Thirty years later, when the moon rose for the first time, The natural satellite of the Earth has shown interest in 2019 between space intentions.
China was on Thursday He landed on the first landlocked and unplugged satellite, thus confirming its space power.
The magazine "Yutu" ("Jade Rabbit"), after China magazine, sends a module that was active in the 31 months of 2013.
"Chang & # 39; e-4" trials were retrieved from Aitken Valley. The mobile robot "Yutu-2" began to move on this invisible surface of the Earth. "In any case, although China does not know it, the scientific impact will be very important," said France's French space agency, Michel Viso CNES.
During this year, China wants to launch another probe ("Chang & # 39; e-5") to extract soil samples and move it to Earth.
So far, the three countries have been able to collect land over land, which is 384,000 kilometers away, such as Russia, the United States and China. Fifteen American astronauts sat on satellites in six missions between 1969 and 1972.
It is one of the countries that intends to join the India club, which sends the "Chandrayaan-2" mission, a landing gear, a mobile Indian robot and "A European mini-robot built in the Netherlands", said Bernard Foing, an astrophysicist, European Space Agency (ESA).
The Spanish mission space agency will be launching in March, as the national expert, the director of the international lunar exploration team. India already sent its first mission ("Chandrayaan-1") in Orbit throughout the Moon in 2008.
Israel also wants to enter into the space race, a 150-kg weighbridge manufactured by Spaceil, a private company of Isilune, The Google Lunar X Award (GLXP) among the finalists of the international competition.
The contestants had to demonstrate their ability to land mobile land mobile land before March 31, 2018. The contest was the winner and without the final awards ceremony. But SpaceIL continues and its robot wants to launch a Falcon 9 rocket in the US company SpaceX in February.
"The purpose of the mission is to enable Israel to make moon landing, extend a mobile robot and provide scientific and cultural knowledge"Foing explained.
"2019 will be a key year for lunar exploration," he said. After the 2000s, a new stage begins. "It is the beginning of a robotic town on the lunar, especially the commercial startups of new countries and different types of actors."
Japan wants to launch a small satellite, called SLIM, to investigate the volcanic zone of the lunar soil by 2020-2021.
On the other hand, Russia continues to work on the "Luna 27" robotics mission a few years later.
"The eighth continent"
The United States celebrates this year Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin's first steps on the 50th anniversary of July 20, 1969. In 2017, President Donald Trump signed a board meeting to return to NASA as the first stage to go to Mars.
The Orion Spacecraft Manufactured by Lockeed Martin aims to fly to Moon automatically for 2020. In addition, astronauts will start in 2023 to complete the eight-day journey on the satellite.
NASA announced in December that nine private companies chose landing equipment and used Moonra material.
"It is the eighth continent of the Earth," concluded Bernard Foing.