Research at Duke University shows that the use of trace elements in fishing rod bones can be used to identify and investigate carbon contamination in its waters.
"Structural structures – or otoliths – are found in the fish's ears to keep a lot of information on life history, including fish age, national habitat and physical and chemical record of migration patterns," said Jessica Brandt, lead author of paper and PhD in 2018 from the Duke of the Environment's Nicholas School . "We also caught the signing of pollutants caused by ostrich fish ecosystems".
Brant and his team have found the Estonian isotope ratios from North Carolina with two otoliths from both lakes. Two of them have carbon-effluent flares in surrounding power stations; It connects the proportions of isotope strontium in samples taken from sediments. lakes
"This otolith can be used as a biogenic tracer to evaluate the potential ecological impacts of ecological currents of offshore coal waste," said Brandt, a postdoctoral researcher in United States geological research today. "Stress helps us to translate behavior into the source of pollution while the charcoal is only a toxic component of carbon effluents."
Strontium is a natural trace of coal that is the only coal isotopic coal, while coal is burned and coal ash is in contact with the aquatic environment.
Recent investigations have used isotope strontium ratios to monitor the impact of coal-fired water quality, "but this is the first time we can prove that fingerprints can also be used to monitor coal-related impacts of coal," said Professor Geochemist Avner Vengosh and Duke of water quality. Nicholas School, author of research.
"This clearly indicates that fish strontium must be contaminated with coal-ash," Vengos said.
The Duke team published a review of revisions published on November 21 Environmental Sciences and Technology Letters.
Two researchers from the North American flood lakes (Mayo Lake and Sutton Lake) were historically improvered to obtain cooling water for their surrounding power stations and to extract their effluents. Sutton Lake was a site of a large coal-burning coffin near Cape Fear River, after Hurricane Florencia caused flooding this fall.
Researchers gather surface water and collect water samples from lakes and other lakes – Lake Tillery and Lake Waccamaw – that are not related to coal waste streams. Laboratory samples were studied in the laboratory, along with otoliths in large part of each lake.
"Isotopic esteration ratios are associated with otoliths, particularly in sedimentary floods and in proportion to the atoms of sediment deposits, which is why it is credible evidence that otoliths can serve as a tracer of coal ash tracers," said Richard Di Giulio, Professor Sally Kleberg Duke of Environmental Toxicology, author of research.
The radioactive isotopes of the superficial water sample in the lakes did not match otoliths and pore water samples, as Di Giulio explained, but the surface water relationships change more.
"Research findings show that otolith studies are added to our research efforts," said Brandt. "Waterborne strontium isotope tracers provide us with information on the impact of coal ash at a given moment, but otoliths are constantly growing during the fish's life, we have used common otoliths analyzes to determine the emissions of waste streams, or have spent several years in many years. It is developing a new direction of environmental toxicity and water quality research. "