In 2018, two countries were already part of the prestigious 100% renewal club, which is Norway and Portugal for at least one year.
Portugal has strengthened its investment in renewable energies for a long time, and these efforts have resulted in strong and irreparable results. The Renewable Energy Association reports in Portugal that it generates 6% of marketable renewable sources with a demand of 103% in the country. Much more than what I needed. This percentage was 55.5% hydroelectric and 40.2% wind, the remaining percentages in terms of solar energy.
Does renewable energy generate benefits? Of course, yes! The people saved 21 million euros and sent 1.8 million tons of carbon to the planet.
This year, Norway achieved 100% and 98% of net production, due to hydroelectricity, accounts for more than 96% of the sector, which has developed important projects and used new technologies. Two to four percent are created from wind, solar and bioenergetics. Norway is also promoting green transportation, it also has another record in the world, with less than a decade of electric vehicles.
In 2017, the country achieved 100% renewable energy in 300 days, mainly thanks to its hydroelectric generations. In 2018, the new president of this nation announced a ban on fossil fuels that promotes hybrids, electric and other durable alternatives. More than three decades ago, when Costa Rica started talking about clean energy, it seemed to be making sand castles, but today it has been good and the country has achieved the most successful and promising successes.
This small country of 3.4 million people has already taken advantage of its potential for rivers in the creation of hydroelectric plants and invests 3% of its gross domestic product (GDP) every year to reduce sovereignty of energy to reduce drought and environmental footprint in a structural reform. Clean Energy XXI has emphasized that for the last 6 years Uruguay has invested $ 22,000 million in sustainable sustainable energy and is now emerging as a regional leader. The country has wonderful winds, that is, where energy is used. Note that this does not mean the exclusion of the sun or the use of biogas.
Iceland and Lesotho
Lesotho Hydroelectric Power Station: In 1998, a hydroelectric power station that allows the sale of South Africa's energy and water. The country produces 90% of the energy it needs. The small country industry is considered the basis for the transformation of agricultural products and clothing. Lesotho was 100% renewable due to hydroelectric power, but it still faces drought when it comes to buying energy from other countries. The renewal process needs to be consolidated and progressed.
Iceland's volcanoes: Iceland is based on almost entirely renewable energy. In 2011, this country produced 65 444 GWh primary energy; More than 85% of them came from local renewable energy sources. Geothermal energy of the volcanoes accounted for 66.3% of primary energy, made up of 19.1% hydroelectric and other sources. In 2013 electricity produced 18 116 GWh, almost 100% renewable energy, which exceeded 99% in 1982 and has been almost exclusively since 1982. The main uses of geothermal energy are heating of buildings, 45.4% of total geothermal energy and 38.8% of electricity production. 85% of the country homes are heated by that energy.
The road is not easy, there are many interests, especially the large oil companies. Now, towards the victory, renewable energy stops. They are making headway against all odds in Spain, a new place in Argentina and, of course, in Colombia, Bolivia, Mexico and Brazil.
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