Wednesday , October 20 2021

NELIOTA project Views light the light across the surface of the moon



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Learn from Lunar Lights

Since March 2017, the project NELIOTA is controlling the dark side of the Moon, due to the small rock that is called the moonlight by the brightness of the light. Following 12 frames, this sequence shows bright glare detected in 4 frames when viewed on March 1, 2017. The red arrow places the effect on the flash position near the edge of the frame.

Watching the moon in a few hours, ESA's "NELIOTA" The project illuminates the bright light of the light across its surface – the result of an object that is growing in space and the speed at which our neighbor is a helpless protector. Based on the Kryonian telescope of the Foreign National Observatory, an important project is being extended to 20 January 2021.

SMART 1 Shackleton Crater View

This image shows the Moon Imaging Experiment (AMIE) Advanced, in the spacecraft SMART-1 of the ESA, Shackleton crater on the Moon. AMIE achieved this image on January 13, 2006, close to the hours of the Polish Sea Islands, with a surface area of ​​646 km and a surface of 60 meters. The Shackleton crater is located in a lunar South Pole, 89.54 ° South latitude and 0 ° East longitude, and 19 km in diameter.

The past of the moon, the future of the earth

The brightness of the effect is said to be "transitory lunar events", although they are commonly used as fleeting events, they only have the duration of the second parts. This makes it harder to study, and consequently the objects that arise are very small to see if it is impossible to predict.

That's why scientists are studying the lunar shadows of great interest, not only about the moon and its history, but also about the Earth and the future.

Looking at lunar influences, NELIO (NEO Lunar Impacts and Optical TrAnsients) aims to determine the size and distribution of nearby Earth objects (NEO): meteoroids, asteroids, or comets. With this information, it is possible to understand the risk of these rocks in the Earth's surface.

The world's greatest eye on the moon

In February 2017, a 22-month campaign began to measure the lunar flashes, with the Kryonian telescope, the Earth's largest telescope to continue Moon Moon.

The brightness of the light caused by the moon's influences is brighter than the reflecting sunlight on the moon. That is why we can only see these dimples in the "dark side of the moon" – the moon and the first square, and the last quarter and the new moon. The moon must be above the horizon, and watching it needs a fast-moving camera, like the Andor Zyla sCMOS used in the NELIOTA project.

Lunar Impact Shine Detected

The NELIOTA project on the map has been detected between February 2017 and December 2018.

So far, in 90 hours of possible factors of these factors, 55 lunar events have been influenced. Extrapolated by this data, scientists calculate an average brightness of almost 8 hours over the surface of the Moon. Expand observation campaign for the year 2021, improve data impact impact statistics.

The NELIOTA system uses the 1.2 m-telescope to control Moon, and therefore displays the lights in two dimensions rather than the other lunar monitoring programs. This usually uses 0.5 m-telescopes or smaller.

Another special feature of the NELIOTA project is the Moon's ability to control two "photometric bands". In fact, newly published publications have recently published the ability to determine the temperature of the lunar flasks: from 1300 C to 2800 C.

Modern vision of the ancient phenomenon

For at least a thousand years, people are lighting up the lights to illuminate the Moon regions, but the telescopes and the cameras have had more strength to characterize the size, speed and frequency of these events.

As long as our planet has been bombarding objects and realities in space, we have more existence than ever before, so we can now make our tasks more precise than ever.

The NELIOTA project is funded by the ESA Science Program and is an exciting part of the ESA Awareness Awareness Program, building space and ground infrastructures to control and understand the Earth's dangers.

Today, the Flyeye telescope is a process to configure a network around the world to scan horizons of dangerous asteroids, including the Moon.

In the future, ESA is committed to alleviate and activate the active defense of the planet, and is currently planning Hera's amber mission to test the deflection of asteroids.

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