According to the agreement signed by the peace in Israel on March 26, 1979, with the White House Lawn, on March 26, 1979, five years after Israel's peace agreement and Israeli peace agreement were held.
In fact, Egypt is making a single commemorative event, and is being sponsored by the US Embassy in Cairo, said one of the investigators at the National Security Research Institute Ofir Winter Tel Aviv.
Winter commentaries occurred in one of the events of Israel: last week, at the Hebrew University of Truman Institute in Jerusalem, they discussed different aspects of the peace deal.
"Peace is not an event that is celebrated in Egypt," said Winter. "If peace is mentioned, the war in the context of the October war brought about peace and, more importantly, led to the release of Sinai."
In March 1979, these days were poisonous, when President Anach Sadat, Egypt's President, Menachem Begin, and President Jimmy Carter placed the US White House on his earring ear.
When he spoke about the agreement a few months before he was awarded the Nobel Prize, Sadat spoke with his thoughts: "There is no more war, it's no more."
At the end of the war, the dreams were also, at least in Israel, the whole national bus that crosses the border across each day. Academic cooperation and students studying in Egyptian universities.
They shared shared business expectations, cultural events and opportunities.
Forty years later, Begin began to commit "more wars, more bloodshed", and this is a great achievement, an everlasting change for Israel. Israel eliminated the strongest and most important Arab state in the warring countries' circles, and strategically planned its energy and resources to the other side.
Former Minister of Defense, as Moshe Ya'alon said, two weeks ago, ended an Israeli-Arab conflict and left the country with a Palestinian-Israeli conflict.
"If the deal is back, it's not a conventional war on Israel since it was signed," he said. "Arab leaders or Arab armies did not dare attack the army of the Israeli army, and the war that was the final war of Yom Kippur was launched by our leaders."
In the absence of war and the scope and military cooperation and intelligence, the peace of Israel-Egypt – 40 years later – is "hot". Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, President of Egypt, acknowledged 60 minutes. In the interview in January, the security cooperation between the two countries takes place just as it has ever happened.
"We have a wide range of cooperation with Israel," he admitted.
With regard to the people of the agreement, it remains: Egyptian diplomats and later the UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Secretary General, called the "cold peace" in the 1980s.
The Israeli and Egyptian governments have strong relationships – especially the defense and security establishments and the top leaders – but no people.
Fifty years later, peace did not enter into the mass, yet the Egyptians still saw Israel very clearly in the light of day.
Dan Kurtzer, after signing the agreement, arrived as a junior diplomat in the U.S. and then went to the US ambassador to Cairo and then to Tel Aviv, said he has long failed to change his position as a result of the fall.
"The Arab states, including Egypt, created a problem for them," he said. "Due to its weaknesses – governance, authoritarianism, poverty and the impossibility of offering their people – this huge problem of Zionism and Israel was created as a means of deviating attention. So, if you look at Arab Summit encounters for many years, 25 will be on the agenda and agree The only thing I could say would be the Israeli Palestinian rejection. "
In all these years, the Arab people were probably Israel "as a landmark and strange part of the region," Kurtzer said: "It was not easy to turn around a centimeter."
That same model – a strong relationship between government and security, but a bad relationship between people – he repeated with Jordan.
Reasons are also said by diplomatic sources, why it is so difficult to get in touch with those states that come to contact Arab states with Israel: the street is just ready.
Sadat took a strategic decision to take peace with Israel and brought his military leaders and members of his government, but Egyptians were another story, Kurtzer said.
He added that after a moment of euphoria, people have analyzed a lot of development and reached the process.
Kurtzer has said that since the signing of the agreement, since Sinai's retirement in 1982, Israel has been attacked by Iran's nuclear reactor, Knesset, Jerusalem, and Golan. It was not resolved until 1989 Since the death of Sadat in 1981, Israel invaded Lebanon one year later and continued the construction of agreements.
"This can be explained from the perspective of Israel," said Kurtzer. "But from the perspective of Egypt's citizens, they said:" Wait a minute, we've thrown our land back, but it's still a huge thing that we all said about these years. "
That's why he said that there was no shouting that the full standardization in the bottom.
