Dr. Binita Priyambada
December 3, 2018 10:09 PM IST
This year, once again wearing a red ribbon, fashionable: World AIDS Day.
This ribbon is for showing support for people with HIV 36.9 million people worldwide in 2017. And the red ribbon can also draw different degrees from different countries, drawing the eyes of the person, HIV, causes and dangers, and may impair the immune system without paying attention.
Anniversary of the 30th anniversary of the 1st of 2018 World Aid Day, All the United Nations member states have since observed since 1988.
This year's theme: & # 39;Meet your status & # 39; Everyone claims to have medical tests if they are viruses and they say that the right to treatment and care is a positive one.
Depending on each one collects data The Nuclear Program of the United Nations on HIV / AIDS (UNAIDS) in 2018, India after South Africa, and the largest population in the third AIDS in Nigeria; 2.1 million people estimate it.
India, however, has progressed progressively, as the epidemic has slowed between 2010 and 2017. Today India is the second largest treatment program in the world. 27 years passed in new cases of infections and 56% declined in AIDS in the country.
However, last year, when new infections between 8,000 and 88,000 increased, the deaths of HIV were less than 62,000.
In 2017, the country "Try it and treat it"Strategy to address the challenges of the World Organization for Human Health". But before entering the strategy behind the reasons, it is recommended to connect HIV and AIDS.
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) infection Because the virus protects a cell immune type (CD4 + cells), it protects the body from all kinds of diseases.
After an individual infected with HIV, it destroys infected CD4 + cells, but it infects the cells. The punctual treatment can reduce the viral load in the body and, therefore, greatly aid immunity.
AIDS (acquired immunodefection syndrome), On the other hand, it is the final phase of HIV, which can be avoided with the right treatment today. During this time, the resistance to infections is low and the risk of developing disorders is greater.
Because HIV is a virus, AIDS is a medical condition. The symptoms of a positive HIV and AIDS victim are significantly different and treatment now reduces the HIV infection almost completely to achieve adequate treatment.
How does the spread of HIV / AIDS occur?
HIV can affect anyone. The HIV virus can be transmitted from one sex to another, but it also transmits breast milk, semen, vaginal pregnancy and breast milk.
It's HIV sexually transmitted infection. Most HIV is transmitted through unprotected sex. If heterosexual or homosexual conversations, without anal or oral sex, the transmission of a sexual partner in a sex partner is at stake, which does not seek treatment for their condition. Among these, the transmission rate is lower than oral sex analogue.
For this reason, the positive and negative sex demands a total protection among the individual. A physical barrier such as the cone or dental dam (part of latex, which covers it), and prophylaxis (HIV-positive people with HIV positive sexually transmitted medication). However, this is not a very popular prevention.
India was 86 percent of new infections 2017 and 2018. Manipur, Mizoram and Nagaland are three states with the highest HIV.
HIV can be transmitted through blood. For example, the blood transfusion is a risk of sharing a person with a blood infected and reused syringes or with medical treatment or IV drug abuse. They are examples of HIV transmissive activity.
HIV is also spread birth control, During pregnancy the delivery of baby's mother and baby, baby and breastfeeding. Cases of this kind of transmission are declining and have fallen to 2% of the percentage of 25%, nowadays with medical treatments.
The virus can also be found in saliva, sweat and tears. But the transfer rate that affects these fluids is much lower. Anyone who catches conflicts does not pay attention, using the same toilet stools, shaking hands, even with mosquitoes or sweatshirts.
Kisses, kisses and hands shake, infected people and infected people are the gestures that keep people sharing. The virus is also alive with the warm and energetic environment of a person that is not alive, so there is no risk of sharing a room with a person with HIV, a cup of coffee or a cup of coffee.
How to protect the hiring of HIV infection
Because healing by HIV and AIDS does not heal, it is essential to take measures:
- Use the condom every time. When using a lubricant, make sure that water based oil is based. Similarly, the possibility of contracting the ETS in general, but at the same time, a permanent infection (until a cure is developed) allows for less sexual associations, such as HIV.
- Make sure that the needles and tattoos are managed by professionals. It is important to ask and certify your provider with clear scars (injecting sterilizers / news / new joints) into a medication agent, blood drawing test or ink tattoo.
- You should never! blood or blood components transplanted, make sure the laboratory / blood bank has tested for HIV (other infectious agents such as HBV …)
Why "tested and treated"?
The first symptoms of HIV infection go from 2 to 12 weeks.
Some of the remarkable symptoms of HIV infection – fatigue, fever, possible headache or diarrhea – are noticeable. Some people may also experience joint pain, skin sweats, night sweats or pounds.
Swollen glands and yeast infections can be seen in the mouth or vagina. The symptoms of HIV are difficult to distinguish from common flu or viral illnesses first.
Surprisingly, it is possible that the infection does not show symptoms or be small.
In both cases, if the infection is detected as soon as possible, antiretroviral treatment (ART) can live as a positive individual HIV, as well as a person can not be affected. Even though AIDS, even though there is no cure, ART can significantly increase the immune cells of people, the disease has increased dramatically.
A post-exposure prophylaxis (PrOP) is an emergency preventative pill that helps sex partners with a sexually-influenced sex with a person with a positive HIV positive sex.
Both trials and treatments are so important!
What does HIV risk mean, and should you try?
Understanding of HIV testing before doing so is important. There is no way in which doctors are not assessed for this risk in the absence of individual positive HIV treatment. Active sex and all of their sexual partners are a regular test that is sure to know and take action quickly.
At this moment there is no shortcut or science to predict the risk of HIV accurately.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention should demonstrate to all ages between 13 and 64 years of age within a test routine.
If you explain any of the below, you should try testing the liver normally:
- If you take high risk sexual behavior
- If you are sexually active, you are gay or bisexual, or a member
- If you had a helpless sex or you shared a needle, you do not know. In this case, you and your partners should try within 72 hours. If a partner has positive ones, another one may be post-exposure prophylaxis (PrOP). PrOP must start within 72 hours and lasts 28 days.
- Pregnant or pregnant during pregnancy
- If you share needles or syringes that inject surgery
- If they have been diagnosed or treated with them, prior to any hepatitis, tuberculosis or ETS.
HIV is no longer a death penalty – A straight line to AIDS. There are currently many opportunities for treatment for people with positive HIV, some of them at the sale of NGOs at cheaper rates.
The only strength in India is that it is far from a socio-cultural distance: we are in a country still stigmatizing HIV and AIDS. Whilst the changes may be years or decades, there is something else that can be delayed: I am sure. Information is the power of a HIV infection
Author dokprime.com is the Medical Counselor