The loyal robots are in our solar system, in the vicinity or in the vicinity, in 2019 we are reminded of new things. We need to prepare our new telescopes, larger, bad and new telescopes for preparation. nobody has seen it before. So, here's a look at all the things that come up in the next 12 months.
January is a busy month.
On January 1, the New Horizons trips, traveling for 13 years through Jupiter and Pluto, will be the 2014 MU69, known as Ultima Thule. One of the oldest objects in the solar system and the world's farthest yet to come. Although it's just 30 km in diameter, Ultima Thule is part of the Kuiper belt, a ring surrounding the sun, about 4.5 billion miles from the Earth, outside our Solar neighborhood. The ring is disturbed by the formation of planetary solar systems. These objects have changed, essentially, constantly changing, from the outside of the sun's nebula to ice and dusting when our Solar is a single baby. New Horizons has 24 hours of observation and analysis of Ultima Thule with its tools. Astronomers are in a position to find out what they can do, and it may also be an atmosphere.
"We want to see the appearance of the Earth – things like mistakes, sublimation pits or nails, and perhaps volcanic winds. Also, rings, the moon, and finally, are key, we want to know that Ultima objects one or two objects together. That's it, "says Kirby Daniel Runyon, Geomorphologic Planet of the Johns Hopkins University. "We never have ever explored the cold classic Kuiper black object, so we believe we will enjoy the geological surface and composition, especially since the creation of more than 5 million years ago."
Also, in January, the newly-tested Land Mars InSight will start up and deploy various tools. The heat probe will measure the size of the planet's heat and its seismometer will be ready to detect the filters. "The only other body with seismic data is the Moon, and it is a direct result based on the mission of Apollo, where geophysical locations spread," says Mark Wieczor, planetary scientist, Paris Diderot. Mars InSight is a university and researcher at the mission.
"The Apolo network received data up to 1977 and, as a result of seismic data, we know the thickness of the soil, the moon's lunar size and the seismic activity of the moon, that is, correlation with the Earth's generated tides. We do not have other comparable data sets on the planet's planet. InSight in-situ geophysical data is likely to understand how geologists create, differentiate and evolve Mars. "InSight begins to send data coming from March 2019.
On January 30, India will launch Chandrayaan-2 – its second lunar mission, landing and picking up a vehicle, and looking for large plains between two craters, Manzinus C and Simpelius N, next to the Polar South Pole. It would be the first visit of humanity to one of Moon's poles. Chandrayaan-2 orbit, however, will be a new landmark explorer, as a Chinese fisherman who reaches the far side of the Moon.
Do you remember Google Lunar XPrize, which competed for a series of team work, earning $ 30 million? Well, competition was a huge gap, and so far it has not got any missions. One of SpaceIL's groups is the Earth's purpose in January, its lunar plot receives SpaceX Falcon 9's secondary charge and will be separated from Falcon 9 to 60,000 km altitude, which will become an Earth's elliptical orbit. Moon ahead of time. Fingers Crossing
If you live in America, you are in another lunar treatment, the full moon eclipse on January 20 and 21.
A few years ago, human beings gained a new sense – with gravity – they hit black holes and neutron stars with the first gravitational wave detection. Two observations on gravitational waves, the US-based Laser Interferometer Wave Gravitation Observatory (LIGO), and another Italian Virgo, will restore work after a long period of time. His first observations gave Albert Einstein more assertions as to the general theory of relativity. When connected to three detectors, they are expected to detect more wave gravitational waves on the Earth, to bring cataclysmic distance closer to the universe for millions of years.
In March, the United States is preparing their space-manned crews to bring the Boeing CST-100 Starliner crew capsules into orbit. Use the plan capsule from the international space station to astronauts. Right now, only (and back) Soyuz capsules are available in Russian (and back).
Boeing's capsule is part of the NASA's Commercial Crew Development (CCDev) program. For almost 10 years, although the program has not yet been launched, 2019 has seen many of them. Boeing CST-100 will soon be launching SpaceX Dragon V2.
The March test flight will be closely monitored to meet the most demanding NASA certifications before the astronauts reach the ISS. The CST-100 Starliner launches Space Launch Complex at the Atlas V 41 at Rock Canaveral Air Force Station.
In June, it will probably be the turn of SpaceX's Elon Musk to prepare for a space crewed American crew. SpaceX is a mystery, because it is a private company, unlike Tesla, to shareholders. But in June, SpaceX's horse work, the Falcon 9 rocket, will bring its first human to space, if there is no delay. Astronauts NASAs are training Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley to fly SpaceX's Crew Dragon Demo-2 mission. With the best luck.
It will test the Nasa Orion Nuclear space and the European Service Module as a unit, even though it is grounded in its spatial environment. This "Stack" has been designed to create a previously unlocked space, which is significant, the first system used by Nasa in Europe: ESA (European Space Agency) and Airbus Defense and Space – a US state-of-the-art power station. Orion is designed to carry astronauts a day and beyond.
On July 2, the entire eclipse of the sun was prepared, based on the southern Pacific Ocean, Chile and Argentina.
