Jakarta, CNN Indonesia –
Dust storm Mars planet it is suspected to be the cause of the disappearance air on that planet. Dust storms are common, but for unknown reasons, terrifying storms spread across the solar system to cover the planet Mars.
Storms can be deadly threats to space explorers. In 2018 a storm also killed NASA’s Opportunity vehicle. Now, researchers say the storm may also be the reason Mars is cold, Space reported.
The storm also turned the wet planet into a wet planet. Fossilized rivers and deltas recorded on Mars show water flowing billions of years ago. Most of the water somehow disappeared into space.
Researchers believe that water vapor cannot fly in a cold, thin atmosphere without condensing in the snow and falling back to the surface. New data from NASA’s Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) orbiter show how rotating dust storms can pump water into space.
One of the processes known as water loss comes from the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays, which can break water on the surface of Mars. Then send hydrogen and oxygen into the atmosphere until they disappear into space, as mentioned on the University of Copenhagen page.
During the 2018 hurricane, Shane Stone, a graduate student at the University of Arizona, analyzed data from MAVEN, which since 2014 has been studying the planet’s upper atmosphere. A MAVEN instrument tested the atmosphere directly when the probe plunged to its lowest orbital altitude of 150 kilometers.
Stone couldn’t believe what he was complaining about: as the dust curled at a lower height, the floodwaters reached the edge of space.
Mars water is similar to the sea water on Earth
Although the water on Mars has been declining, the water on the Red Planet bears a resemblance to the sea water on Earth. Billions of years ago, it was known that Mars poured water into lakes.
According to research by Nature Communication, Mars ’water has a lower salinity than Earth’s oceans. However, the salinity of this water is higher than that of fresh water on Earth.
Mars water has been reported to have a neutral pH level similar to seawater and is rich in minerals.
In that study, the team used sediment samples collected by NASA’s Curiosity robot walker in Yellowknife Bay (Mars). Robot explorers often study clay samples in the crater of Mars Gale, believed to be an ancient lake.
Since the arrival of Curiosity on Mars, researchers have been able to find out what the planet Mars was like billions of years ago.
Numerous views have been taken to reconstruct how the composition of Mars ’water has changed over the millennium.
(In / DAL)