Monday , November 29 2021

NASA mission successfully arrives on the ISS on a SpaceX capsule – 11/17/2020


The Crew Dragon capsule was successfully shut down around 1:00 a.m. Brazilian time in the station’s Harmony module at the station’s ISS (International Space Station). Inside are astronauts from the Crew-1 mission, the first of six manned missions by NASA in partnership with a private company SpaceX – conducted by billionaire Elon Musk – as part of the agency’s Crew Commercial Program.

The capsule, which the crew called a “Resilience,” was launched with the SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket at 9:27 p.m. yesterday from NASA’s Kennedy Space Center on Cape Canaveral, Florida.

Michael Hopkins, Victor Glover and Shannon Walker were NASA astronauts, and Soichi Noguchi, Jaxa (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency).

It was scheduled to launch on Saturday (14), but had to be postponed due to weather conditions.

Sunday’s takeoff was a success, even though an air leak dropped the unexpected pressure two hours before it left the capsule, NASA officials said. Technicians said it has been successful in verifying leaks and maintaining planned launches.

As well as being the first international four-person crew to be launched on a commercial spacecraft, Crew-1 will increase the number of long-term crew members on board the ISS from six to seven for the first time.

American Kate Rubins and Russians Sergey Ryzhikov and Sergey Kud-Sverchkovo are already on the space station. The new population will remain on the ISS for six months and is expected to return to Earth next fall.

The first of six missions to SpaceX

The launch inaugurated the Commercial Crew program, which allows SpaceX to allow astronauts to send astronauts into space on their own for the first time since the end of the space shuttle program in 2011. $ 55 million for each astronaut sent into space.

Since then, NASA has relied on other countries to take its astronauts to the ISS, especially to Russia. By May, SpaceX had already taken the astronauts to the space station, but on a test mission.

“NASA is fulfilling its commitment to Americans and international partners to provide safe and reliable missions,” he said.

According to the agency, the partnership is changing the “arc of human space flight history” as it opens up access to Earth’s orbit and the ISS for more people and commercial opportunities.

“The space station remains the starting point for NASA’s next big leap in space exploration, including missions to the Moon and eventually Mars,” NASA said in a press release about the launch of Crew Dragon.

Crew-1 Objectives

NASA Crew-1 Mission Crew in SpaceX - Joel Kowsky / Nasa - Joel Kowsky / Nasa

The crew of NASA’s Crew-1 mission in collaboration with SpaceX

Image: Joel Kowsky / NASA

Crew-1 members will spend six months on board the ISS to conduct a wide range of scientific research. One uses chips in a tissue that mimics the structure and function of human organs to understand the role of microgravity in human health and disease to improve health treatments on Earth.

In addition, astronauts will study the cultivation of radishes from different types of light and earth in their ongoing efforts to produce food in space. They will also test a new system capable of removing heat from NASA’s next-generation spacecraft, called the xEMU (Extravehicular Mobility Exploration Unit).

The astronauts will also take part in numerous spacewalks and welcome the crew of the Russian Soyuz rocket, which is due to reach the ISS in 2021, and the next SpaceX Crew Dragon.

The four astronauts must return to Earth on the Crew Dragon ship, then disconnect from the ISS, launch it, and re-enter the Earth’s atmosphere. After the crash, the SpaceX recovery ship will take the crew and return them to shore.

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