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What will happen in space in 2019?

Last year there was a tremendous progress in space exploration, and 2019 did not seem like any. The mysterious objects of the Kuiper belt and the Mars test are going to bring about 12 months of bold efforts to reach the sun.

The New Horizons Ultima Thule will arrive

By the year 2019, the NASA New Horizons Ultima Thule will begin with the drill, a mysterious object of 6,500 million kilometers of the Kuiper Belt. Sunshine 12: In January, the nucleus reaches Ultima Thule at a speed of 50,700 kilometers, with as little as possible photos, with a resolution of between 30 and 70 meters.

New Horizons approaching the artistic projection to the Ultima Thule.
Illustration: NASA / Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory / Southwest Research Institute

It will be the first time we fly on a Kuiper belt. In this process, Ultima Thule will be a closed binary system when there is a binary contact (two objects that are included) or something that is completely different. Objects – or objects – have a diameter of 30km and has an irregular shape. Using numerous internal tools, New Horizons will map the surface of the object to determine how it was created, measure surface temperature, search for comet signals (ice) and many other things.

Rovers running around the moon

Moon needed at least some new robotic visits in 2019.

The Changing China 4, launched on December 8, 2018, will emerge on the moon's hidden face on January 3 or earlier. Von Kármán begins the crater impact, 180 km wide and in the southern hemisphere. As the end of the moon, CE-4 will communicate with the Satellite of China satellite Queqiao from the Earth, which was launched in May.

Conceptual image of the Chinese boys on the moon. Image: NAOC

If successful, the mission will be the first gentle landing and the first hidden face of the Moon, according to the National Science and Technology Office of China. Up to the earth and six-wheel vehicles will measure the temperature of the lunar surface, analyze the rocks and moon dust, and explore cosmic rays, among other things. Likewise, the role will be determined if the territory is silent, to build a radio telescope, the radio waves do not receive interference. The mission lasts for at least three months.

Chandrayaan-2 prototype. Picture: ISRO

In the second half of 2019 India will start its Loyola vehicle within the Indian Space Research GSLV-F10 / Chandrayaan-2 mission. A six-wheeled aircraft will land near the south pole of the moon, observe the surface of the moon and transmit the Earth's data. On top of it, the Chandrayaan-2 satellite satellite collects scientific information on lunar topography, minerals and almost existential lunar atmosphere, while looking at the surface of the ice surface.

And who knows, maybe some of the groups that participate in Lunar XPrize get a lunge vehicle, but they still need to know.

Hayabusa2 will feature samples of the asteroid Ryugu

At the beginning of 2019, by the end of one year, Japanese Hayabusa2 will take samples on the Ryugu asteroids. JAXA is still trying to find Hayabusa2's best place to do his job, because it is difficult to find a flat region of this huge space.

A wonderful photo of Ryugu asteroid, on June 26, the Hayabusa2 probe.
Image: JAXA, Tokyo University and collaborators

In December of 2019, the probation will take the last samples and the Earth will return again. If everything is done, a probe extracts samples from an asteroid and analyzes it.

Finally, the commercial trips

NASA's contract with Russia will end in April, so it is essential for the space agency to find a different route in its astronauts space. The private sector is among the options to consider, and in 2019, it seems that the United States can return to its own space station on its own, since the space shuttle program has not been done.

On January 17, SpaceX, a NASA commercial commander program, will try the Falcon 9 rocket to launch a Nuclear Shipless Shipless Ship with ISS. If this test is done correctly, a manned mission may continue on June 18. NASA astronauts have chosen Doug Hurley and Bob Behnken for this mission.

Image: Boeing

In March, the United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket will prepare the first Boeing CST-100 Starliner for ISS, even without the crew. Boeing astronauts Chris Ferguson and NASA astronauts Eric Boe and Nicole Mann after August, according to NASA.

Projection at the start of the Blue Origin rocket.
Image: Low origin

Likewise, Jeff Origin will run the Aeronavision Company Blue Origin with maneuvered and guided missions in 2019 with New Shepard Suborbital Vehicle. Dates are still unknown.

Option, did you call home?

