Wednesday , May 18 2022

The Challenge of New Diagnostics in the World Response to HIV HIV


It is estimated that 10% of Puerto Rico's people with HIV do not know the situation.

The most recent statistics from the Health Department indicate that there are 18,200 people on the island, and two out of every three people with HIV are over 45. Although the biggest transmission is male sex, three people with HIV are heterosexual.

"The biggest challenge is the connection with new HIV diagnoses. Some do not start treatment or do not start immediately (after diagnosis). This link must be made 30 days before the diagnosis is made"Said Yomary Reyes, planning analyst at Ryan White, Part B / ADAP, Department of Health.

With federal foundations, the Ryan White program provides treatment and support for HIV from 55 providers in eight clinical and 330 centers.

According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, the detection or non-detection of viral contamination is subject to the control of the person with HIV.

Today, in order to celebrate the World's Response to HIV World, El Nuevo Día collects stories that have been dedicated to her testimonies.

Joey Pons: embrace an entrepreneur

Joey Pons.
(Vanessa Serra Díaz)

The diagnosis of HIV arrived 31 years ago, and since then, Joey Pons has actively embraced his condition. In 1990, together with Moisés Agún, he published "Poemas de logico inmunológico", a book of poetry that explores the different aspects of HIV. ACT UP also participated in a non-profit organization, created by Larry Kramer.

"Activism has been in my life forever. It helped me a lot"Said Pons, 51, due to the fact that he has been treated by religions, Pons emphasizes that he maintains HIV control.

"There are side effects, but I do not have to lose my life or have poor quality of life," he said, his viral load is not a detective and only one day of medicine.

"The most feared thing is the stigma associated with HIV. As long as the epidemic continues, it will not end"He regretted, emphasizing the help he received with his family and his partner.

Rosa Rivera: has control

Rosa Rivera.
(Vanessa Serra Díaz)

After a non-consensual relationship with "Crunch" he invaded Rosa Rivera Avilés's body. In the meantime, a 56-year-old woman came up with a diagnosis of HIV received a few months earlier. In 1997 he again decided to call a virus called "Crunch" without inviting him to his body.

"I was too small to kill myself"He said that he was one of his initial concerns, leaving his two orphaned children.

With the right treatment, Rivera Avilés did not face her diagnosis, but she has fought for the rights of people with HIV in the last 21 years. One of the most recent initiatives in the work is that more people know about their diagnosis and start treatment.

"With the international campaign, "The Day of Closed Goset 30th November," people try and stop hiding the diagnosis."Said retired social worker.

Anselmo Fonseca: he did not say discrimination

Anselmo Fonseca.
(Vanessa Serra Díaz)

Initially, Anselmo Fonsece denied the process, after proving that his partner was HIV positive. Five years later, in 1995, he moved from Florida to Puerto Rico, and together with his mother, he tested HIV for his diagnosis.

In 1996, along with renowned activist José Fernando Colon, they started "famous cocktails" because they knew how to treat HIV, due to the number of tablets they need to take more than ten days a day.

"Previously, stigma and discrimination were very strong. We saw the skin and it was clear that he was ill. The rebuttal was immediate. Future generations do not live, although institutional and professional health continue to be stigmatized. For example, dental service has always been a problem"Said Fonseca, 56, her family and colleague, Colón, pointed out the leader of Pro Politica Sana for AIDS patients until her death five years ago.

Lorangelis Thomas: A bet for young people

Lorangelis Thomas.
(Vanessa Serra Díaz)

Lorangelis Thomas GIB was born 30 years ago through vertical transmission (from mother to child). He took 13 medications to keep his authorization, but after the death of his mother, he stopped the treatment for a while. Today, it takes three medications every day.

"I have been discriminated against in childhood and discriminated against, but I have been better managed by adults to make decisions about the person you want in your life"He said.

Over the past 10 years, Thomas is dedicated to activism and works with community-based organizations and local and international organizations. One of his last efforts is the HIV GIB, with Ganga Pangea, already present in San Juan, and another group will begin soon in the West.

"(Sorry) & # 39; pompia & # 39; The hiring of young people to participate is very complex. We make our free time without pay"She told her next projects: Women's Workshop on Sexual Issues with HIV.

José Díaz: For the cure lawyers

José Díaz
(Vanessa Serra Díaz)

José Díaz was diagnosed with HIV at 22 years ago, mentioning the topic "taboo" and "many myths". However, from the outset, he was aided by his family, especially after diagnosing his sister, who had taken care of and protected the home during the first three months.

"I worked in Health Departments and I received a great deal of work (when I came back). They were very good friends and many are still my friends"He said, a 67-year-old man, who was diagnosed three years later, activism.

"We have had problems with some medications, but we have to be alive. We now want cure and vaccination"He said, taking 35 medications a day, it is taking place every day. A company that believes in the efficacy of Prép (a drug that helps to convey efficiency in the deception) has participated in three clinical studies of different treatments." I chose life from the beginning I said, "he said.

Puerto Rico HIV

  • In 2017, 442 people were diagnosed in the country.
  • The diagnosis rate for adults and adolescents over the age of 13 is 15.3 for 100,000 inhabitants.
  • That same year, men accounted for 79.9% of new diagnoses.
  • Unmarried, male sex was the main transmission (46.8%) and then non-sponsored heterosexual relationship (34.4%).
  • Three people diagnosed with HIV live in Metropolitan Region in 2017.
  • The male diagnosis rate is 4.3 times higher compared to women.
  • Two cases of HIV infection have been reported every day in Puerto Rico.
  • From 1981 to October 31, 49,315 non-HIV infected people in 2018 reported Puerto Rico.
  • At the same time, the deaths of 29,096 injured people on the island have been reported.
  • 77.3% of reported cases advanced in stage 3 of HIV infection (AIDS).
  • 34.9% of diagnoses were between 25 and 34 years old.
  • 42.1% occurred among drug users.
  • 677 children between 0-12 have been diagnosed with HIV between 1981 and 2012.
  • 90.2% of these cases were perinatal transmission.
  • Since 2012, there are no reports of HIV in Puerto Rican children.

Source: HIV / AIDS Surveillance Program, Department of Epidemiology, Department of Health.

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