The Hayabusa 2 mission of the Japanese Space Exploration Agency aims to answer the origins of the solar system and some basic questions about where particles like water come from..
The spacecraft Tanegashima launched from the Japan Space Center in 2014 and took four years to reach the asteroid Ryugu to take a sample and return to Earth in November 2019..
The return of Hayabusa 2 comes with the first samples taken from the surface of the world’s asteroid, a few weeks after NASA’s Oasis-Rex spacecraft captured samples from the surface of the asteroid Bennu..
Meanwhile, China reported this week that its lunar crust has collected subsurface samples and sealed it inside the spacecraft to return it to Earth, as developing countries compete in space with missions.
Trevor Ireland, a space expert at the National University of Australia, said that while Woomera will land the capsule, the Ryugu asteroid sample was expected to be similar to a meteorite that crashed in Australia near Murchison in Victoria state more than 50 years ago..
“The Murchison meteorite has opened a window into the origin of the Earth’s organic matter because these rocks have been found to contain a lot of water as well as simple amino acids,” Maryland said.“.
“When the solar system was forming, we will study whether the asteroid Ryugu is a possible source of organic matter and water on Earth, and whether these materials are still intact on the asteroid’s surface,” he said.“.
Scientists believe that the samples, especially those taken from the asteroid’s surface, contain valuable data that is not affected by space radiation and other environmental factors. Scientists are particularly interested in studying the organic matter in samples.