The Intelligent Nanotechnology Group, micro and nanotubota experts at the Bioengineering Institute of Catalonia, have obtained hybrid robots, combined with synthetic material with direct muscle tissue produced from 3D bioconstruction.
Soft robotic devices with biological tissues and millimeters, due to their nature, offer many advantages, depending on the movement and performance, with regard to current systems that only use artificial materials.
"Robots with biologically-inspired devices are a new discipline that helps us to overcome the limitations of conventional robotic systems, such as flexibility, reactivity or adaptability," says Samuel Sánchez, IBEC's chief researcher and ICREA research professor.
"We are studying the 3D BioPrinting potential, creating better and hibrious versions of real muscles, taking advantage of the ability and scalability to customize the speed, design, form and printing materials." He added.
The research team uses 3D bio-printing to create muscle tissue, creating very remote miotubes, which is the multinucleated fiber necessary for the operation of the muscles used for the operation of the robot's bio-actuators. And then they calibrate the force through a measuring platform and learned their genetic expression to adjust the workout.
"As we can see, the functionality and the responsiveness of the forces generated by changing their needs vary," says Tania Patiño, a PhD researcher, Juan de la Cierva, and the first author of the article published in Advanced Technologies Technologies. "We now know about the basic mechanisms of bio-regulating motor bioassays and a quick and cost-effective way of manufacturing 3D rendering. With our system, we expect that basic muscle tissue studies can be advanced in areas like soft robotics or as a drug testing platform that can be used to cause muscle contraction To understand, which is very interesting for pharmaceutical industry. "
"We have demonstrated that the integration of biological systems systems has acquired the ability of natural systems, and we prepare real muscles to adjust to their needs," said Rafael Mestre, PhD student at La Caixa. Severo Ochoa, IBEC and the first author of the article.
"This work will create hybrids with a real biotope real fabric, and many features that are not achieved with rigid classic robotics," said Samuel Sánchez