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China, on the way to co-operating in space



People visit the Chinese Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation at the 69th International Astronaut Conference in Bremen (Germany) on October 1, 2018 (Xinhua / Lian Zhen).

China's Chang & # 39; e-4 lunar probing was launched earlier this month, and it is expected to make the first landing distances of the far side of the moon.

Throughout the mission, China has been collaborating with four other European countries, with a greater cooperation center between China and the European Union (EU) in recent years.

CHANG & # 39; E-4 THE MOON

Chang & # 39; e-4 will be a key step towards revealing the mysterious far side of the moon, most of which are unknown.

The German scientific circuit is the "Lunar Lander Neutron and Dosimetry" tool, developed by Kiel University, which aims to measure radiation on the moon, especially for mission missions in the future, as well as underground water content by Robert Wimmer-Schweingruber, who heads the research group.

Karl Bergquist, the European Space Agency Agency (ESA) of the International Relations Department (ESA), called Chang & # 39; e-4, called "very impressive" scientifically and technologically called "no one has ever done so, apart from the progress of our mission, the Moon."

In addition, he called the lunar mission "the first step in the development of future explorations".

He emphasizes the difficulty of going from one side to the other by means of space controls and signals, Wimmer-Schweingruber says "the satellite is already ready. We're going to get the orbiting the moon right now. It works well."

Earlier, China has already launched a satellite "Queqiao" relay, responsible for transmitting signals between Chang & # 39; e 4 and its control.

Chang & # 39; e-4 work science also includes astronomical low-frequency radio-observation, analysis of surface and terrestrial shapes and mineral composition and thick surface surface detection by the Chinese National Space Administration (CNSA).

COOPERATION OPPORTUNITIES

Wimmer-Schweingruber worked with his Chinese counterparts two decades ago and encouraged China to cooperate with international partners.

In addition to Chang & # 39;, China has been offering and co-ordinating numerous space collaboration opportunities with Europe and recently.

The International Astronautics Congress held in Bremen, Germany, in October, underlined the deputy minister of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology in China, in China, in cooperation with other countries within the Chinese planning program.

Zhang, the head of CNSA, has also said Chang & # 39; e-6, the second Chinese sample, a lunar mission, will charge 10 kilos to the orbit and land of international partners.

China also announced in May, the United Nations in United Nations (UN) in Vienna welcomed to work together in China to unify the future Chinese Space Station (CSS).

"CSS is not only China, but also for the world," said Shi Zhongjun, the Chinese ambassador to the UN and other international Vienna organizations.

The CSS, launched in 2019 and expected to be launched in 2022, will be the first space station in the developing world, and will be open to all UN member states.

Jan Woerner, CEO of ESA, has said that Xinhua ESA has received more cooperation with China's space program and that some European astronauts are studying Chinese.

China and the EU signed an agreement in 2015 in collaboration with a space space program, the period between 2015 and 2017 were technological and technological exchanges between both sides of the astronaut training programs.

Matthias Maurer, an astronaut of the German nationality ESA, Xinhua studied in China for over six years.

After participating in the Sea Survival Training Program, Yantai Coast, China, in eastern Shandong Province, organized by the Astronauts Center in 2017, Maurer hopes to work with astronauts from China and other countries.

WIN WIN RESULTS

China's achievements and openness in space exploration have benefited all over the world and the results are considered as nonprofit.

China's open CSS will strengthen international cooperation in making peace in space, said Simonetta Di Pippo, Director of the UN Office.

"China is today our main contribution to our voluntary contributions, which is very important, which is a sign of solidarity with us in China, which allows you to use your facilities worldwide," he said. Di Pippo, hopes to see more collaborative projects in the future.

Maurer saw cooperation between China and the EU as a winner. China has many advantages, such as its rockets, capsules and a space station.

In Europe, on the other hand, it has extensive experience in long-term missions in space ", in order to develop it efficiently in our collaboration," said Maurer.

Wimmer-Schweingruber talked about the openness of China, "when we commit to weakening the commitment of the other countries in a scientific way".

After supporting earthquakes in satellites and their effects, "we want to collaborate in the new space station to provide important flight flight of our astronauts, but also to develop experiments and innovative technologies," said Piero Benvenuti, curator of the Italian Space Agency.

Woerner has stated that ESA uses Shenzhou's Spanish-man-made nuclear force to send it to the space of European astronauts in the future. "It's not an agenda though, it's an option," he said.

"We have worked with Chinese for more than 25 years. For us, Europeans are the dominant domains of the world's exploration and space sciences mission with all the power of space: United States, Russia, China and Japan," Bergquist said.

"What is important is to advance our knowledge, and if we can do it together, it's better for everyone," added Bergquist.


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