Scientists have found a bright galaxy to record the brightest object around the world, making 600 billion solar light.
The researchers identified the object: a black hole object, called Quasar, was the brightest neighbor of the universe, and it increased the Earth's dark galaxy, as it increased its light.
Quasar has 12.8 million light years away, and shines in the heart of the galaxy during the first period of the universe, when it is called "reionization time", stars and new galaxies began to move away from the cloud of neutral hydrogen. Researchers found their discovery on January 9 at the Seattle Summit of the American Astronomy Society in winter. [Watch: The Brightest Quasar of the Early Universe Explained]
"That's what we've been looking for for a long time," said Xiaohui Fan, a researcher at the University of Arizona and the lead author of the new work, said Hubble Space Telescope. "We have not found much hope beyond the whole universe!"
Thanks to the powerful underground telescopes, the Hubble Space Telescope includes object observations, currently called J043947.08 + 163415.7, to find out more about it. Quasar achieves a bright light from a black holes supermarket: it spins a gas cylinder around a black hollow, causing a wave of explosive energy blasts, according to the statement. Quasar blocked the universe for less than a million years, but its light was only reached by Earth. According to new observations, the black hole that drives this quasar is hundreds of millions of times the mass of the sun.
Although bright, the distance of the quasar would not be so visible, not of positioning nonsense. Through a process called gravitation lens, the light quasar has bent around an object's galaxy between the object and the Earth, increasing our focus: the third is three times greater and 50 times brighter, the researchers said. And he did not see it in any way, because the galaxy's brush was enough to exclude it from the remote quartz.
If you produce 10,000 stars every year, you can learn more about this quote, more information about this distant and dynamic time in history, to help decorate and adapt the universe we know today to the first stars and galaxies. They also become more telescopes to know more about the system and discover it.
"This detection is a stunning and most important discovery: in decades we thought that at the beginning of the universe these early universes would be very common, but that was the first type we found", Fabio Pacucci, researcher at the Yale University, author and principal author, quasarary tracking paper About a Keck observation statement. Looking for "False Phantom Lookups" – out of the sources, but they can not be detected yet.
"Our theoretical analysis announces that we need a substantial fraction of these" phantom quasars "," Paucci added. "Whenever they are many, the idea of what happened to Big Bang would revolutionize and change our point of view, as well as the mass of these cosmic monsters."
The new work was published at the Aste Nagusia 9th in Astrophysics.