In the last year, it had enormous abilities to explore human space, and 2019 was not different. From the mysterious Kuiper rings and the Mars probes to the historical rockets and the sun, they are in store for the next 12 months.
New Horizons will find Ultima Thule
In 2019, NASA's New Horizons will visit Ultima Thule, the mysterious object of the 6.5-million-km Kuiper ring. On January 1, at 12:33, EST on January 1, the speed of the past Ultima Thule reaches 50,694 kilometers per hour (50,700 kilometers per hour), taking as many photos as possible between 98 and 230 meters (30 to 70 meters) per pixel.
Ultima Thule's historical approach, known as 2014 MU69, is the first steering wheel of the Kuiper Belt Object. During Flyby, Ultima Thule is a closed binary system, a binary contact (touching two pieces), or another one. The objects or objects are 31 km in diameter (30 kilometers) and irregular. Using many internal tools, New Horizons will also map the surface of the object's geology to determine how to surface it, measure the surface temperature, look for comet-like activity signals (like melting), among other objectives.
Rovers playing on the moon
The moon should receive a couple of new visitors from the 2016 robot.
Changing China's 4 landing and vehicle, which was launched on December 8, 2018, is expected to reach the far side of the moon on January 3 or earlier. The landing area is 177 kilometers wide (180 kilometers) Von Kármán crater, a lunar crater of the southern hemisphere. As far as the moon is concerned, CE-4 will communicate through the Earth via Queqiao satellite in China, which was launched in May.
If successful, the mission will be the landmarks of the Moon and the most important inspections, according to the Chinese Scientific Defense and Technology Office. Lands and six-wheel vehicles will measure the temperature of the lunar surface, analyze the lunar and dust rocks and explore cosmic rays, among other things. Likewise, the mission will determine the region to be quite relaxed from the technological activity of the human being, to build a deep space telescope. The mission will last for at least three months.
In the second half of 2019, the Indian Lighthouse will be launched at the Indian Space Research Organization within the GSLV-F10 / Chandrayaan-2 Mission. A six-wheeled vehicle will move the locations around the Earth's South Pole, watching the surface of the moon and re-transmitting it to the Earth. On top of that, the Satellite Chandrayaan-2 satellite collects scientific information on the unusual atmosphere of lunar topography, minerals, and the moon, searching for water signals.
And who knows, maybe a group that participates in Lunar XPrize will finally have an Earth vehicle, but we think that when we see it.
Hayabusa2 will feature samples of the asteroid Ryugu
At the beginning of 2019, a year later, Japan's Hayabusa2 will capture asteroid skin samples. JAXA continues to work on finding the perfect place for Hayabusa2, as the flat region of this huge space is very difficult.
In December of 2019, the probation will take the last samples and the Earth will return again. If everything were fine, for the first time, a column extracted samples from an asteroid and returned to the test.
Final sales of commercial commerce test
NASA's contract with Russia ends in April, so it is imperative that the space agency find a way to deliver space to its space astronauts. It is a private sector, and in 2019 the United States finally reaffirms its capacity for self-sufficiency in the international space station, since it will not be able to do it from the Space Shuttle program.
On January 17, SpaceX, in collaboration with a NASA commercial commander program, uses a Falcon 9 rocket to launch an Unwatched Crew Dragon spacecraft to the ISS. If this test were successful, there would be a mission mission before June 18; NASA astronauts fill Doug Hurley and Bob Behn's mission.
In March, the United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket will also unscrew the first CST-100 Starliner to the ISS. The next draft test, along with Chris Ferguson Boeing astronaut and NASA astronauts Eric Boe and Nicole Mann, could happen in August, according to NASA.
Likewise, Jeff Bezos's Blue Origin space office is planning two missions of 2019 and uncrewed missions, with the New Shepard Suborbital Vehicle, to determine the dates to be determined.
Opportunity Rover, do not you call home?
NASA's Opportunity Rover has been silent since June 10, a global windshield storm that penetrates into a pipeline hibernation, which is not awake.
Mission controllers are listening to the Deep Space Network (DNS) through the Radio Science Receiver through time and frequency, but without any value. NASA will continue to try "sweat and beeps" over the next few weeks and months, but if Options fails to go home, the mission driver may indicate a 15-year mission.
Ready for drilling
Opportunity news is sad, but at least wisdom is still stuck. NASA's InSight must also be taken into account and landed by Mars at the end of November. Maritime maritime deployment The Martian surface is expected to start at the end of January or February.
The InSight team members will open the seismometer in January and endorse the monitoring of marsquakes. At this time, the fibers will use a robotic arm to configure the heat sink. The purpose of the mission is to understand the formation of the planet and the geology of Mars. To do this, InSight will use its tools to measure seismic activity, temperature and air pressure.
Swooping space ship
Prepare photos of Jupiter and Sun to prepare picturesque, courtesy of Juno and Parker Solar Probe.
NASA's Juno nuclear power station is ready for the 2019 season. It may be the closest orbit to the Jupiter center. The 18th season of Juno will end on February 17th and 19th on April 6th. Juno's Jupiter cloud has already given very precise shots, but gas is getting closer to the giant giant.
In the meantime, Parker Solar Probe will keep track of his historical and yet condemned "sun touch". His second and third perihelion are the points closest to the Sun's orbit, from April 4 to September 1. On December 26, Parker's probes will receive the second gravity of Venus. These flybys will bring new important data on the sun, such as the nature of the wreath and the sunstorms.
Apollo 11 celebrations for the 50th anniversary of the moon
On July 16, 2016, it will be the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 moon. Hope the media coverage in the coming months.
Many events have been scheduled to celebrate this historic event, such as Apollopalooza 2019 (the Denver Rockies Air and Space Museum celebration), the Apollo Celebration at the Gala Kennedy Space Center and the Summer Moon Festival in Wapakoneta, Ohio. Also, the US mint apollo will unleash 50th anniversary commemorative coins on January 24, which looks pretty awesome.
Start the CHEOPS space telescope
The European Space Agency aims to launch the CHEOPS space telescope in October or November. Once in orbit, this space telescope will hunt for the planet's extraterrestrial, especially in Earth's Neptune range, by size.
CHEOPS will raise it from a Soyuz rocket and will have an orbit of 700 km above the Earth. CHEOPS will use the method of detection and authentic filtering, scanning the stars of the exoplanet signals passing through them. CHEOPS originally had to be launched in 2015, which is why it lasted.
Star celestial sweets
Because the audience will not be able to feature an astronomical phenomenon in 2019.
North America, South America, eastern Pacific Ocean, western Atlantic Ocean, and extreme parts of Europe and Africa will be visible throughout the eclipse of the 21st of January. On July 2, the total solar eclipse will be visible in the Pacific Ocean, in central Chile and in Argentina.
The three complete supermodels will happen in 2019: January 21, February 19 and March 21. Moons that happen to be nearest to the Earth's supermoons tend to be somewhat higher and brighter than usual.
Jupiter will make an opposition, or the closest approach to Earth, on June 10, and then it will look great and shiny. Urano will do the same thing on October 27.
On November 11, we will see the curious passage through the Mercury Sun. This does not often happen, and until 2039 there will be no more. By applying an acceptable solar filter to a telescope, amateur astronomers can see the small Mercury disk in the sun. This announcement will be visible in North America east, Mexico, Central America, South America, and Europe, the Middle East and Africa.