Although rigorous, exploration of space continues to be a source of strength and interest. Every year we add a little more, and we understand a bit more about the "final limit", and 2018 is no exception. Over the last twelve months we were greeted by our favorite missions, we celebrated a birthday, and we approached our neighbor Mars planet. When you enter a new year, we present some of the most significant achievements in space exploration and the most important astronomical events of 2018.
60 YEARS OF NASA
Created by the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, the agency began formal operations on October 1, 1958. From the beginning, the NASA (National Aeronautics and National Administration) was not an effort based on the military's civil and scientific space, and a space-related investigation.
NASA has expanded its path to space both in the United States and internationally. It was only 11 years old, the space agency came to the moon and, finally, the astronauts were sent to 12 stores. In the 1980s, early 1990s and early 2000s, the space shuttle program was offered, and it deployed 135 missions to the international space station. More recently, the organization explored the sun, visited the planet on the solar system, made asteroids and comets, extended long telescopes and sent to Mars.
In the future, NASA astronauts will start the red planet. NASA plans to develop the Lunar Orbit Platform Gateway, it will be a small station to launch lunar missions. Experience with these missions along with NASA's international and commercial partners will take Mart's next step.
PARKER TESTS AND UPDATE SUN
In August 2018, NASA launched a solar power plant in Parker, a space space designed to travel to the corner of our star, to study the solar wind. These powerful explosions by Boreal Auroras can also cause satellite or terrestrial communication in the orbit. Although occasionally, solar winds may be able to stop positioning systems (GPS) and high-frequency radio communications.
Scientists who study solar winds know very little about how they originate, and Parker's solar surveys want to respond to some of the direct questions that they travel to the outer atmosphere, from solar particulates to samples and magnetic field measurements. Zund will also measure the sun's temperature as scientists understand how a star in a star with stars, compared with others (6,000 degrees centigest) crowns it at millions of degrees.
LA INSIGHT LANDER ON MARS
At 2:50 pm, on Monday, November 26, 2018, NASA's InSight Lander landed on a good surface. With seven minutes of dangerous minutes, the Earth's thin atmosphere slid into hyper-speed speeds and slowed down to get the perfect landing. Immediately, InSight took his first car on the surface of the red planet.
In Mars already, InSight will be busy to collect geological data between the core and the crust. Landscapes will analyze the layers of the planet, measure the planetary temperatures and generate data on the sphere axis. Scientists can expect that Mars does not only understand, but also from the Earth, its differences and similarities.
VIRGIN GALACTIC IN THE ENVELOPE SPACE OUTDOOR
After claiming a life of a pilot after an accident in 2014, and for a period of two years, the Galactic Virgin Mary returned to plans for tourist flights for commercial space. The sponsored company Sir Richard Branson successfully achieved four-space flights in 2018. The final attempt of December reached 51 kilometers to get to the Kármán line, or the border between the atmosphere and the outer space, safe before returning to Earth, with a thick landing of the Mojave air and space port.
The data extracted from this flight will be analyzed and used to improve the safety and performance of future attempts. The next test flight will be used to ship the weight of a freight weight full of passengers by boat. More than 600 people have been bought to use Virgin Galactic yachts again. Each card has a cost of $ 250,000, but Branson expects a day less than $ 40 or $ 50 thousand dollars.
It was SpaceX for New Year in 2018, and the company once again showed that rebuilding rockets in the world is a road to the future. SpaceX made 20 presentations in 2018 and passed the 2017 record of the 18th of August. One of 64 broader satellites in the orbit, one record in the United States single missions deployments. The world record holder is Indian satellite polarization (PSLV). In February 2017 it expanded 104 satellites.
SpaceX continues to amaze with its reusable rockets. This year, for the first time, Falcon 9 started up the same driver for three launches and used for different landings. But the Falcon 9 rocket is not the only nuclear spaceX SpaceX array. The company also developed the Dragon capsule, the first flight made in December 2010 to recover the recoverable. The first commercial vessel was recovered and built. The capsule continued successful successes for the renewal of the International Space Station 2018.
THE END OF MISSION OF SPACE SHAW DAWN SPACE
The mission of NASA's Dawn ended in 2018 after the nuclear power was unleashed. The Dawn Spaceship was deployed in September 2007 and covers more than 4.3 million (4.3 million) in 11 years. The purpose of the mission was to investigate a dwarf planet Ceres and Vesta on a giant asteroid belt.
The images and data recovered from the Sun could be developed from the source information of our solar system and in the early years. He also gave a closer look at the dwarf planet and the look of an asteroid that suggests that ice below it. Now when life is due to expiration, Dawn will continue to control the orbit of the Ceres planet's dwarf.
Latest images of KEPLER SPACE TELESCOPE
After nine years of deep space, in search of new scenes, the Kepler space telescope finally held fuel and delivered the latest images of 2018. Interestingly, it was designed to work for 3 years and a half, but it was a long time that some scientists from NASA would continue for a further five years every week.
This telescope definitely leaves a great legacy. At that time, Kepler collected data from thousands of out of the solar system, and the large number of this information is available to the general public.