Wednesday , August 4 2021

The night shift in the workplace gives women more of a type 2 diabetes



Women who work at night shifts and healthy lifestyle habits have a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Produced by US, Chinese and Austrian researchers, published in the study British Medical JournalUS health research studies data collected from two long-term nurses; The Nursing Health Research (NHS) and the NHS II began in 1976 and 1989 respectively.

The researchers received 143,410 women data, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease or cancer, with regular medical, diet and lifestyle surveys.

The infants were selected, combined with day, night and night shifts to harm personal routines and biological rhythms.

For this study, night rotations work means that it has three nights of each month, in addition to ordinary day and night turns.

Likewise, the health lifestyle was defined using four factors: being overweight or obese, having it smoked, carrying less than 30 minutes per day and having a poor diet with low fruits, vegetables, nuts and grains, processed meats, trans fatty acids and salt

Over 22-24 years of follow-up, according to research, 10,915 nurses in 143,410 diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.

During the five-year period of work, the nurse was diagnosed with almost a third (31 percent).

Likewise, the risk of diagnosing type 2 diabetics was twice as high as those seen in those who experienced unhealthy lifestyles (2,3 times).

The study also looked into women who exhibited any of the four unhealthy lifestyle factors in conjunction with working night shifts and found that they faced an even higher risk.

For each individual unhealthy lifestyle factor, women who worked irregular hours increased their risk of type 2 diabetes by 2.83 times.

In total, the researchers calculated that rotating night shift work accounted for approximately 17 per cent of the combined higher risk of type 2 diabetes, unhealthy lifestyle for around 71 per cent and the remaining 11 per cent was additional risk related to the interaction of the two.

“Most cases of type 2 diabetes could be prevented by adherence to a healthy lifestyle, and the benefits could be larger in rotating night shift workers,” they conclude.

The authors believe that this is the first study to look at the combined impact of an unhealthy lifestyle and night shift work on the risk of type 2 diabetes but admit that because all the nurses were female and mostly white, their findings may not be applicable to men or other racial and ethnic groups.

Diabetes.co.uk – a community website that provides support to people across the world – says that it’s all too easy for people not to be aware of the risks that stem from shift work.

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“When circadian rhythms are disrupted through shift work, short-term effects can include insomnia, while long-term effects may include obesity, type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure,” the website says.

“If you work shifts, there are some lifestyle changes worth making to improve your health. Three key areas to maximise your health during shift work are: Diet – meal planning and snacking, physical activity and sleep."


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