In more than 10 kilometers of Yellowstone National Park, at the edge of the boiler, scientists from the State University of Montana call it an "incredible, unique and really curious" community with an altitude community.
The microorganism community lives in hot blue silver at 8,600 foot sea levels in the continental range. Volcanic breakfast is a swimming pool that combines rainfall and rainwater with a high level of diversity due to an exceptional phenomenon, said Dan Colman, assistant lecturer at the Department of Microbiology and Immunology at the Agricultural School and Letters College. Science
Colman discovered more microbial biodiversity than in a miniature-sized sample, nowadays it wants to combine all of Yellowstone's animal and plant biodiversity. They were bacteria and others were Archaea in three domains of two lives, and less than half of them were detected in hydrothermal systems. Some may have modern-day relatives of ancient microbes, perhaps reflecting on life on Earth's life and the potential life of other planets.
"We believe that this work is broadly implicated in multiple disciplines," said Colman, a author of a scientific paper, in the sources of heat called Smoke Jumper 3 or SJ3, discovered by MSU.
The paper was published on February 8 in the online magazine Nature Communications. The interviewers were Associate Professor Eric Boyd and Melody Lindsay, both in the Department of Microbiology and Immunology.
Boyd has said that the only role is that the diversity found in a hot spring is not described; Similarly, this diversity recognizes the conditions that are developed and maintained.
"I have a lot of people interested in finding diversity, which is the goal, which is admirable," Boyd said. "What did he know about why he is. Why is so much diversity and why are they more diverse than others?"
Colmen has the unique geochemistry of Smoke Jumper Geyser Basin, especially SJ3. SJ3 said that knowing that geological processes are rising volcanic gas that increases hydrothermal systems and at the same time recognizes microbial life dependent on chemical sources of energy.
"We show that, due to the geographic location, one of the largest volcanic volcanoes in the world is found," he said. "SJ3 is located at an altitude above the continent distribution, which prevents deep hydrothermal deep aquifers in these waters.
Colman said that SJ3 and other similar sources feed on large volumes of volcanic water boiling water as they rise to the surface. These gases can be mixed in nearby waters, such as the latest precipitation or melted snow.
The volcanic gas that ends up in SJ3 in the atmosphere is very different from the lack of oxygen. Rather, volcanic gas is enriched with hydrogen, methane and carbon monoxide, while it infiltrates with water, it is highly oxygenated, or oxygen is rich. Different types of fluids are confused, probably to obtain better conditions that support microbial life, offering new opportunities for greater diversity and "gasy" environments.
Comparing SJ3 to a buffet, Colman said: "It attracts more food to more people and attracts them to different kinds, so it offers a variety of chemical conditions for hot spring."
So why did MSU researchers focus on that hot spring that Yellowstone investigated about 14,000 cold sources?
Substitutes for the light instead of the light instead of the chemicals are interested in the role of hydrogen that promotes the energy of microbes, Boyd said that the hot Smoke Jumper and other hot springs of the park were investigated at the beginning of the 1920s and 1930s by the scientists at the Carnegie Institute in Washington. The discoveries were discovered in 1935, and then the work carried out by the US Survey Geology reported volumes of volcanic gas in the Smoke Jumper Geyser Basin. Knowing this, Boyd and the other four spent a day in Yellowstone in July 2014, collecting SJ3 and three springs of nearby springs.
"The hot spring look will not necessarily tell you how biodiversity is," Boyd said. "But even if we measured the spring pH and other measurements, we were giving it a special spring."
According to Colman, he was required to test genetic sequencing for a further three years to analyze the diversity of the microbial community. Most cold sources have microorganisms, some microorganisms. Almost half of the well-known microorganism groups living in the country, that is, dozens of decades of clay and archeological and single-clay.
"Additionally, many of the lineages detected in SJ3 have recently been closely monitored, the evolution of metanogenesis (methane biological generation), as well as the unknown types of methanogens, as well as the collection of deep microbial tribes, related to infrastructure environments and other enigmatic lines," said Colman. "The supplementary studies of these systems and the intriguing organisms within them will probably provide important insight into microbiological microorganisms and will clearly see the evolution of biogeochemical processes."