Saturday , January 16 2021

Research: The cosmic telescope is at the beginning of the timing –

Observations from the Gemini Observatory identify a very remote Quasar fingerprint, allowing astronomers to emit light of that era. The astronomers deepened space and time for a galaxy that was untrue, by which the ancient light of the quarry was enlarged. Gemini's observations provide critical pieces of the puzzle to confirm this object as the best quartz in the universe's history, and look for more sources like this.

Before reaching the millions of cosmos, the first cosmic light began with a long universe. A particular illuminated lighting, from an energy source called quasar, was seriously held by the galaxies, whose gravity bent and increased the light of the quasar and directed it in our direction so that the telescopes of Gemini North could be thoroughly tested.

"If this advanced cosmic telescope did not work, quasar light would be 50 times dimmer," said Xiaohui Fan of the University of Arizona who led the study. "The discoveries demonstrate that lenses that gravitate strongly in the quarks exist for more than 20 years and some have not been discovered over time."

Gemini observation fills the key pieces of the puzzle in a critical hole. The Gemini North telescope of Maunesea, Hawaii, used by Gemini Near-InfraRed Spectrograph (GNIRS) to extract a large part of the light spectrum infrared. Gemini data tells the signing of magnesium signing, which is critical to how far we seek. Gemini's observation also led to the determination of the massive hole in the quasar's socket. "We were able to paint the Maisya, the Hubble Space Telescope and observations of some of the observatories in the world together with the Gemini data, on the right side of the quasar and the galaxy," said Feige Wang University, California, Santa Barbara, a member of the discovery team.

This image reveals that Quasar is a place in space in time and space when it is the first light that emerged during the Second World War. "This is one of the first fountains created by the age of cosmic darkness in the universe," said Jinyi Yang, a member of the discovery group at the University of Arizona. "Before, stars, quasars or galaxies were not formed until the objects appeared like in the dark."

The first galaxy that improves our view of Quasar is particularly dark, very daring. "If this galaxy were much brighter, we would not be able to distinguish it from Quasar," he says. Thus, this discovery will allow astronomers to look for some lenses in the future and increase the number of lenses significantly. quasar discoveries However, as Fan suggests, "we do not expect to be much brighter than many of them in the whole vegetative universe."

The intense brightness of Quasar, known as J0439 + 1634 (J0439 + 1634 Brief), suggests in the heart of a young galaxy that forms a supermassive black hole. The astonishing magnets of magnesium taken by Gemini were able to measure the size of Quasar black mass supermarket 700 million times compared to the sun. Supermassive black holes are probably surrounded by dust and compact gas sizable. This turbulent evil – known as acrylic disc – probably moves constantly to feed the black hole. Magellan James Clerk Maxwell's telescope with wave-length submillimeter observations suggest that this black hole is not only covered with gas, but it allows the launching of a star-birth that is more than 10,000 stars a year; By comparison, our Milky Way Galaxy is the star of the year. However, due to the increase in the gravitational lens strength, the formation of the stars could be much smaller.

Quasars are very energy sources, caused by large black holes inhabited by the first galaxies in the universe. For the sake of brilliance and distance, the kuasians can find better conditions at the beginning of the Universe. This Quasar has a 6.51 red arrow and returns to a distance of 12.8 million light years and brings together a combined luminous area of ​​about 600 trillion, driven by increased gravitational lens. Near the distance of the galaxy near the court of Quasar is about half, only 6 million light years away.

Fan groups selected the J0439 + 1634 optical data from Quasar candidates based on very remote sources: The Panoramic Survey Telescope and Rapid Response System1 (Pan-STARRS1, Hawaii's Institute of Astronomy), United Kingdom Infra-Fed Telescope Hemisphere Survey (Maunakea, Hawaii) and the NASA Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) space telescope archive.

The first observation spectroscopy, made in the Arizona Multi-Mirror Telescope, confirmed the object as a completely false quasar. The observations with the Gemini North and Keck I telescopes in the oceans have been discovered in Hawaii and have been detected by Gemini's top fingerprint magnesium – to lower Quasar's fantasy distance. However, the previous galaxy lenses and quasar are very close, and it is impossible to differentiate them from the earth's images due to the blurring of the Earth's atmosphere. Hubble's space telescope sharpened sharply that Quasar's image was split into three components using a lensing galaxy.

Quasar has come to a future study. Astronomes intend to use Atacama Large Millimeter / submillimeter Array and NASA's James Webb space telescope, within 150 light-year-old black holes, and the direct impact of black gravitational black arrow can be directly detected in gas motion and star formation. in its surroundings. A remote discovery such as J0439 + 1634 will continue to grow astronomers around any future chemical environment and the massive black mass of our initial universe.

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