Bernardo Bertolucci, an Italian author of the Last tango sulphurous and Novecento frescoes in Paris, died yesterday in Rome at the age of 77. "Bernardo Bertolucci left us tonight at 07:00 p.m. (06:00 GMT)", said his press service yesterday, without specifying the causes of death. According to Italian media, he had cancer. Bertolucci was one of the last giants of the film, winner of the Academy Award for Best Actor in The Last Emperor in 1988, who won nine Oscars.
"The Italian cinema was the emperor, the lord of all frescos and all the journeys. The party is over: you have to perform two tango dances," said Gilles Jabobe, former president of the Cannes Film Festival, who was awarded Best Actor Bertolucci in 2011. Italian and world cinema, "said the President of the Venice Film Festival, Paolo Baratta, who recalled Bertolucci's jury of the 1983 and 2013 edition, which he also paid tribute to the Golden Lion in 2007, to be the Mayor of Rome, the filmmakers to live in the last days When they were selected, they were named "great masters" of the Italian and world cinema. "Death is just as good as ours," said Italian director Marco Bellochio, as filmmaker of the same generation Bertolucci.
On the other hand, he judged himself modest in Bernardo Bertolucci in 2013, probably because he would become the "young actress discoverer" in filmmakers after taking tours with Dominique Sanda, Maria Schneider, Liv Tyler or Eva Green.
On March 16, 1941 Parma was born, the refined city in northern Italy. There, Prima della Revoluzione (Cannes Critics' Prize in 1964), Bertolucci grew into a simple and intellectual environment. The revelation of the film is the show by Federico Fellini, La Dolce Vita. Fathers, poets, history teachers and film critics at the age of 15 offer the first 16 mm camera. In Rome, where he studied literature, he met Pier Paolo Pasolini to attend the Accatone group. Member of the Italian Communist Party, Conformist, based on Alberto Moravia's novel. Under Mussolini, among the fascists, he illuminates the intense motives of the commitment of a young bourgeois.
Politics and Mysticism
After the scandal in the Last Tango in Paris (1972), Bertolucci has had enough of Novecento's great historical freshness, one of his greatest works, in the middle of a class struggle in arms, rich in Po, through the fate of two childhood friends. This film sells the prestigious International Performers (Robert De Niro, Gerard Depardieu, Burt Lancaster, Dominique Sanda). The consensus of its members will come with the last emperor in 1987. The director, but not only, was also a coscenarist who was once in the West, Once Upon a Time (a time in science). Sergio Leone and the spaghetti western archetype.
Bertolucci attracted emotional research. People have a relationship with history with the explorer, one of the few filmmakers who have taken part in his career abroad. He received the reputation of the final tango in Paris, where Marlon Brando, a true legend at that time, played one of his greatest roles. At that time a sodomy scene caused an Italian film ban. The 19 year-old actress Maria Schneider (1952-2011) was very surprised by the fact that Bertolucci later acknowledged that he did not fully know what he should do, including the most popular butter.
He is still in the center of Paris in The Dreamers (2003), the history of political passions and the 1968 revolution of sexuality. Africa, Afro-Saharan Africa and Bhutan with Little Buddha, more remote horizons dedicated to Africa, for its expression of mystical research. The passion of psychoanalysis appears in the name of La Luna, which represents a confused relationship between lyrical artist and son's teenagers. Later, Bertolucci returned to Italy to return to Beauty Stolen (1996), a young woman sued by his mother who traveled to Italy for a trip. Although cinematic was impressive, he admitted that he was "sometimes wrong": "But all my options were sincere."
The film, Me and you (2012), has attempted to digitalize its latest film … before giving up. "The definition and rigor were very important, but I wanted the film to be an impressionist quality," he justified. However, he was aware of the technological changes that are accelerating the cinema: "We will soon see films in cigar packs or in our care. We must invent stories capable of adapting to different formats." When a young man asked me how to work as a filmmaker, he was honest I would say and follow his heart. It's very important to be honest about what you are doing, "he said. At the end of his career, the filmmaker welcomed the wave of new TV series around the world including Breaking Bad.
His most famous film
– Prima della Revoluzione (1964)
– Member (1968)
– Aragon strategy (1970)
– Conformists (1970)
– The Last Tango of Paris (1972)
– 1900 (1976)
– The moon (1979)
– The tragedy of a ridiculous man (1981)
– The last emperors (1987)
– Saharawi tea (1990)
– Little Buddha (1993)
– Approaching Beauty (1996)
– Innocent: The Dreamers (2003).
Interview: Élie SAIKAL