Six Months and Over 300 Million Lives in the Vandenberg Air Force Base in California, Assault by NASA InSight get there Mars on Monday to study the red planet.
Mars's research at NASA had the potential to start the surface of a planet and its history. On the contrary, the InSight Mission – a name called Exploration Seismic, Geodesy and Heat Transport is an internal exploration compression. He will explore deep-seated mysteries of the planet, in order to answer questions about its structure, composition and how they fit.
When is landing?
Preventing touch prevention 2:54 p.m. East Time
To be honest, "It's time to land" – when the landing arrives to the ground (and anger in the control room).
Landing Calendar will be at 2:47 a.m. The radio signals must travel 91 million miles from Mars to the Earth, arriving 8 minutes later (the amount of time it takes for a long time).
How can I land it?
Sometimes 5 p.m., the space agency will give a new talk to explain everything.
NASA has also organized parties around the country – at the Central Library of Los Angeles, the Adler Planetarium in Chicago and the American History Natural Museum York – where landing can be seen with other Martian fans.
Why is it so hard to start landing?
The InSight nucleus will travel 12,300 kilometers per hour when it enters the Mars atmosphere, 80 kilometers from the surface. (It is more than 200 kilometers per second.) Six minutes and a half later, it will travel 0 miles per hour on the rest of the ground. That's probably it. (NASA space shipyards are very good, they will not be lost to Mars).
The tricky piece is the landing of one piece and work conditions. Until now, NASA has been the only space agency.
The landing of very thin air of Mars is particularly challenging. Molecular Friction InSight's outer part will heat up to 2,700 degrees Fahrenheit – a hot enough melt of steel – but it's not enough to drag the air into a much slower ship space.
In this way, InSight Plots will use some mechanisms such as heat shield, parachute, and rocket motors. The Martian surface will reach a speed of 5 hours. Sixteen minutes later, in order to take advantage of the time consumed by dust, the spacecraft will cut its solar panels.
NASA engineers can know the system. InSight's design came to the Earth at Fenomeno Mars in 2008, with great success in Marsen.
Where is Mars InSight landing?
Landings have an idyllic name, Elysium Planitia, near the northern hemisphere equator. Mission scientists have described the region as parking or "Kansas without corn".
This is mandatory. Because the mission is not interested in rocky lands or beautiful sunsets, the planners chose the spacecraft in the ground and made the safest choice.
What do you expect from the scientists?
How many times does the crust enter between the marlins? What is the nucleus of Marsen? How thick is the crust? How much heat is there? up Disintegration of the radioactive elements of the planet's core? Some of these questions are expected by scientists to respond.
InSight includes two main tools: a comet form package with seismometers and a heat pump with a height of 16 meters. NASA has provided 814 million dollars in InSight. In addition, France and Germany invested 180 million euros to build the main tools.
Seismometers, designed to measure superficial movements less than the hydrogen atom, produce the most fundamental internal sonograms on the planet. More specifically, scientists record at least 10 to 12 years for over two years. Temblors on Mars do not cause tectonic plaques, like Earth. Instead, crack cracks in the planet earth are produced by cooling inside and down. Seismometers also detected other seismic vibrations with Mars from meteors.
With data, scientists hope to form a three-dimensional image inside the planet.
When does the main part of mission science begin?
It's not a bit.
In the first five or six weeks, the nuclear health will be analyzed, including the robotic arm. Then the arm will raise the dome of the seismometer on the ground and will land on the ground. It will open after a burrowing heat probe and lasts 40 days for the final depth of 16 feet.
InSight's first mission will last two years.
What are Mars trunks in the past Tuesday?
These are not leaflets. They are small landfills!
NASA is using the InSight mission to test new technologies. The same nuclear space called Mars Cube One, or MarCO short, InSight was launched in May. MarCo A and B have been deployed in InSight's cruise phase and have gone after them.
Thousands of Hundreds of CubeSats satellites have been launching orbiting the Earth in recent years, but CubeSats traveled for the first time on a trip interplanetary.
MARCO Spacecraft InSight Telemetry Will Come to Earth. If done, an InSight photo can reach its exit minute. But NASA is not trusted by MarCO. These data will also be sent through a spacecraft in two orbits: Mars Odyssey and Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.
What other ships around and around Mars?
In Orbit, NASA also has Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, Mars Odyssey and Maven. The European Space Agency has Mars Express and ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter. The Indian Space Research Organization is called Mars Orbiter Mission, known as Mangalyaan.
On the surface, NASA currently offers curiosity and chances, despite the fact that solar energy is available in summer, it can not prevent global winds. NASA will revitalize Opportunity that has cleared up the sky today.
What future missions are planned for?
2020 year may be busy.
NASA wants to start a new vehicle, similar to curiosity, but with different sets of tools to search for the building blocks. The collaboration between the European Space Agency and Russia will be carried out by ExoMars, which will also lead to tools to analyze life-long life.
China, Japan, the United Arab Emirates and India also intend to launch the ship in 2020.