Digital health is a great company. But it creates a lot of doubt.
It is the use of healthcare support technology. Among other things, there are healthcare applications and microplate implants.
In 2024, the digital health digital market will have a value of $ 379 billion worldwide, more than sales over sales by 2017: US $ 71,000 million, according to Global Market Insights consultancy.
But this remarkable expansion causes concern: can technologies be used to improve user lives?
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Google Play and Apple Store have more than 200,000 health applications available.
"Through sensors, monitoring devices and data collection tools, we can identify trends, anomalies or other physical or physical factors that affect the way of treating and managing diseases and, ultimately, improving people's lives," says John Bardi, of digital medicine vice president of business development at the Otsua pharmaceutical company.
"But the promise cares a lot."
Doubts from ethics to data security. But how can I make these apps harm?
1. You can pay more for your life insurance
Last September, John Hancock, the largest and oldest insurance company in North America, confused it.
The company announced today that it only works with "interactive" policies that control physical and health data by means of a device bracelet (such as clothes, for example) and smartphones.
They say that they would reward customers who had more healthy lifestyle with discounts and gifts. According to statistics, interactive policy holders show more than 13-to-21-year-old insured persons.
However, some insurance experts have warned that the decision is to make the creditors use the punished data for credit cardholders who do not meet the goals and also choose those who choose to opt for interactive policies.
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However, the company has said that it has driven compulsory interaction policies customer demand: The use of data monitoring has increased by more than 700% in the last three years, according to them.
"Over the centuries, the insurance model supported families financed after death, without improving their quality of life," said Marianne Harrison, president and CEO, John Hancock, in a statement.
"We believe that the insurer has concerns about time and quality of its clients, and with this decision, we are proud of being the only life insurance company in the U.S.A., based exclusively on health, leaving behind the habit of life and the old way of doing business."
2. Your device could be a spy for you
Thousands of people with breathing problems, such as machines that use sleep apnea, are expensive and do not necessarily have public health systems.
In November, investigations conducted by the U.S. NPR radio stations, some health insurance providers gave patients interactive machines to send data on their use. In this way, they may refuse coverage for users who do not meet these requirements.
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But German expert data by Christian Bennefeld warns that companies do not have to go to the next to control people.
An eBlocker study by its company, health industry websites continues to spy on client browsing thanks to Internet monitoring programs.
"The problem is that many users do not know that this information is monitored because they consult a medical consultation website and look for cancer terms," Bennefeld told BBC.
3. It can be a temptation to self-diagnose
Many years ago, many information on symptoms and illnesses is available online.
However, with more and more sophisticated technology, patients allow genetic tools to be analyzed and further developed.
Public organizations such as the National Health Service in the United Kingdom also have virtual help offices to conduct filtering queries.
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However, a study carried out by the Royal Pharmaceutical Association in 2016 has shown that more than half of English adults use the Internet instead of going to the doctor.
In addition, the Mintel research survey concluded that it was likely that more and more doctors or pharmacists were found to have more health information.
And despite the health authorities warned: British Medical Journal He analyzed 23 health-related websites and concluded that the diagnosis was correct only in 34% of cases.
4. They can hack
As far as digital health is concerned, one of the worst concerns is a large number of patients.
Have the vulnerable leaks repeated over the past decade?
So far, the list of information leaks in all ages is not a company linked to the health sector.
But this year, some hackers introduced the Singapore government health database and around 1.5 million people collected personal data about a quarter of the country's population.
5. It may be a victim of an algorithm (or not)
The advent of digital medicine argues that technology will be increasingly personalized attention.
But many believe that it may cause uncomfortable patients.
And due to the algorithm's bias, it happens when a computer system reflects the implicit values of human beings involved in its construction.
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Some studies on the use of artificial intelligence have to be emphasized that a broader representation of developers and data groups is needed.
The British organ of the Nuffield Council of Bioengineering stated: "Artificial intelligence may be worse for people who are lesser or harder to digitize, as people with rare diseases or other people under stress in clinical trials, research data, blacks, Asian and ethnic minorities."
6. Perhaps you will not be given any preparations
Studies on digital health success have created mixed results.
An example is an article from the Virginia Commonwealth University that helps calorie counts and relates to eating disorders.
On the other hand, some British studies showed income and home visits were reduced among patients with chronic lung disease.
This year, a study by Australian Bond University analyzed more than 23 health and wellness applications, with the highest academic standards and only work: GetHappy.
In this case it is curious in this case. The Swedish government has developed an application to reduce alcohol consumption by university students (Promille), in the end because men are drinking more, according to a study published by the magazine Addiction Science and Clinical Practice.
7. You can get what you want the opposite
With more than 700,000 users coming from 200 countries, the Natural Cycle is the first "digital contraceptive" certificate. He uses a hormone-free method based on reproductive cycles and also admits the United States Food and Drug Administration.
However, the application and companies are starting from July, when there were unwanted pregnancies.
The Swedish health authorities reported in January that 668 abortions were made in Stockholm hospitals, the women who used the application.
In August, the UK Advertising Standards Authority banned cybercats from Facebook, which increased the efficiency of the application.
"It is not the most effective procurement method 100% and unwanted pregnancy is a risk of contraception," said the company in August.
Natur cycles guarantee that the clinical trial is the efficiency rate of 93%. The Swedish Medicines Agency Agency confirmed its independence, which allowed the use of the application.
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However, the agency asked the Natur Cycle "to determine the risk of unwanted pregnancy, use of the use and application instructions for users to take into account."
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He also stated that "he will continue with unwanted pregnancies and verify that there is no deviation of the amount expected in clinical evaluation".
"Pregnancy empathizes with all women with unwanted experiences and we understand that it is a difficult situation, but the number of pregnancy-registered hospital (approximately in Stockholm, 5%), according to the applications," Natural Cycles Technical Director Elina Berglund tells BBC Radio 5.
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