According to research by scientist Tommy Tong and his team at Oxford University (England), vegan and vegetarian diets increase the risk of breakage. The findings of this study were recently published in the journal BMC Medicine.
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The work of British researchers is arguably the most extensive work ever done on this subject. For good reason, 54,898 participants followed it for almost an 18-year period. At the beginning of the study, each determined its diet and thus four groups were formed: vegetarians (15,499), vegans (1982), fish consumers (8037) and meat consumers (29,380). Remember, vegetarians don’t eat meat or fish and vegans don’t eat meat, fish, eggs, or dairy. In an effort to leave the senses with nothing, scientists have also collected data on medical, socioeconomic and lifestyle.
After a very long observation, Tommy Tong’s team found 3,941 fractures among the volunteers involved in the study. As might be expected, the analysis of data recorded by different specialists allowed the establishment of a concrete link between cause and effect in reducing the diet and increasing the number of fractures. In particular, we know that vegans have a 43% higher risk of fracture than people who eat meat. In the case of fish consumers and vegans, this risk is 26% and 25% higher, respectively. The figures showed that the scientists involved in the study were able to see that the most common fracture was in the hip (the risk was 2.31 times higher), but there was no difference between the arms, wrists and legs. ankles.
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Poor bone health
According to the findings of the research team, the results largely show that the body mass index (BMI) is lower in those who do not eat meat and among those who consume less calcium and consumption. protein. As a result, their bones are in much worse health, are more fragile and break more easily. However, scientists at Oxford University who took part in the study say that the finding is widespread and, for example, due to a lack of available data, they have been unable to distinguish between fractures caused by poor bone health. (such as falls from heights) and accidents.
« Individuals need to consider the benefits and risks of dieting to ensure that bones have adequate levels of calcium and protein that are important for their health. They should be careful to maintain a healthy BMI, which is neither low weight (below 18.5) nor overweight (above 25), although we do not have enough data in our research. to conclude that vegetarians and vegetarians with high BMI are also at risk of fracture »Explains Tommy Tong.