And on July 20th celebrates the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11, scattered on the moon by the first two people. Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin left the Earth on July 16, 1969, and lunar Eagle modules were carried out four days later at 20:17 UTC and then went on the Moon. Well, it was not over, but they left little remnant. And a flag. The celebrations of the NASA have begun, and will continue until December 2022, to mark the entire Apollo program. A dozen Americans landed on the Moon between July and December 1969.
In August, Boeing sends human beings to space, with their first commercial flight commercial test. NASA astronauts Eric Boe and Nicole Aunapu Mann and Boeing Chris Ferguson are astronauts off locked.
The OSIRIS-REx NSA (Sources, Spectroscopy Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security, Regolith Explorer) asteroid-based Bennu asteroid probes will continue with the help of five different instruments until the end of September. The handmade reached 500 meters wide at the beginning of December after a two-year and two-million-mile trip to Earth. It will be for two years and a half for another two years, will study the composition, map out the surface and choose the best option for obtaining a sample of the regulation (top soil). It is supposed to happen that the sampling takes place in mid-2020, when the test is dropping out of the basin and trying to get some 60g of the rule. OSIRIS-REX returns to home in 2023.
October / November
In mid-October and mid-October, the European Space Agency will launch a new space telescope, the Exoplanet Satellite or the CHEOPS. Solar energy will be analyzed outside the solar system, which shines nearer to the bright star; The mission will last for three and a half years.
Note to astronomers: on November 11, Mercury will move through the Sun's face and, at least, it will be visible in America, Europe and Africa. Get your telescopes and binoculars ready!
Until the end of 2019, Spitzer, one of the Nasa's Great Observatories, the veteran of the Hubble Space Telescope and James Webb's Space Telescope. Spitzer is a infrared space telescope and was launched in 2003. The Large Observatories have four space telescopes to study the universe in different optical waves. While Spitzer is looking at the infrared space, while Hubble is examining ultra-modern ultraviolet light, Compton Gamma Ray Observatory – gamma rays and the Chandra X-Ray Observatory use rays radiation.
For more than 16 years, Spitzer has imitated the farthest galaxies in the universe and created one of the most accurate Milky Way maps. In the following years Spitzer planned to collect planning and was instrumental discovery of TRAPPIST-1, seven rocky, Earth-size planet. Three of these planet's, researchers believe, can protect life.
Spitzers will enter mission-end activities and will close in January 2020. "A telescope lasting more than five years lasting more than 16 years in space," says Matthew Segal. Nasa Jet Propulsion Laboratory in media relations.
In December, Japan's Hayabusa-2 probe, now known as Ryugu's asteroid, is to return to Earth, with a sample of asteroids. The craftsman arrived in the city every week for a three-year-and-a-half-hour trip.
One year, China sent another to the moon, Chang & # 39; E-5. Its adjacent pillar, Chang & # 39; E-4, left Earth December and is now on the way to the Moon. Chang & # 5; wants to land in the Mons Rumker region of Oceanus Procellarum, and take it back and take a two-dimensional bag.
No wonder the new "new" one. There are also plenty of missions to give. Be careful …
Mars Curiosity Rover will continue to send data. At the beginning of the year, it will take the final drill sample Mt. Sharp will represent the next phase of its mission.
Parker Solar Probe will continue to "Sun kiss".
The Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) has found farthest planet near nearest, because the stars are quite bright.
Some progress will be made in the Quieter Supersonic Flight X-59 test aircraft construction.
Cold Atom Laboratory was the first cold atom in 2018 in orbit (and only a few cold air atoms in a few minutes). In 2019, we want to see the results of the sciences from this installation, because physicists offer a unique environment for analyzing light behaviors of atoms.
Voyager 2 will send new data on the universal space, especially because the plasma science experiment is still working. (Voyager 1 on a good pastor, this experiment has failed.) Plasma "is a material that fills the space between our stars in the galaxy. All that is empty space with these things (and cosmic rays) and scuba diving are now entering," says Segal.
There will be a lot of 2020 Mars in 2020 as missions start up in 2020. Mars is another mission, this time, a current manager will join all other Red Planet robots. In July or August, 2020 launches and adventurers, among others, will investigate the life of their past in Marte.
This year, Nasa signed an agreement with nine trading companies working on lunar missions. All of these will now be delivered to NASA's delivery services through the Lunar Payload Services contract to provide a lunar surface – to explore the moon and explore human and, perhaps, Mars. "This will complement a new business plan for planetary development, and the space community will be the time of Saturday's long-awaited access to Saturday, Apollo has been working on the moon for almost 50 years," says John Thornton, the managing director of Astrobot, a company that develops a lunar plot.
Eventually, Horizonte Telescope event, a network around the world around 20 telescopes around the world, represents the real horizon of the black hole: the limit of a black hole can never cross or escape, including the light. The Mega virtual telescope is intended to represent the largest black hole in the Earth's vision, and we are currently looking at data from 2017 – 27 Petabytes (!) Accumulated. "It will try to predict predictions like general relativity, and apparently, we will uncover two black holes, size and properties: Sgr A * in our midst of Milky Way, and super-massive black hole in the center of M87," says Ethan Siegel, astrophysician.
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