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Physicists graffen qubits' lives & # 39; has recorded it



This display shows graphene layers used for membranes. Credit: University of Manchester

MIT and elsewhere have recorded "temporal consistency" of the graphite qubit meaning, how long it may be to maintain a special situation, at the same time, to represent two logical states at the same time. Manifest, which uses a new type of graphene-based qubit, is an important step in practicing quantum computing, researchers say.


Quantum bits are artificial superconductors (just qubits) that use quantum information parts, the main components of quantum computers. Similar to conventional binary computer circuits, qubits may maintain one of two states with two intermediate bits, either 0 or 1. But these qubits can simultaneously be a superposition of both states, as quantum computers can solve complex problems. Traditional computers are almost impossible.

These amounts of those Qubits in the superposition situation are called "consistency time". The longer the coherence time, the higher the qubit will be to calculate the complex problems.

Recently, researchers have introduced graphene-based materials in superconducting computer quantum computers, including faster and more efficient computing, among others. Until now, there has been no consistency in the recording of these advanced qubits, so there is no way to know how to make practical quantum computing.

In a paper published today Nature Nanotechnology, the researchers demonstrate, for the first time, a coherent qubit produced by graphene and exotic materials. These materials change through qubit voltage, like traditional transistor microscope in today's computers, and unlike most other superconductors. Additionally, researchers have placed a number of coherence, following 55 nanoseconds, qubit returns its lower state.

William D. Oliver, a professor of physical education and Lincoln Laboratory Fellow focuses on quantum computer systems, and investigates innovations by Pablo Jarillo-Herrero, Cecil and Ida Green Physics at the MIT. graphene

"Our motivation is to use special graphene properties to improve superb qubits performance," says Joel I-Jan Wang, first secretary at the Oliver Electronics Research Laboratory (RLE) at MIT. "In this work, consistent qubit superconducting graphene is a temporary quantum consistent, a basic condition for quantum quantum sophistication, which shows the consistency of consistency first. Qubit-this is enough for human control."

There are another 14 authors, including Daniel Rodan-Legrain, Jarillo-Herrero's group, who worked with Wang; MLE RLE researchers, Department of Physics, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science and Lincoln Laboratory; and researchers from the National Laboratory of Electrical Materials Laboratory of the National Institute of Materials Materials of the National Institute of Electrical Materials (Solids Irradiated Laboratory).

A delicious graffiti sandwich

Qubits superconducting is based on a structure called "Josephson junction"; where an insulator (usually an oxide) enters into two superconducting materials (mostly aluminum). In Qubit in traditional synthetic designs, an electric current generates a small magnetic field, while the electrons move between superconductors and cause qubit to change states.

But this current stream consumes a lot of energy and creates other problems. Recently, some research groups have an insulator, with a graphene, a carbon-coated carbon atom, which has a special properties that allow for massive production costs and faster and more efficient calculations.

For the manufacture of Qubit, the researchers were given the following materials at van der Waals's atomic and thin material materials, such as Legos on top of each other, without resistance or damages. These materials can accumulate specific ways of generating system systems. In spite of the fact that there is a lack of good surface quality, only a few research groups have ever applied Van der Waals material to quantum circuits, and they do not show any consistency at all.

At the junction of Josephson, the researchers put a graphene sheet between the two layers of an insulator Van der Waals, hexagonal nitride boron (hBN). Importantly, graphene includes superconducting superconducting materials. The chosen van der Waals can make electrical electrons used for voltage, instead of the traditional magnetic field today. Therefore, therefore, through graphene, so qubit is complete.

When the voltage is applied to the qubit, the electrons are bounced between the superconductors connected with the graphene recipe recipes, changing the illusion or superposition state (1) by changing qubit (0). The bottom hBN layer graphene is used as a host substrate. The top hBN encapsulates graphene layer to protect any contamination. Because the materials are so pristine, electron passengers do not cause any mistakes. This is a "ballistic transport" ideal for qubits, where most of the electron lead another superconducting lead, without dispersing impurities, to make a rapid and precise change of states.

How does tension help?

Work is capable of addressing the qubit problem of scaling, Wang says. Currently, only 1,000 qubits are included in a single chip. Qubits controlled by voltage will be particularly important, since qubits start at millions of chips. "Without voltage control, you need thousands or millions of loop current, and it takes a lot of space and it's a waste of energy," he says.

Additionally, voltage controls mean greater efficacy and determination of individual or more specific qubits of a chip without a "cross-conversation". When this occurs, a little bit of the magnetic field in the current crash does not match the qubit, which is the cause of computing problems.

For now, the researcher's qubit has a short life. For reference, the conventional superconductivity of the practical application procedures have consistently documented the consistency of some microseconds, a hundred times larger than the qubit of the researchers.

But researchers are looking at some issues that create a short-lived lifestyle, most of which require structural changes. In addition, a new method for consistently testing is being used to investigate how electrons ballistically move around the qubits, in order to increase the overall coherence of qubits.


Explore more:
Interactive ballistic graphic Josephson introduced into microwave circuits

More information:
The consistent control of a hybrid hybrid Supereroale, based on van der Waals's graphene-based heterostructures, Nature Nanotechnology (2018). DOI: 10.1038 / s41565-018-0329-2, https://www.nature.com/articles/s41565-018-0329-2

Magazine reference:
Nature Nanotechnology

Given:
Massachusetts Institute of Technology


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