Tensions that occur in the gas pipeline in the northern part of B.C. To obtain a major project on the question that should be addressed by the Resource Company for indigenous leaders: hereditary leaders or selected bunds assemblies?
Hereditary leaders are standing before the project, despite the verdict of a court. But Wet & # 39; suwet's election commissions have signed agreements with Coastal GasLink, TransCanada Corp. subsidiary to make a natural gas transport pipe. On the coast, where liquefied natural gas is projected.
Here is a look at the situation:
Who is trying to stop Wet & # 39; suwet & # 39; s territory occupation?
All First Nations groups, except Hagwilget Nation Village Council, signed agreements with Coastal Gaslinks. Skin Tyee First Nation, Wet & # 39; suwet & # 39; in First Nation, Witset First Nation and Nee Tahi Buhn Band.
However, hereditary leaders do not apply these agreements to traditional territories.
"All five of the top five homes in the five Wet clubs have said" not "to all oil and gas pipelines in our territories," says Carla Lewis, a spokesman for the Gitdimt clan, who holds a master's degree in indigenous government.
Lewis claims that the clans have confirmed opposition to the expansion of oil and gas in the three historical territories, after weighing cultural, environmental and economic impacts.
Why is Wet & # 39; Suwet & # 39; in the Territory two authority sets?
The leadership of the band committee has reached agreements with Coastal GasLinks but the hereditary leadership is against the project.
How does leadership work?
The first nations community has elections head and council every two years. Band leadership is not a traditional form of government. They are the creations of the Indian Law.
While in the community, people choose the federal government.
In 1876, the bands joined the federal government as part of the post-confederation assimilation policy.
"He thought the federal government was governing its local government," says Bob Joseph, the creator of indigenous training in the Corporation, and helps companies and organizations to work internationally better.
"The impose on self-government indigenous communities has already been correct," Josep said.
How Does Leading Leadership Work?
Hereditary leadership is different from community to community, but Wet's leadership is based on clan and home system. Wet's hereditary heir inherits his role through his matrilineal line through the potlatch system, whose government structure is.
In the case of Wet & # 39; suwet, if the inheritance leadership is not conducting a leadership position, if it does not live up to expectations, this person will be subject to the inherited function and another person will be appointed by the clan's leaders. potlatch bat ,.
Different levels of decision and authority created the tensions between the heads of the inherited, provincial and federal governments and municipal councilors.
How does the community decide who is responsible?
Each community is different, but Josep, in most cases, ordinarily supervised by the federal government, like health care and education.
Wet & # 39; Suwet's Hereditary Chief Na & # 39; mocks, a spokesperson for the tube, describes its authority by treating the land and rights and title.
"Chosen chiefs and board members are only allowed to be served within the boundaries of the competing powers and they are accepting the pipeline," Chief Na & # 39; Moks said.
"We are 22,000 square kilometers," he added.
How does this authority work in court?
Attorneys reported the ruling of the Supreme Court in Canada in Delgamuukw, in 1997, to explain how the rule in Wet's Suwet territory is limited.
This decision concluded that the indigenous land rights and title were not in the colonization. The case was a traditional and hereditary leadership, according to lawyers.
"The band councils are particularly the result of the federal government and the Indian Law, and therefore, in many cases, they are not legally binding with indigenous peoples," said Kate Gunn, a First People Lawyer in Vancouver.
According to Delgamuukw's decision, Wet & # 39; suwet's nation is organized and governed by hereditary system.
"Whether the Indian Law Firms had signed agreements or not, the nation's support and support process was not fulfilled," he said.
If you are a company like TransCanada, who did you consult with?
According to TransCanada, Bob Joseph announced that the plan for the planning of his TC Energy Wednesday on Wednesday demanded that the federal government allow the company to speak or accept the board of directors and the board of directors.
Nowadays, however, Joseph has said that Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is pushing through rapid changes, such as breaking off the Indian Law, where the team's board of directors gets power. Trudea has also spoken to treat indigenous groups as a national nation, rather than under federal government.
Josephe says that companies like TransCanada should consult a whole community rather than specific leadership. At the same time, communities can have community references, and no one decides.
On Tuesday, Trudea said a group of indigenous ottomans continue to work in Ottawa to "continue to work hard to resolve the relationship between the federal government and the first-nations".