Yitzhak Levanon, Israel's Cairo ambassador from 2009 to 2011, and the Israeli envoy was disturbed in September 2011, said peace had not been dumped, because he was a top leadership: Hosni Mubarak, the country's governor. In 1981, after thirty years of the assassination of Sadat, until he disappeared in 2011, he did not want to emit.
After expelling the Arab League from the Egyptian, after a peace treaty, and after an Arab country retreated to Cairo, Mabarpa felt the need to return to the Arab world.
He did the same way, he continued, while the peace treaty he had had to believe had not been upheld, "I did not fill any content." His idea, Levanon said, "kept the frame, but removed the image – bilateral relations – inside."
In Egypt, like in other Arab states, he said the public looked at the leadership of how they thought about and made signs to Israel, and concluded the consequences.
"The people of Egypt, in general, saw that Mubarak had not visited Israel, except in the three months of Shimon Peres," said Levanon. "Instead, he has continued to improve links with the Arab world. People understand that if Israel and the Arab world scale on a scale, the Arab world will be a priority."
Lebanon said after the assassination of Sadat, Mubarak was afraid of Islamic radicals – the Muslim Brotherhood, as well as the Islamic Jihad of Egypt, actually killed Sadat. President of Egypt wanted to guarantee stability and "decided to give the Brotherhood the Muslims rope," said Levanon.
He concluded that Muslims' brotherhood would not be a hindrance to Kairus, Israel, and the United States, and would allow them to control their trade unions.
"He joined the unions to get control over, without exception – doctors, engineers, pharmacists … and the Israelis decided not to make an invitation, the first trade unions said:" Israel, nyet. "
According to the former ambassador, Mubarak, when peace was being asked about the cold, said that it was not always a government policy, but rather a decision taken by trade unions.
Mubarak never wanted to abandon the peace treaty in two ways, he kept in Levanon. He wanted the benefits of the agreement – including Israel's peace and economic support from the United States – but without normalizing it with Israel.
He added that the Egyptian leader, the Arab world, persuaded the U.S. to oppose it and was unable to convince him to abolish the agreement, "but that does not mean embrace and embrace the Jews." distance, and normalization of the link in the Palestinian way forward.
Another factor in Israel's negative perception was Egypt's press, and Israel was a very negative, and still remains, and is often anti-Semitic.
Levanon stated that the Egyptian press government has government support and that the government has changed the tone of the media. But, he said, he had no desire.
The University of Hebei Elie Podeh Prof., Egypt, one of Egypt's main areas of specialization, distinguished the Egyptian press in the Peace Treaty of Achilles. The government has said the reason why it does not stop the anti-Israeli press because "it wants to allow ventilation", so the criticism of the press is "not for the government, but for Israel and many other actors."
The other weaknesses of the treaty in the Truman Institute conference are an unitary education system that does not support peace promotion, an educational system that promotes intellectual opponents of the Egyptian political spectrum and barriers. The Egyptians who want to travel to Israel.
"Israel still remains one of the countries to be able to visit, so it will be on the list and you do not want it on the list," he said. "Visiting Israel is not easy. It is expensive and the government does not want to promote it."
While Paz's refusal to refuse to give up, Podeh said the agreement has real estate and real property.
The first is not to overwhelm the treaties, even in the major challenges – wars, intifades, and the reign of Muslim Mohammed Morsi.
Another important element of the agreement is the "military deal" in honor of the letter from the troops of Sinai in the Egyptian troops; the constant embassy and consular existence; Free passage of the Suez canal; To destroy the Arab boycott against Israel; Preventing terrorist attacks on one side of the Egyptian border; Keep land, sea and air connections between both countries; Maintaining minimum trading, which has helped triangles in the US; and promote Israel's tourism, but not encouraging.
To increase the global temperature of peace, he has said that Israel needs to solve and solve the "very heavy country of Egypt". "And Egypt," he said, "requires involvement, above all, to promote the culture of peace."
After forty years, Podeh said that the temperature of the peace is "cold" in some aspects – such as normalization of links – and "heat" in others, such as security and intelligence. He called "warm", "permanent" peace, and gave him a "pass". And, he stressed, it is important to remember that now both countries have had peace in a state of war more than ever.
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