Coral reefs are facing the crisis, as the list of threats is growing, climate change causes acidification. In an effort to fight for constant damage, the National Academy of Sciences issued an important report on Wednesday for high-tech interventions that could be used to save coral.
The resolution is not prepared as soon as possible, but due to the reflection of the American scientific research in the United States, it shows the need for the problem.
"We're losing reefs so fast," said Coral Reef Watch CEO Mark Eakin Gizmodo. "So it is very critical that everything we keep alive and healthy in the coral reefs".
There are two main ways to save the coral foreseen in the template, the Oceanic Administration and the National Atmospheric Administration (Coral Reef Watch). One level works in coral engineering. Research has continued this year, to unblock scientists to soften and kill other corals, or to unravel the secrets called Super Corals that produce acidic seas that unleash reefs.
However, reports also call themselves more wild interventions, such as freezing chorale embryos and spermatozoa, trying to conserve biodiversity, and hope for a more hopeful and future climate. This report has been highly successful for scientists with 16 coral species, but the risks are still great for frost processes to damage the delicate cells.
The other way to protect the coronal is to protect the reefs on the macro scale. With regard to science fiction geo-geniuses. Some of the ideas that have been tested or tested on a small scale are pumped from the deep ocean to cooler water, creating artificial shades that worst the surfaces surface or chemically changing sea water, making less acid. The latter includes natural solutions, such as gardening plants, and others, such as calcium carbonate, which is electrochemically distributed, to make alkaline oceans.
The National Academy report is the most complete synthesis of different ways to save reefs. The Monitoring Report will create realities for some of these ideas in the real world to activate the spiral of coral death.
Coral reefs have been condemned by 30-50 percent in the 50s in the 1980s on every corner of the ocean, and has seen three episodes of coral choroid competition. These events will become more common than ordinary planets, taking into account these types of interventions, it's not fun alone.
They are literally life and death corals, as well as millions of people based on nutrition reefs, to protect the fluctuations of the storm and protect life. But the interventions are far removed from the solutions needed to maintain reefs.
"This is not in any way the replacement of carbon dioxide and other atmospheric heat transfer gases," said Eakin. "It is not supposed to be substituted for local actions to protect reefs, which is to survive and maintain reefs. It is less expensive and easier to tackle threats and reduce damage to ecosystem reuse."