On Saturday morning, SpaceX's Falcon 9 rocket flees to Florida to boost a spacecraft in the International Space Station. Rocket Position SpaceX's new Crew Dragon capsule – the first vehicle designed to carry people to space.
Although capsules are for travelers, no one will travel for the trip. That is because that flight, in the heart, is a test. Mission, Demonstration-1 or DM-1, NASA to show Crew Dragon is a worthwhile and safe space for future human crews.
NASA is particularly worried, the first person who will fly to Crew Dragon will have NASA astronauts. Crew Dragon is based on a critical commercial space commercial agency, using NASA astronauts and the International Space Station, using space-based space-based space resorts. SpaceX and the Boeing Aerospace companies have made capsules for this purpose, and after five years of development, SpaceX may be the first vehicle in space. If everything goes well, the next time you're in orbit, Crew Dragon may have people.
Here's why DM-1 is happening, what to expect, and what comes next to start up.
Why is it important?
When NASA Space Shuttle flew in 2011, the space agency lost its main mission to send its astronauts to the International Space Station. Since then, NASA has requested the purchase of Soviet Soyuz nuclear seats in Russia for ISS for astronauts and international partners. It is an expensive device that costs $ 81 million from NASA. NASA's only moment. Unless Soyuz's long-term operation has stopped, NASA would not have any people coming to space.
For this reason, in the last decade, NASA has managed to travel once more to American vehicles. NASA's SpaceX and Boeing contracts gave NASA $ 2.6 million and $ 4.200 million respectively to develop new vehicles for ISS and ISS's astronauts. Boeing has worked on CST-100 Starliner vehicles, while SpaceX is developing Crew Dragon.
Both vehicles are planning to fly this year, making Boeing the first flight of April flight. It has been a long and straight path to reach this point. When NASA first assigned SpaceX and Boeing contracts in 2014, the first astronauts flew in 2017. However, many delays and technical obstacles were pushed back. NASA's security consultants raised concerns about some of the vehicle's design issues, while other experts questioned SpaceX's plans to plan rockets with people on board.
Slowly but surely, these concerns are being solved, and NASA is eager to see Dragon's Crew action on the next mission.
How will the work begin?
The speed will be similar to other missions SpaceX has turned to the International Space Station. Crew Dragon is a revamped Burial Carrying Capsule. SpaceX uses astronaut supplies for the space station since 2012. Like capsules, Crew Dragon will launch it in orbit. SpaceX's Falcon 9 rockets.
The vehicle will be deployed to SpaceX at the NASA Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida. In 2014, the company took over a Kennedy spacecraft kicking off Kennedy expedition missions that used NASA's Saturn V rocket missions. SpaceX changed the way of the Falcon 9 flight and added another necessary hardware support for the company's future missions. It is a new tunnel, attached to a tower next to the pad, that the astronauts eventually reach space.
DM-1 will be held at 2:49 a.m., Saturday, March 2. The bear Early morning speeds will allow the capsule to be collected at the International Space Station in its orbit. From now on, the weather is pretty good, with 80% chance conditions.
What will happen to this mission?
NASA says that Crew Dragon has a number of tools and cameras designed to collect data throughout the flight. Weighs 400 kilos and weighs similar capsules on people on board. A dummy test has also been used to travel inside the capsule, wearing a personalized outfit for the SpaceX flight designed for future travelers.
When Crew Dragon is in orbit, he will circulate around the Earth someday before approaching the International Space Station. One of the main differences between this typical freight and freight mission is its docking procedures. Until now, SpaceX's cargo flights have been linked to the ISS, the vehicles approaching the station and an army army operated by an astronaut. The bulb reaches the capsule to the station and leads it to the port.
The Crew Dragon does not need to rob the robot to get the International Space Station. It connects automatically with ISS, combined with software, lasers and sensors. In 2016, the astronauts installed an external adapter adapter for the Nock space station, that is, the Dragon's Crew target for this flight. If all is done, Crew Dragon connects with ISS around 6AM ET, Sunday, March 3.
Upon reaching the finish line, the spacecraft hat will open and will be attended by three ISS crew members: NASA astronaut Anne McClain, Canadian astronaut David Saint-Jacques and Russian cosmonaut Omar Kononen. The trio will also go inside to download and download the cargo.
The capsule will be attached to ISS less than a week, four days later, Thursday, March 7. Crew Dragon will divert the ISS super early in the morning, from 2:30 AM onwards, then it will stop. After 7:30 a.m., the capsule will turn its engine into orbit, lower it to the ground. The parasite system will expand to reduce the capsule, gently at 8:45 AM, in the Atlantic Ocean. To make NASA a good view of this deployment on parachute, to ensure the future flight of the street system.
What comes next?
NASA and SpaceX will perform the flight evaluation as well as DM-1. About a month, SpaceX will have time to start: it will test the company's emergency escape system.
As it is known as Flight Abortion, SpaceX sets off a Falcon 9 rocket in a flight, creating a dangerous crew environment. Crew Dragon is embedded in a capsule structure, eight drills, called Super Dracos, for launching and transporting the vehicle from the vehicle.
SpaceX intends to test this ability using the same Crew Dragon that starts this weekend. The company will launch the Florida capsule, and then the abortion system will send a trigger command. The rocket will shut off during the test while the Crew Dragon pushers carry the capsule. SpaceX's CEO Elon Musk mentioned on Twitter "In this test the rocket is a great probability of this particular particle".
When NASA fills in the spacecraft safety procedures, the SpaceX capsule will take its orbit into the personal chart, starting July. SpaceX's first test has two people: Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley, NASA's veteran airplanes. During the trip, they will connect with two ISSs and have to spend two weeks in the orbit of the Crew Dragon vehicle tests. They arrive at the Atlantic and splash them in SpaceX ships designed to recover capsules.
If this mission is done correctly, NASA decides to definitively decide on SpaceX's Crew Dragon Certificate at the International Space Station. There is still a lot today after. This weekend's flight will be a great step in a space vehicle.