NASA's Shutter Opportunity has been unveiled since June 10, when the global storm of dust could have taken this probe into hibernation.

Opportunity is the white point in the middle of the box.
Photo: NASA / JPL-Caltech / Univ. Arizona

They are listening to the long-haul vehicle at the Mission Control center and scanning multiple frequencies, thanks to the Deep Space Network (DNS), thanks to the Radio Science Receiver (DNS), but have not been successful so far. NASA will continue over the next few months, but if Opportunity does not communicate with the control center, the mission will abolish it after 15 years.

InSight's probe hits Mars's surface

Opportunity news is not good, but at least nonsense slowly but surely is moving. NASA InSight has also not forgotten the tests, and they finished in November in Marsen. The Sonda martian surface drill starts at the end of January or February.

InSight's car. Image: NASA / JPL-Caltech

InSight members will open a seismograph in January and will explore Martian earthquakes. At this time, the fibers will use a robotic arm to position the heat probe. The purpose of the mission is to understand the formation of the planet and the internal geology of Mars. To do this, InSight will use its tools and measure seismic activity, temperature and air pressure.

Diving space

Prepare courtesy and picturesque pictures of Jupiter and Sun, courtesy of Juno and Parker.

The glorious glory of the Jupiter cloud.
Photo: NASA / JPL-Caltech / SwRI / MSSS / Gerald Eichstädt / Seán Doran

NASA's Juno nuclear space is planned to make more time periods in 2018 (the closest orbital periodovio object is closer to the center of Jupiter). The 18th anniversary of Junio ​​Perijovio will take place on February 17 and 19, April 6. He has already given very precise shots of Juno Jupiter, but he is approaching and approaching a giant gas.

Parker Solar Probe with a photo of the sun's crown
Photo: NASA / Naval Research Laboratory / Parker Solar Probe.

Meanwhile, Parker Solar Probe will continue to "touch the Sun" mission. The second and third perihelion (points closest to the orbits of a celestial body around the Sun) will be organized from April 4 to September 1. On December 26, Parker will attract the seriousness of Venus. These aircraft surveys will bring new important data on the sun, such as the corona nature and the ability to create storms.

To commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Apolo 11 earth

On July 16, 2016, it will be the 50th anniversary of the lunar landing of Apollo 11. In the coming months, the media and reports will be bombarded.

Coins celebrating the 50th anniversary of Apollo 11.
Picture: U.S. Mint / NASA

Several events have been programmed to celebrate this historic milestone, such as Apollopalooza 2019 (the Rockies Air and Space Museum Denver celebration), at the Apollo Gala Kennedy Space Center and on the Wapakoneta Summer Moon Festival. . Additionally, the spectacular anniversary memoirs of Apollo 50 will be launched on January 24.

Start the CHEOPS space telescope.

The European Space Agency plans to launch the CHEOPS space telescope between October and November. In every orbit, this space telescope is looking for planetary extrasolar, especially between Earth and Neptune.

Image: ESA

CHEOPS will start with a Soyuz rocket and will have an orbit of 700 kilometers above the Earth. CHEOPS will use the traffic detection method and examine the exoplanet signs that face the stars.

Heavenly Beauties

Everyone who enjoys the skies 2019 will have interesting astronomical phenomena.

The full moon eclipse will be visible on January 21, North America, South America, Eastern Pacific, Western Atlantic Ocean, and in parts of Europe and Africa. On July 2, the solar eclipse will be visible throughout the southern Pacific Ocean and Chile and Argentina.

Image: NASA

The three superlays will take place in 2019, January 21, February 19 and March 21. The moon will happen when it is near the Earth, and our satellite will be a bit higher and brighter than usual.

Jupiter will be at the nearest place on earth, June 10, and will look great and bright. The same thing will happen with Urran on October 27.

On November 11, we will see a strange passage of Mercury through the Sun. This is not very common, and it will not be until 2039 again. If you have sunscreen in your right telescope, astronomers will appreciate how the sun moves. Mercury on the Sun. It will be on show in North America, Mexico, Central America, South America and Europe, the Middle East and Africa.

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