NASA's Mars InSight Sweepstakes launched on Monday, $ 993 million, and has been able to explore the first earthquakes and other rocky planet.
The guided nuclear space has begun for almost seven months and has made 482 million kilometers.
A part of its mission is to inform the current planet about the effort of sending human explorers to the NASA in 2030.
Mars's probes would be the first time in 2012, NASA's curiosity explored the explorer on the earth's surface, and the Earth's near-earth, now frozen and dry, would look at the signs of life.
InSight must overcome the difficulties of accessing the planet's red planet at a speed of 19,800 kilometers and reduces the speed of 8 kilometers per hour.
The arrival, descent and landing phase will be at 7:47 a.m. GMT on Monday. Half jokingly, NASA refers to this phrase as "six and a half minutes of terrorism".
From 43 missions launched in March, 18 of the planet arrived, About 40% success rate, all coming from the United States.
"It's a very difficult time for Mars to be very difficult," said Thomas Zurbuch, associate administrator of NASA's Science Missions Directorate.
"It's exciting that we are building the greatest success of the best landing ever landed on this planet, that is, the NASA team with its contractors and their collaborators."
The InSight name is called "Internal Exploration, seismic research, geodesy and heat transport".
When the spacecraft stops at a height of one meter, and when the sun panels are opened, it will be almost 6 meters long.
With full fuel charge, InSight weighs more than 360 kg, similar to the Harley Davidson motorcycle.
Its central tool is the earthquake detection seismometer that the French Space Agency (CNES) made.
"This is the only NASA mission created around a foreign tool," said Jean-Yves Le Gall, CNES President, AFP.
That's why he added, "It's a key role in the United States, France," and improves understanding of Mars.
Sensors of the six sensors in the skin are very sensitive, which should be the slightest shaking of Marsen, such as Phobos on the face of the moon, meteoric impacts and perhaps volcanic activity.
Seismology has taught mankind about the Earth around 4,500 million years ago, but much of Earth's evidence has been lost with crustal recycling, caused by tectonic plates. This process is not in Martian.
This vessel has an automatic gauge of 3 to 5 meters, the first accurate measurement of groundwater temperature and the amount of heat that escapes from the inside.
InSight landing will cushion with parpaid. The heat shield will help to slow down the ship and protect the friction of accessing the atmosphere of Mars.
The landing area is called Plane Elysium Planitia, called by NASA "The largest parking lot of Mars".
NASA will know for a minute whether the landing was successful, but it would have to wait more than five hours to confirm the expansion of the equipment. That would be at GMT 20: 04 at midday. (I)