Wednesday , January 26 2022

United Kingdom is driving cars Mars rovers | Space


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Spider-like, four-wheeled vehicles in a rocky landscape

Sherpa test wizard, with new software, in Ibn Battuta Test Center in Morocco, in December of 2018. Crown image copyrighted.

Landing on Mars is tough, robbers robots and landings have become Mars's usual exploration. These advanced machine explorers send out unprecedented information about this fascinating red world. Unlimited, however, rovers and lands are still largely controlled by human operator on Earth. On January 2, 2019, U.K. announced that the government's new software testing was designed to make future strangers more self-reliant, such as "intelligent" and their decision-makers, such as where to go and how to get there. for self-driving.

Catherine Mealing-Jones, Director of Growth U.K. According to the Space Agency,

Mars is a very difficult planet to safely leave, so it is essential to maximize discoveries to achieve a successful discovery. These new autonomous robotic technologies will help unlock the mysteries of Mars, and I'm glad that U.K. is a key player in the cutting edge field.

a rotating four-wheel vehicle, showing a huge robotic arm

Another view of the U.K. test vehicle. Crown image copyrighted.

Several new technologies were analyzed, data fusion systems, plug-and-play sensor suites and an open source operating system for robotic control. More specifically, by the press release:

ERGO autonomy scope: the autonomous field requires us to make decisions with the adventurers without the need for human intervention. These decisions could be the way in which vehicles must reach the finish line. Likewise, the vehicle can take decisions to manage its resources, for example, to save the power of shutting down certain functions. Likewise, the vehicle will be able to investigate things that are interesting to them, perhaps lost by the human operator.

The merging of the INFUSE data: data merging is the integration of data from different sources and sensors, such as creating useful information through maps, thus enabling vehicles to successfully navigate the Martian landscape. The data will be provided by different types of cameras, sensors, fans and theatrical, in order to give the whole world a world-wide understanding of Martian.

I3DS Plug And Play Sensor Suite: The vehicle needs several sensors to see, perceive and understand the world of Martian. Using the "Plug-and-play" view means that sensors can be easily installed and removed depending on the mission. The sensor suite has an integrated computer, ICU (Integration Control Unit), which processes signal sensors data before passing on to the Fusion system.

ESROCOS operating system: Robots require a functioning system, such as a computer, tablet, phone or laptop. The operating system offers a low level software and libraries that require the basic functions of the robot. Similarly, the language and scope of other software (ERGO Autonomy Framework and the merger of INFUSE data) must be agreed upon to consolidate the system's coherence and integration. In other words, this is the basic software that provides the rules that link all other systems and software.

Six-wheeled squarish vehicle with a mounted vertical mounted pole

Next ExoMars vehicle illustration scheduled for launch in 2020. ESA / ATG medialab image.

The software systems were mounted on a four-wheeled vehicle called Sherpa, granted by DFKI Robotics Innovation Center in Germany.

Today's strangers are limited to a dozen meters (per day), but with new software, future strangers may travel a kilometer (.6 thousand) per day, a major improvement by rovers. Scientifically interesting location in their missions.

Several companies and U.K. Universities participated in the tests, Airbus Defense & Space, Thales Alenia Space, Scisys, King's College London, Strathclyde University and GMV-UK. The study software was carried out at the IBN Battuta Test Center in Morocco in December 2018. Ibn Battuta Tests XIV. It is named after the Islamic explorers of the century and is used to test Mars rovers, which is similar to that of red and wet land. Mars's surface. These tests are part of some research projects carried out by the Strategic Research Cluster and is financed by the European Commission through Horizon 2020.

Part of Oxia Planum - ExoMars landing area in 2020. Smooth landscape with a few crater trees.

Part of Oxia Planum – ExoMars vehicle landing space in 2020 – as observed by NASA Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. New advanced software will allow future rovers to travel faster and faster. Image by NASA / JPL-Caltech / MSSS.

Participants from all over Europe, such as U.K. Space Agency and German, French, Spanish, Italian and European Space Agency (ESA).

Driver technology will be more advanced for Mars rovers in the future, so they can navigate the ground, requiring human engineers to load commands on Earth. NASA's Curiosity rover has an autonomous capability, but new rovers need to improve the need for a potentially more challenging land, such as 2020 2020 Mars (NASA) and ExoMars Rover (ESA).

Bottom line: new for self-driving U.K. The software that has been designed and tested through the Europa 2020 program will allow future Mars Rovers to go faster and farther without human support.


Paul Scott Anderson

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