Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a global public health problem and nowadays there are 35 million people living in the World Health Organization (WHO).
Only last year, about a million people died of viruses.
They carry about 37 million people – 70% live in Africa – and 1.8 million were hired in 2017.
AIDS disease is only diagnosed with HIV.
Since the 1980s, all kinds of crazy ideas about how to convey and how they have undergone allergies and stigmas have been fueled by those who live with this virus.
On World AIDS Day, BBC World has dismantled some of these myths.
1. If I approach people with HIV, I will be infected
This false idea has led to a long-standing anti-discrimination discrimination against HIV, and although there are awareness campaigns, 20% of British still believe in 2016 from someone who has contacted or saliva.
However, HIV It is not touched, transmitted through tears, sweat, saliva or urine.
- Air inhalation
- Hugs, kisses or a bet.
- Share cutlery.
- Share a feed
- Share personal items
- Use gym workouts or accessories.
- Use the same toilet or door handle.
If HIV is spread Fluids exchanged, for example, blood, semen, patient fluid and breast milk virus carriers
2. There are alternative HIV viruses
Absolutely false. Alternative remedies like after sex after shower or Some of them with a virgin They do not play against HIV.
Saharan in southern Africa, parts of India and Thailand, the myths of "washing with a virgin" are particularly dangerous.
It has promoted rape for young girls and babies, endangering HIV.
It is believed that this lie XVI. It was created in Europe during the century when syphilis and gonorrhea were spread. It also does not work with these illnesses.
Prayer and religious rituals may face difficult situations, but they do not cause viruses at the medical level.
3. Mosquitoes can transmit HIV
Despite the spread of HIV in the bloodstream, several studies show that the virus is not transmitted by bites or insects for two reasons that are transmitted by blood:
1) Bite, No one has entered the blood of the person or animal.
2) Only HIV A very short time of survival Within these insects.
So, although there are a lot of mosquitoes in the area and a high prevalence of HIV, there are no two factors in common.
4. I will not infect you through oral sex
It is true that oral sex is more dangerous than other sex acts. The infectivity rate is below In four cases, 10,000 times.
but Getting the virus is possible to have an oral sex With a man or woman who leads it, so it is recommended for practicing doctors to use condoms.
5. If I use the condom I did not get it
Condoms It can not prevent HIV exposure If they break, slip or leak into sexual contact.
Therefore, successful AIDS campaigns are not only those that encourage condoms, but also tested it and Treatment immediately received If they are positive.
According to the WHO, Four people do not know about HIVThis means that there is a huge risk of awareness of 9.4 million.
6. If I have no symptoms, I do not have any viruses
A person can not With HIV, they live 10 or 15 years without symptoms. It also has flu, fever, headache, hives, or throat after the first week of appetite infection.
Other symptoms may appear because the infections hurt the immune system: inflammation of the lymphoma, heavy weight loss, fever, diarrhea and cough.
You can also develop serious illnesses such as those without treatment tuberculosis, the Cryptococcal meningitis, serious bacterial infections and cancers such as the lymphoma or capitis sarcoma, among others.
7. Young people die of HIV
They know about HIV and treatment growing healthier.
The United Nations Program on HIV / AIDS (UNAIDS) says 47% of those living with HIV have removed viral load, that is to say, the amount of the virus in the blood is detected in a relatively small analytical one.
These people they can not pass the virus to others, not even through sexual routes.
However, if left untreated, the level of HIV rises again and can be detectable.
According to WHO, 21.7 million people living with the virus received antiretroviral treatment in 2017; In 2010, there were only eight million people, that is, about 78% of HIV positive patients are diagnosed.
8. Your mother with HIV will always give children
Not necessarily the mother who has withdrawn from the lungs has not been able to transmit it to the liver.