astronomical community is more than convinced. "

The telescope did not start until 1990, because the Romans spent more than ten years, but when it was done, the photos of the cosmos were electrified in the world.

In 1994, when NASA announced the solution to other problems that caused the faulty mirror and other photography, the Romans had a hearing.

Edward J. Weiler, the senior scientist at Hubble, surprised publicly, according to Zimmerman's account. "If Lyman Spitzer was the father of Hubble space telescope," said Weiler, regarding the astrophysicist, "then Nancy was her mother."

Nancy Grace Roman was born in Nashville on May 16, 1925. He was a geophysical father with the Geological Pond. Her mother was a former music teacher and she liked the stars staring at stars outside.

When Romain was 11 years old when he founded the astronomy club, he moved to his father in Baltimore, where he graduated from high school. Graduated from Swarthmore College in Pennsylvania from 1946 to PhD in Chicago from 1949 to astronomy.

After working at the University of Chicago and the Yerkes Observatory in Wisconsin, he was recruited by the Naval Research Laboratory in 1955, working at radio astronomy. NASA was created three years later, among the first Roman workers. He spent the last part of his career at the Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt (Maryland), where he looked after the Astronomy Data Center.

In honor of her, she received the Aerospace Lifestyle Achievement Award and the Special NASA Science Expert Award. She promoted professional opportunities for women through the Women's American Association of the University and often spoke to her children to face the challenges of science.

Dr. Roman, at Chevy Chase, lived in Martyland, during his death and survived.

In 2017, Lego released a series of figurines that represented four famous NASA women pioneers: Sally Ride, the first American woman to travel in space; Mae Jemison, the first African American in space; Margaret Hamilton, the computer programmer that created the necessary software for Apollo missions; and Roman PhD.

"I'm glad," he said once Science The magazine, "I have not neglected many people who had an astronomer."

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