Wednesday , October 20 2021

The most powerful Gamma Ray Observatory will be in Chile


The project will take part in various national and international organizations and will allow the installation of this powerful Gamma Ray Observatory.

The world's largest Gamma Ray Observatory will be installed Paranal Hill, In Antofagasta. The initiative is promoted by more than one thousand scientists from 31 countries, 49 of which work in Chile's universities.

These agreements will be opposed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the European Observatory of the European Observatory and the Observatory Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA). This CTA is a scientific project that is detected by high energy gamma rays (or light particles), and is expected to be completed by the end of 2025.

"The CTA will allow for the development of astro-particles and surrounding areas, such as Big Data and instrumentation, in Chile, as in other international observatories, the CTA will provide 10% of the time of observation to the Chilean scientific community with the scientific center and the center for the development of the hostile area in Antofagasta" , says Andreas Reisenegger, Professor of the National Astrophysics Institute at the CATA Astrophysics Center, and the Chilean Researchers from consortium directors.

Gamma Ray Observatory

Cherenkov Telescope Array will have 4, 12 and 23-meter diameter telescopes in both places. 19 telescopes (CTA-North) will be in the Canary Islands, Spain and 99 (CTA-South), in the Paranal Observatory. The largest number of Chilean telescopes will be in Chile, one of the most interesting sources of analysis in the midst of the Milky Way in the Southern Hemisphere.

"The CTA will have access to the Chilean astronomy community to achieve a series of energy-efficient analysis of the Universe's processes. We hope that this new telescope will create a new combination of facilities and facilities in our knowledge". Walter Max-MoerbeckAcademic of the Department of Astronomy at the University of Chile and member of the CTA Consortium.

As Dr. Reisenegger explains, the energy of a photon of light flashes up to one million million light gamma rays. When entering the Earth's atmosphere, it breaks down into Earth's molecules and creates a particle jet that detects very sensitive telescopes on the Earth's surface. Gamma rays create images of many telescopes that are necessary to distinguish between other particles and determine the direction of energy and origin to link them to a source.

Reisenegger argues that these images make up a great deal of data, and their transfer, storage and analysis is a challenging challenge for engineers from different countries to collaborate in their work.

Reisenegger concludes that "CTA-Norte and CTA-Sur, independently, are 10 times more sensitive than the current gamma-ray detection experiments, so in the field of high energy, the CTA will create a revolution in ALMA in the field of wave millimeters. "

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