Wednesday , February 8 2023

Self-employed vehicles: who is paying an accident?


Actually, they are good sounds: they drive cars, pick them up and transport them to their destination. Cars that are non-driverless, without driver, who protect the environment and reduce the number of accidents, in short, because of the 90 percent of traffic accidents due to human error.

Euphoria becomes a reality

However, in some cases they show that the new technique was not as perfect as possible. In Germany too. Marko Gustke, the German Automobile Federation (VDA), says today that users do not want to spend a lot of security systems. "Since the package is fully functional and functional, we provide the best technology package with the best technology package."

Gustke calculates that next functions will be available next year. First of all, depending on the motorway: "We need to overcome the obstacles of the Gulf, in order to be able to orientate and locate the lines, in a convenient conditions". If it's sunny, then the computer controls the car with a speed of 60 km. Also, there will be support programs, since the year 2022, cars can be cars on motorways. But "we still keep driving without a driver's license", Gustke stressed.

Leading in the United States

Autonomous driving in the United States has been much advanced in recent years. In that, the NHTSA road safety authority wants cars to start running cars that are handled in certain situations without human intervention. Google has for a long time tried this technology in some authorized areas.

These are the "level 4" vehicles on five levels of self-driving. At a level five, computers that depend on traffic situations and depend on non-intervention, is still a fiction.

A simple looker from a driver?

"Level 1" refers to a car that works without automation and only has simple security systems. At the "2nd level", semi-self-employed cars already have lines and parking lots and drives the functions. Driving "3rd level" is quite automated. It controls controlling the car, but the technology works completely. There is, for example, that avoiding storm or heavy rainfall camera and radar, the system will take control.

But, in fact, this level is a serious problem, "people are not constantly designed for alert," says Mark Vollrath, an engineering psychologist. Automated driving would get bored by the driver and should do other things. Also, the distribution of tasks is not entirely clear. "Does the driver know what the vehicle is doing and what should it do?" He asks Vollrath.

Psychologists stretch their reaction time only when people are watching for a long time. In extreme situations, experienced drivers were in trouble. "Here are three times more accidents than manual drivers," he says.

Driver or vehicle liability

The insured party considers that this is an unacceptable risk. For this reason, the division of tasks between driver and technician is clearly required at all levels.

Udo di Fabio, president of the Automation Ethics Committee and the leadership of the federal government. In 2017, it produced 20 theses that served as a guideline for the technique established by the Commission. Then, it is clearly defined and must be identified in each situation, driving, being responsible for man or computer. "When the vehicle is running, human beings will not be responsible", emphasized Fabio, formerly the German Constitutional Court.

The confusion of an accident may be a lot. "If the driver needs to supervise the technique, we must face the complicated problem of responsibility when doing things wrong," he added. Who should pay damages in the case of an accident? "If you drive automatically, the responsibility will be with the manufacturer or programmer, but not the person inside the car," explains Di Fabio.

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