Wednesday , February 1 2023



Dentistry problems have a chronic illness, the most frequent and frequent population, because it is an important problem in public health, especially because of the low socioeconomic strata and the high cost of treatment.

Vidal Alejandro Pomés, a surgeon at the dentist and professor at the Faculty of Dentistry at Finis Terrae University, reports on the most urgent problems caused by the Chileans.

1. Caries: Antimicrobial is a chronic disease that destroys the tough tissues of the tooth. Dental enamel is demineralized, a layer of tooth layers, a bacterial plaque produced by acids that produce a set of organic bacteria. These take advantage of the remains of our "civilized" diet, including sweets, cookies and beverages, such as carbohydrates.

"After this initial attack and this type of skin chemical, bacteria continue to invade the tooth structure, causing the destruction of the tooth, the percentage of enamel depleted," explains Dr. Pomé.

According to the Ministry of Health (Minsal) statistics, cavities begin in the first years of life and age growth is important. In both years, prevalence of caries is 17.5%, in 49.6% and 6 years in 4 years, mixed tooth, that is to say, provisional and final tooth, 70.4%. The age of 12 is 62.5% and has reached 99.4% among adults between 65 and 74.

Gingival and periodontal disease. Dr. Pomés has pointed out that most of the chilies are a problem with gingivitis, the inflammation of the gums produced by bacteria.

Academics, if this inflammation is not controlled, the process will continue with periodontal disease, with bacteria that originate.

"Nursing is a loss of dental implant, that is, the loss of tissues inside the teeth of the bone marrow, because the treatment will not be lost," said Faculty Professor Finis Terrae University Dentistry.

3. Dentomaxillary anomalies: They are anatomical and / or functional changes that affect the relationship between the dentomyx and / or bony harmony of the oral cavity. According to Dr. Pomés, a number of factors are linked to a genetic component, one or both sleeves, anomalies in the number and tooth size, temporary loss of premature teeth, interproximal caries, bad suction and mouth breathing habits, among other things.

4. Oral Cancer: It is a chronic and complex disease. "The main risk factors are tobacco consumption, alcohol consumption and excessive sun exposure," warns Dr. Viidal Pomés.

Cases of cancer and pharynx, according to figures MINSAL, 1.5% of cases of male cancer and 0.7% in women.

The Faculty of Dentistry of Finis Terrae University stressed that it is essential to look for strategies to promote healthy habits of childhood population and food habits. "Transferring oral health information to the dentist and the education team is crucial, and patients should regularly visit the dentist," he said.

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