At a speed of 19,800 kilometers at that time, the Mars InSight probe approaches Mars, where it is needed to land on Monday, to start its mission: to listen to earthquakes and study the rocky planet.
The ship needs to overcome the difficulties of accessing the red planet's atmosphere, and its speed is rapidly reduced by 8 km per hour.
The seven-month-old 993 million-year-old Nuclear driver (5 May) started the Vandenberg Air Base in California and made 482 million kilometers. Some part of its mission is to inform human explorers about the effort to send the planet to the NAD in 2030.
March landing starts in 2012 when it is Curiosity explorer
NASA landed on the surface and analyzed the signs of life that could be found on the ground near the Earth, now frozen and dried.
Entrance, descent and landing stages will begin Monday at 7:47 p.m. GMT (2:47 p.m., Colombian timetable). Half jokingly, NASA refers to this stage for "six and a half minutes of terrorism."
Its central tool is the earthquake detection seismometer developed by the French Space Agency (CNES).
Among the six sensors of the skin, they are so sensitive that they have to show the smallest shaking of Mars, for example, the weak face of the Phobos moon, the effects of meteors and perhaps the volcanic activity evidence.
"It is the first mission to analyze the deep inside of Marsen," said Fernando Abilleira, Deputy Director of Design and Navigation, InSight. "Exploring the spread of waves under the skin of Marsen through its seismometer, we know how the planet's last 3,000 million years have been created." he added.
Seismology has been dedicated to humanity about 4,500 million years ago, but much of the Earth's evidence has lost ground recycling due to tectonic plaques. This process is not in Martian.
Physical factors and heat flows (HP3) is another tool that builds the German Aerospace Center (DLR), which is set at a depth of 5 meters in the Martian soil to provide a first accurate measurement. The heat of Marte's underground temperatures and the heat that escapes from the inside.
InSight landing will cushion with parpaid. The heat shield will help to slow down the ship and protect the frosts of accessing the red planet.
The landing area is called Plane Elysium Planitia, called by NASA "The largest parking lot of Mars".
NASA will know for a minute whether the landing was successful, but it would have to wait more than five hours to confirm the expansion of the equipment.
With 43 missions from Mars, 18 landmarks have been reached, 40 percent success rate and all the United States. "Going to the march is very difficult," said Thomas Zurbuch, Administrator of the Directorate General of the NASA Scientific Missions.
"It's exciting that we are doing the success of the best landing ever landed on this planet, that is, the NASA team with its contractors and their collaborators," he added.
Other feature details
The InSight name is based on "Inner exploration using seismic research, geodesy and heat transfer". The spacecraft stops a few meters from the surface and after deploying solar panels, it will be almost 6 meters long. The total fuel load is 360 kg, similar to the Harley Davidson motorcycle.
AFP and EFE