The pancreas's abdomen is a gland in the upper abdomen, immediately behind the stomach and has two functions: the food synthesizes the enzymes that help to decrease digestion and synthesizes hormones, such as insulin, secrets in blood circulation.
They can create two types of cancer: adenocarcinoma (which starts in the cells that synthesize) and neuroendocrine cancer, for the first time having a high death rate in time. According to the Ministry of Health, the latter has 4.1% of 100,000 inhabitants.
What symptoms should I pay attention to?
Concerning the relationship between pancreas and other organs, the different symptoms depend on the location of the tumors. "Those found in the head of the pancreas have a mammal affecting the skin (yellow skin, sclerosis and other mucous membranes) or dark kidney (color). This is because they obstruct the bile duct (intestinal intestinal tube) that crosses the pancreas's head," says Felipe Puelma, Las Condes A digestive surgeon clinic.
The doctor also explains, in general, that the tumors that place in the pancreatic body and / or tail usually cause symptoms. The most common are those that are not slow abdominal, low weight, appetite and dorsal pain.
In terms of proven risk factors, we found smoking, heavy metals, nitrosamines and excessive consumption between alcohol and ionizing radiation. Free sports activity is a healthy diet with fresh fruits and vegetables, and proper vitamin D and omega 3 suppositories are the origin of sea origin, although early prognosis improves early diagnosis.
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How is pancreatic cancer diagnosed?
Being an isolated system of the digestive system, the pancreas gives a very late symptomatology, so the diagnosis of cancer is usually done when it is late. This is why checking the history of family history helps the doctor detect early in order to effectively attack them.
Pancreatic cancer is more likely to be those who have a history of digestive cancer, especially pancreas, should be in the prevention control.
Dr Puelma explained that the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer is being studied, such as computational abdominal tomography and / or magnetic resonance in the abdomen. "In both cases they can be complementary and they must be done with the latest technology, because they have the possibility of planning better," he says.
It may be an abdominal ecotomography supplement, but the probability of seeing the entire pancreas is low, because the abdomen is located inside. "Today, with greater access to these diagnostic methods, patients with pancreatic lesions with a rough and severe tumor have boosted growth as they have symptoms for therapies," says experts.
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Early diagnosis and surgery are the best alternative to cancer treatment. Unfortunately, this is rare, because a significant percentage of patients have advanced injuries. "It is important that patients require patients who require multidisciplinary teams (chemotherapy and radiotherapy) to expect good results, regardless of the most advanced pathology," said Dr. Felipe Puelma.
In the case of cystic lesions or pancreatic cysts, they are very important in the course of their evolution when they are able to transform or undergo tumor malignant tumors. "All of these injuries must be evaluated by specialists to be able to prevent and cure appropriate therapies with advanced illnesses from ill patients," he says. In these cases it can be expressed from an observation until the gland resuscitation. Everything depends on the type of injury.