A look at Easter poinsettias, a commemorative ceremony organized by the State Aid Coordinator (Cesida) to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the AIDS World Day in Plaza Callao in Madrid. EFE / Sergio Barrenechea
World AIDS Day, WHO provides 10 HIV / AIDS data:
Data 1. The HIV infects the immune system cells
Infection causes the immune system to deteriorate gradually and reduces the body's ability to cope with some diseases and other illnesses. In the advanced phases of HIV infection (human immunodeficiency virus) AIDS (immune disease syndrome), that is, there are more than 20 opportunistic infections or a type of cancer.
Data 2. Forms for HIV Transmission
- Sexual contact (vaginal or anal) or buccogenital contact without the protection of an infected person.
- Contaminated blood or blood products or contaminated tissue transplant.
- Solution exchange or injection equipment (needles, syringes) or tattooed infected equipment.
- Use surgical equipment or other contaminated gesture instruments.
- Mother-child transmission during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding.
Data 3. Preventing HIV transmission
- Do not risk being sex, for example, using a condom.
- Test tests
- Avoid injecting drugs or, if necessary, using sterile needles and syringes.
- Make sure that any blood or blood product that has been tested for HIV has been tested.
- Enter the voluntary medical circulation in 14 countries participating in the intervention.
- If you have HIV, you should start your antiretroviral treatment as soon as your benefit and HIV are avoided by sex partners or drug users or the child (pregnant or nursing).
- Pre-exposure prophylaxis before using high-risk behavior possible; Exposure prophylaxis is required if there is a risk of exposure to HIV.
Data 4. There are 36.7 million people in the world of infected HIV, in most low-income and middle-income countries. At least 35 million people have died due to the AIDS related causes, by 1.1 million in 2015.
Data 5. It prevents the combination of antiretroviruses by multiplying the treatments in the liver by body.
Data 6. From the middle of 2016, 18.2 million people have received antiretroviral treatment in the world.
Data 7. HIV testing ensures treatment for those who need treatment.
Data 8. It is estimated that 1.8 million children suffer from HIV infection.
Data 9. The elimination of mother-in-law transmission is becoming a reality.
Data 10. HIV is an active risk factor for tuberculosis.
Early detection of HIV decoder
According to data provided by the Ministry of Health, Consumption and Social Welfare, there is between 140,000 and 170,000 people living in Spain, of which 18% have not yet been diagnosed.
Only in 2017, 3,381 new ones were diagnosed, that is, approximately seven people cause an illness of 100,000 inhabitants and this is expected.
Patient associations say "prevention is what we continue to fail", as well as early diagnosis of the virus. For this reason, the Spanish infectious diseases and clinical microbiology (SEIMC) and the AIDS research group (GESIDA) have been developed "Early warning detection recommendations for HIV infection".
1 HIV testing should promote early diagnosis and reduce the number of undiagnosed people.
2. Although they are fast examinations and self-tests, the definitive diagnosis will only be applied to specialized laboratories.
3. The test must be voluntary, confidential, informed consent of the person who makes it and accessible to all the inhabitants.
4. A doctor may request any inquiry. There are also some NGOs and pharmacies.
5. Tests are required in some cases, such as donations of blood or organs, to obtain and receive individuals and semen included in the human reproduction techniques program.
6 Pregnant women, prison inmates and women from 20 to 59 should always be offered a test of sexual activity.
7. HIV is recommended for contact with certain fluorinated individuals (blood, semen, pre-seminal fluid, secondary, vaginal and rectal, and milk), and contact the body fluid for those with signs and symptoms. / or symptoms of infections and HIV-related tumors.
8. The negative outcome does not exclude the last infection (according to a test in the last two weeks or three months), so that at the time there was a risk exposure, the liver trial should be repeated within 2-4 weeks and three months.
9. If the test results are positive, it must be confirmed, in which case additional tests should be carried out to determine the stage of HIV infection and to initiate antiretroviral treatment.
10. If HIV infection is confirmed, antiretroviral treatment should begin early, because it does not detect the virus, because it increases defenses, improves the quality of life, and the possibility of transmitting the infection to other people is virtually unchanged.