In CNN Films, "The Three Unbelievable", a story about twenty-one births is amazing, Sunday, January 27, at 9:00 AM. ET.
Experiments continue to blend in with his claims and the uncertainty of his being, open a question mark on Pandora's ethics with humans, although these are not new.
These experiments have been criticized in advanced medicine and ethical codes and codes of ethics, such as the Nuremberg code.
When the claim was made by genetically modified humans, the response to the global community of doctors was rapidly condemned.
"The question is not an interruption to the experiment," said Jing Bao Nie, professor of bioethics at the University of Otago in New Zealand. "Editing of genetic measurement, non-ethical implementation".
Sarah Chan, director of the University of Medicine, Life Sciences and Law of the Mason Institute in Edinburgh, excludes risks and benefits to justify this experiment. The genome embryo edition is still not fully established, and "all scientists hardly know that we still recommend clinically enough progress".
In the case of a serious illness, if it were to cause severe pain, the only way to alleviate pain would be a dangerous experimental procedure, and Chan believes that "if we give great benefit, we could justify this risk."
As far as medical ethics is concerned, the different principles must weigh each other through the institutional analysis committee, on the participation of human participants in the experiments.
Defining medical ethics
Experiments should be socially and scientifically useful values and that people should be respected and respected. The risks and benefits to the participants and the benefits of society must be weighed against each other and the ethics of the experiment must be independent outside, said Persad.
In fact, if the experiment has had any mutation, it could be transmitted to the twin children and then spread to the general population, which has not allowed this change, and Persad explained.
"I do not know how much danger there is," said Persad. "Again, it depends on the mutation odds to determine whether the mutation will be selected after the population or over time."
The first paper describes how to conduct fair investigations, it was the Nazi warfare product.
Renate Guttmann was one of the "Mengele Twins" according to the Encyclopedia of the Holocaust, who did experiments, such as vomiting and diarrhea, and blood on her neck.
But some doctors thought that this code was not applied.
Krugman's experiment has known about the two tensions of hepatitis: A and B – and how to distribute these expansions through the oral oral route and the contact and transfer of B-fluid bodies. Fifteen years later, he developed a prototype of hepatitis B.
In his paper, Krugman criticizes the fact that the ends do not justify the resources, but believes that he does not believe that he is applying his own job, that all children in the school have a constant risk of acquiring hepatitis.
Kelly Edwards, professor of bioethics at the University of Washington, wants to achieve the balance that the risks and benefits of the experiment require. "This is a group of people who are already suffering," he says, which led researchers to explore these populations, to help others. "But we're still taking advantage of a group that suffers people."
Nowadays, there are other methods that have led to the same result. However, the vaccine was achieved ethically and we are using "taught data" – results obtained from non-ethical experiments. Edwards says that he asks for admission recognition to "children who helped this knowledge".
Mine past medical
The need for accusation and compensation is found in a prestigious ethical experiment to analyze Tuskegee syphilis. Syphilis was one of the major problems of the 1920s, and so in 1932, the US Public Health Services and the Alabama Tuskegee Institute recorded a natural progression of the disease.
Diseases caused were not treated with syphilis, although penicillin was effective in 1947.
After 1972 research reports, he was appointed a counselor to study Tuskegee. As a result, this knowledge was "small" in front of the subjects. The study ended in October of that year.
Shortly afterwards, the class action lawsuit was presented on behalf of the participants and their families. A $ 10 million settlement has arrived.
Edwards used ethical medicines and vaccines for conventional use, "some of which are not in our conscience."
The Belmont Reports Committee also wrote reports on specific topics, one of which was in the use of prisoners in experiments. "The practice of using prisoners populations has been very widespread," said Edwards, in order to send debts to society.
These experiments involved how the prisoners made a way to make money and control, Loue said.
Because Prisoners does not have the ability to give their consent because their lives are completely controlled by others and is a risk of coerciveness, the Edgar said that it has inspired Belmont's report to discourage this weak population.
Ethics today and the future
The reports that followed these experiments were used to prepare laws and government bodies, such as the institutional review boards. These committees are composed of representatives of organizations that wish to carry out the experiment and a representative without a scientific community; they decide whether they will be ethical or not.
Edwards provides an in-depth review of the institutional review committee. Continuing ethics for reviewing ethics continues throughout experiments, such as data tracking, especially in clinical trials. This monitoring tool can stop any experiment at any time.